More autonomy, higher motivation to learn

Karen Lai


Parents intend to provide the best for their children. But is their best good enough in the eyes of the children themselves? According to a survey done by a group of CityU’s third-year marketing students, improved communication between parents and children at an earlier stage, and a higher level of autonomy for children, allows more and enhances effective learning.


The survey, “How to motivate Hong Kong primary school students to learn,” was commissioned by Ming Pao’s magazine, City Children’s Weekly, with the aim of understanding the learning styles of schoolchildren. The third-year marketing students examined the behaviour patterns of 400 primary school students between the ages of six and eleven, and 400 parents of children in that age range, via telephone or face-to-face interviews. Social workers, academics and psychologists were invited to analyze the findings to reveal ways of motivating children to take initiatives in learning. At a press conference held on 19 July, the student consultants presented their findings, many of which shed new light on the youngsters’ learning behaviour and the parents’ expenditures in raising their children.


Parents willing to devote time, money to recreational activities and courses


l          Ninety-four percent of parents were “willing” or “very willing” to participate in recreational activities with their children, aiming to develop a better parent-child relationship. Eighty-three percent of parents were willing to devote half a day or a whole day to these activities. They ranked “local touristic learning tours” as the most popular activity and “expedition outings” as the second most popular.


l          Nearly 50% of parents are willing to spend more that $500 per month on their children’s recreational activities, and 52% are willing to spend more than $1,000 per month on courses to develop their children’s all-round talents.


l          Divergence between parents’ expectations and children’s learning orientations


l          For multi-intelligence development, parents ranked “language proficiency” as the most important aspect of learning, followed by “self-understanding”, and “interpersonal skills”. “Musical/rhythmic intelligence” and “visual-spatial intelligence” got a lower ranking.


l          For academic subjects, parents also tended to put “language proficiency” as their prime concern, whereas “civic education” and “sex education” were at the bottom of the list.


l          However, regarding the activities youngsters tend to do most, “watching TV” and “playing computer games” were their favorites. During holidays, they preferred outdoor activities like playing at public parks/playgrounds.


l          Parents decide on children’s magazines, snacks and drinks


l          Of the top five consumer products, parents selected which magazines, snacks, and drinks to purchase for their children. The children only made decisions on “stationeries” and “toys”.


l          However, if there were a number of magazines on the list, over 60% of parents would let their children to decide which one to buy.


The survey also invited social workers and psychologists to make recommendations based on the findings. According to Mr Chan Wai To, Senior Lecturer of the Division of Social Studies, parents should give more autonomy to children in choosing magazines and which personal interest courses to take. “With more autonomy, the children will develop a sense of responsibility for their own learning. Parents should provide more guidance to their children on decision-making and taking responsibility for their choices,” said Mr Chan.


A dedicated social work scholar and a winner of CityU’s Teaching Excellence Award 1993/94, Mr Chan suggested that parents abandon traditional standards of judging a child’s talents. Instead, parents ought to appreciate their children’s gifts such as hand-eye coordination, which is very useful in the digital world of today. Parents should also communicate more with their children before enrolling them in courses. He encouraged parents to introduce their children to interactive courses such as creative drama workshops and digital multimedia courses, so that children can further develop their strengths in IT and computer animation.


“We are very glad to see a group of enthusiastic students and teaching staff devoting so much effort on the study,” said Mr Eric Mak, Managing Editor of City Children’s Weekly. “The findings will be beneficial to researchers, teachers, parents and children courseware developers.” The survey is an extension of the Advanced Marketing Seminar course assignment of last semester. Led by Mr Alex Tham, Instructor of the Department of Marketing, students found the course to be a good training ground in which to apply their business knowledge, creativity and research skills in real life business settings. Introduced in 1995, the course has developed a list of renowned client companies such as Delifrance, Amoy Foods Ltd and the Pricerite Group.





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