Environmentally-friendly dimmable technology reduces energy consumption
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At a press conference on 18 April, Professor Ron Hui and Dr Henry Chung of CityU’s Department of Electronic Engineering demonstrated how the dimmable technology works in lamps and how it contributes to the reduction of environmental pollution. Both Professor Hui and Dr Chung pointed out that, in lighting systems, having dimming ability does not necessarily mean energy-saving, and energy-saving technology does not necessarily mean that it is environmentally-friendly. However, CityU’s novel dimmable lighting technology is both energy-saving and environmentally-friendly.
“Striking a balance between development and harmony of the ecosystem has become an issue of common concern for mankind,” said CityU President Professor H K Chang while kicking off the press conference. “The novel dimmable technology introduced by Professor Hui and Dr Chung not only reduce energy consumption, it also helps reduce damages to the ecosystem.”
In electric lighting systems for discharge lamps such as fluorescent lamps and high-intensity-discharge lamps, a device known as “ballast” is used to control and limit the current in the lamp. The mainstream product, “electromagnetic ballast”, consists of a choke which is made of metal core and copper winding. It is highly reliable and has a typical lifetime of 15-20 years, with little maintenance required. The metallic choke is recyclable and is therefore environmentally friendly.
There is a recent trend of replacing the “electromagnetic ballasts” with “electronic ballasts”, because the latter consume about 10 to 15% less electricity. However, the increasing use of energy-saving electronic ballasts leads to an environmental problem – accumulation of toxic electronic waste. Electronic ballasts have a relatively short lifetime ranging from one to five years. Each piece of electronic ballast can only control up to one to three lamps. Therefore, widespread use of electronic ballasts will lead to massive accumulation of toxic electronic waste.
Professor Hui and Dr Chung developed a central dimming technology that can turn “non-dimmable” electromagnetic ballasts into “dimmable” ones. It is compatible with all electromagnetic ballasts and no major rewiring is required. Its dimming capability allows users to use lighting energy when and where it is necessary and to the appropriate lighting level. Each central dimming system can control up to 150-200 discharge lamps, so substantial reduction in electronic waste can be achieved. It has a “self-recovery” feature, that is, if the central dimming system fails, the lighting system will continue to work. “The novel technology is suitable for extreme weather conditions and requires very low maintenance cost,” said Professor Hui.
Through the support of a CityU associated company, e. Energy Technology, this central dimming technology (patent-pending) has been successfully applied to road lighting systems. It is suitable for applications both in indoor and outdoor large lighting systems such as roads and highways, parks and gardens, multi-storey car parks, public housing estates, industrial and commercial buildings, airports, hotels, universities and sports stadiums.
Lighting systems consume about 15 to 18% of global electricity. If the new technology is widely applied, it could reduce power consumption in electric lighting systems by 1/15 (or 6.7% in the lighting energy sector), thus reducing 1% of global electrical energy consumption annually. The central dimming control system has been tested in