Dr. Alicia K.J. AN

PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), Member of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (MHKIE), Registered Korea Civil Engineer, Member of the Association of Energy Engineers (MAEE), Certified
Staff title
Associate Professor

Dr. An has been working in the field of Membrane-based water treatment more than 15 years and published over 90 papers on emerging technologies such as membrane distillation, forward osmosis and hybrid RO for removing emerging pollutants and resource recovery. Recently, Dr. An’s research has primarily dealt with the fabrication of advanced superhydrophobic (and omniphobic) porous polymeric membranes, developing a fundamental understanding of, and detection methods for, membrane wetting, scaling and fouling, and their practical applications in MD through industry collaboration. She is currently one of PIs of the Theme-based Research Scheme (TRS) in Hong Kong, entitled “Paradigm-shifting, Fully-integrated, Compact Wastewater-to-resource Facility (WWRF).”

Please click HERE to register.

Research Interests:

Dr. An's research emphasizes the development of emerging membrane technologies and innovative approaches to solve pressing water quality and quantity issues.   

  • Seawater desalination using membrane technology: Reverse osmosis (RO), membrane distillation (MD), forward osmosis (FO), and hybrid process
  • Emerging technologies such as MD, FO, and Crystallizer for wastewater treatment and resource recovery
  • Membrane fabrication and characterization
  • Membrane-based technologies for removing emerging pollutants
Other Information
Role Project No. Project Title Grant Type  
PI 9043150 Facile Fabrication of a Bioinspired Omniphobic-slippery Membrane for Robust Membrane Distillation with Real Time Monitoring for Wetting, Fouling and Scaling GRF TBC
PI 9231446 Removal of Micro/Nano Plastic from Marine Environments Using Nanobubble MCEF TBC
The 4th International Forum on Asian Water Environment Technology (IFAWET-4) ECF 01/01/2021~31/12/2021
Investigation of nanobubble flotation to remove micro/nano plastic from Sewage Treatment Works (STWs) in Hong Kong ECF 01/10/2021~30/09/2023
PI 9440294 Design and Development of a Novel Membrane Distillation Process for Textile Wastewater Treatment and Reuse for Zero Liquid Discharge ITF 01/12/2018~30/11/2020
PI 9440195 A Novel Membrane Distillation-crystallizer (MDCr) for Zero Liquid Discharge and Valuable Resource Recovery ITF 01/05/2018~30/04/2020
PI 9042497 Engineering Omniphobic Slippery Membrane Surface for Wetting and Fouling Prevention: The Expanded Application of Membrane Distillation for Resource Recovery from Wastewater GRF 01/01/2018~31/12/2020
PI 9048074 Thermally Driven Energy Efficient Desalination Process: A Hybrid Membrane Distillation-Adsorption Desalination System for Concentrate Treatment ECS 01/09/2016~31/08/2019
PI 9231256 Analyzing and Monitoring On-site Smart Bin Operation and Odor Control Supporting for Promotion to Adopt New Technology ConRes-RO 15/05/2017~31/08/2019
PI 9667155 Nanocomposite Super-hydrophobic-oleophilic Oil Sorbent for Enhanced Sorption Capacity and Reusability ARG 01/06/2017~31/05/2019
PI 9678158 Controlling NOM Fouling on the Microfiltration Ceramic Membrane by Fe-Al Binary Oxide Adsorption Cake Layer MF_EXT 01/05/2018~30/11/2021

Group members

Name Role Research Topic
Dr. Jiaxin GUO Postdoctoral fellow Membrane distillation
Dr. David von EIFF Postdoctoral fellow Water economy
Joonho YEO Postdoctoral fellow Environmental management for water treatment
Noman Khalid KHANZADA Postdoctoral fellow Reverse osmosis
Paula Jungwon CHOI Postdoctoral fellow Forward osmosis
Jehad KHARRAZ Postdoctoral fellow Membrane distillation
Bowen Pak Wai WONG PhD Year 3/3 Modelling
Xinning ZHANG PhD Year 2/4 Forward osmosis
Jiawei SUN PhD Year 2/4 Wastewater Treatment, Forward Osmosis
Zhenyu HU Joint PhD with USTC 2/4 Membrane distillation
Mingyi JIA PhD Year 1/4 Microplastic
Min-Wei BOEY PhD Year 1/4 Nanobubble

HKPFS Position(s) Available

Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme application HKPFS 2022-2023
Candidates should demonstrate outstanding qualities of academic performance, research potential in the area of 1) advanced membrane techniques such as membrane distillation (MD), forward osmosis (FO), and hybrid system for seawater desalination reverse osmosis (RO), and 2) water and wastewater treatment in particular, microplastic and nanobubble with a strong background in water chemistry.

Detailed information can be found from e-poster.

Strong oral and written communication skills in English and the ability to work in a multi-disciplinary team are essential. Interested students are welcomed to contact Dr. Alicia An at alicia.kjan@cityu.edu.hk.

Journal Publications in CityU (2015~ current)

Corresponding author*, Publication with PhD studentsa, UG and MSc studentsb, and Postdocscat CityU


  • V.H. Tran, S. Lim, P.J. Choi, A.K. An, D.S. Han, S. Phuntsho, H. Shon, Submerged versus side-stream osmotic membrane bioreactors using an outer-selective hollow fiber osmotic membrane for desalination, Desalination. 2021, 515, 115196. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2021.115196 (IF: 9.501)
  • S. Rehman, M. K. Islam, N.K. Khanzada, A.K. An, S. Chaiprapat, S.-Y. Leu, Whole sugar 2,3-butanediol fermentation for oil palm empty fruit bunches biorefinery by a newly isolated Klebsiella pneumoniae PM2, Bioresour. Technol. 2021, 333, 125206. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2021.125206 (IF:9.642)
  • W. Zhong, Y. Zhao, S. Chen, J. Zhong, L. Guo, D. Zheng, C. Xie, C. Ji, Y. Guo, G. Dong, F. Zhang, A.K. An, S. Li, S. Li, Resources recycle of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) wastewater 1: Effectiveness of the UF-MD hybrid system and MD process optimization, Desalination. 2021, 504, 114953. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2021.114953 (IF: 9.501)
  • D. von Eiff, P.W. Wong, Y. Gao, S. Jeong, A.K. An*, Technical and economic analysis of an advanced multi-stage flash crystallizer for the treatment of concentrated brine, Desalination. 2021, 503, 114925. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2020.114925 (IF: 9.501)
  • P.J. Choi, J.-Y. Lao, P.K.S. Lam, S.-J. Im, A. Jang, A.K. An*, Low-pressure volume retarded osmosis for removal of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, Water Res. 2021, 194, 116929. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2021.116929 (IF:11.236)
  • B.J. Deka, J. Guo, A.K. An*, Robust dual-layered omniphobic electrospun membrane with anti-wetting and anti-scaling functionalised for membrane distillation application, J. Memb. Sci. 2021, 624, 119089. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2021.119089 (IF:8.742)
  • W. Shang, X. Li, W. Liu, S. Yue, M. Li, D. von Eiff, F. Sun*, A.K. An*, Effective suppression of concentration polarization by nanofiltration membrane surface pattern manipulation: Numerical modeling based on LIF visualization, J. Memb. Sci. 2021, 622 119021. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.119021 (IF:8.742)
  • B.J. Deka, J. Guo, P.W. Wong, N.K. Khanzada, J.A. Kharraz, C.-W. Tsang, A.K. An*, A Conductive Hydrophobic Polyaniline Sandwiched Polyvinylidene Fluoride Membrane for Early Detection of Surfactant-Induced Wetting in Membrane Distillation Using Impedance, ACS Appl. Polym. Mater. 2021, 3, 679–690. doi:10.1021/acsapm.0c00991 (IF:4.089)
  • J. Guo, A. Hanif, J. Shang*, B.J. Deka, N. Zhi, A.K. An*, PAA@ZIF-8 incorporated nanofibrous membrane for high-efficiency PM2.5 capture, Chem. Eng. J. 2021, 405, 126584. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.126584 (IF:13.273)
  • B. Zhang, Q. Gu, C. Wang, Q. Gao, J. Guo, P.W. Wong, C.T. Liu, A.K. An*, Self-Assembled Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Porphyrin-Ti3C2Tx MXene Janus Membrane for Dual-Functional Enabled Photothermal Desalination, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 2021, 13, 3762–3770. doi:10.1021/acsami.0c16054 (IF:9.229)
  • M.U. Farid, J.A. Kharraz, A.K. An*, Plasmonic Titanium Nitride Nano-enabled Membranes with High Structural Stability for Efficient Photothermal Desalination, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 2021, 13, 3805–3815. doi:10.1021/acsami.0c17154 (IF:9.229)
  • W. Li, D. von Eiff*, A.K. An*, Analyzing the effects of institutional capacity on sustainable water governance, Sustain. Sci. 2021, 16, 169–181. doi:10.1007/s11625-020-00842-6 (IF:6.367)



  • X. Lv, D.Y.S. Yan, F.L.-Y. Lam*, Y.H. Ng, S. Yin, A.K. An*, Solvothermal synthesis of copper-doped BiOBr microflowers with enhanced adsorption and visible-light driven photocatalytic degradation of norfloxacin, Chem. Eng. J. 2020, 401, 126012. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.126012   (IF:13.273)
  • S. Bai, T.C. Ho, J. Ha, A.K. An, C.Y. Tso, Study of the salinity effects on the cooling and desalination performance of an adsorption cooling cum desalination system with a novel composite adsorbent, Appl. Therm. Eng. 2020, 181, 115879. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115879 (IF:5.295)
  • M.U. Farid, J.A. Kharraz, P. Wang, A.K. An*, High-efficiency solar-driven water desalination using a thermally isolated plasmonic membrane, J. Clean. Prod. 2020, 271, 122684. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122684 (9.297)
  • W. Jia, J.A. Kharraz, J. Guo, A.K. An*, Superhydrophobic (polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene)/ (polystyrene) composite membrane via a novel hybrid electrospin-electrospray process, J. Memb. Sci. 2020, 611, 118360. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118360 (IF:8.742)
  • S. Mukherjee, D. Kumari, M. Joshi, A.K. An, M. Kumar, Low-cost bio-based sustainable removal of lead and cadmium using a polyphenolic bioactive Indian curry leaf (Murraya koengii) powder, Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 2020, 226, 113471. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2020.113471 (IF:5.840)
  • J.A. Kharraz, M.U. Farid, N.K. Khanzada, B.J. Deka, H.A. Arafat, A.K. An*, Macro-corrugated and nano-patterned hierarchically structured superomniphobic membrane for treatment of low surface tension oily wastewater by membrane distillation, Water Res. 2020, 174, 115600. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.115600 (IF:11.236)
  • W. Shang, F. Sun, W. Jia, J. Guo, S. Yin, P.W. Wong, A.K. An*, High-performance nanofiltration membrane structured with enhanced stripe nano-morphology, J. Memb. Sci. 2020, 600, 117852. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.117852 (IF:8.742)
  • N.K. Khanzada, S. Rehman, S.Y. Leu, A.K. An*, Evaluation of anti-bacterial adhesion performance of polydopamine cross-linked graphene oxide RO membrane via in situ optical coherence tomography, Desalination. 2020, 479, 114339. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2020.114339 (IF: 9.501)
  • W. Shang, M. Li, L. Chen, F. Sun, W. Dong, A.K. An, Z. Dong, A fluorescence-based indicator for nanofiltration fouling propensity caused by effluent organic matter (EfOM), Process Biochem. 2020, 91, 260–270. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2019.12.017 (IF:3.757)
  • N.K. Khanzada, M.U. Farid, J.A. Kharraz, J. Choi, C.Y. Tang, L.D. Nghiem, A. Jang, A.K. An*, Removal of organic micropollutants using advanced membrane-based water and wastewater treatment: A review, J. Memb. Sci. 2020, 598. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117672 (IF:8.742)
  • W. Jia, J.A. Kharraz, P.J. Choi, J. Guo, B.J. Deka, A.K. An*, Superhydrophobic membrane by hierarchically structured PDMS-POSS electrospray coating with cauliflower-shaped beads for enhanced MD performance, J. Memb. Sci. 2020, 597, 117638. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117638 (IF:8.742)
  • J. Guo, L. Fortunato, B.J. Deka, S. Jeong, A.K. An*, Elucidating the fouling mechanism in pharmaceutical wastewater treatment by membrane distillation, Desalination. 2020, 475, 114148. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2019.114148 (IF: 9.501)
  • J.A. Kharraz, A.K. An*, Patterned superhydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes for membrane distillation: Enhanced flux with improved fouling and wetting resistance, J. Memb. Sci. 2020, 595, 117596. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117596 (IF:8.742)
  • V.M.W. Yim, A.S.W. Lo, B.J. Deka, J. Guo, J.A. Kharraz, I.T. Horváth, A.K. An*, Molecular engineering low-surface energy membranes by grafting perfluoro-tert-butoxy chains containing fluorous silica aerogels, Green Chem. 2020, 22, 3283–3295. doi:10.1039/d0gc00593b (IF:10.182)
  • B.J. Deka, J. Guo, S. Jeong, M. Kumar, A.K. An*, Emerging investigator series: Control of membrane fouling by dissolved algal organic matter using pre-oxidation with coagulation as seawater pretreatment, Environ. Sci. Water Res. Technol. 2020, 6, 935–944. doi:10.1039/c9ew00955h (IF:11.236)
  • G.K. Beh, C.T. Wang, K. Kim, J. Qu, J. Cairney, Y.H. Ng, A.K. An, R. Ryoo, A. Urakawa, W.Y. Teoh, Flame-made amorphous solid acids with tunable acidity for the aqueous conversion of glucose to levulinic acid, Green Chem. 2020, 22, 688–698. doi:10.1039/c9gc02567g (IF:10.182)



  • Deka, B.J. a, Guo, J. c, Khanzada, N.K.aAn, A. K.* Omniphobic re-entrant PVDF membrane with ZnO nanoparticles composite for desalination of low surface tension oily seawater. Water Res. 2019, 114982. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2019.114982 (IF: 7.913)
  • Guo, J. c, Lee, J.-G., Tan, T. a, Yeo, J. c, Wong, P.W. a, Ghaffour, N., An, A. K.*. Enhanced ammonia recovery from wastewater by Nafion membrane with highly porous honeycomb nanostructure and its mechanism in membrane distillation. J. Memb. Sci. 2019, 590, 117265. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117265 (IF: 7.015)
  • Guo, J.c; Yan, D.Y.S. ; Lam, L.Y; Deka, B. J.a; Lv, X; Ng, Y.H; An, A. K.* Self-cleaning BiOBr/Ag photocatalytic membrane for membrane regeneration under visible light in membrane distillation, Chem. Eng. J. 2019, 378, 122137. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2019.122137. (IF: 8.355) 
  • Yeo, J.a; Zhang, L.*; An, A. K. Estimation of energy efficiency for educational buildings in Hong Kong, J. Clean. Prod. 2019, 235, 453-460. (IF: 6.395)
  • Guo, J.c; Deka, B. J.a; Kim, K.JcAn, A. K.* Regeneration of superhydrophobic TiO2 electrospun membranes in seawater desalination by water flushing in membrane distillation Desalination 2019, 468,114054. (IF: 6.035)
  • Yeo, J.a; Chopra, S. S.*; Zhang, L.; An, A. K.* Life cycle assessment (LCA) of food waste treatment in Hong Kong: On-site fermentation methodology. J. Environ. Manage. 2019240 (August 2018), 343–351. (IF: 4.865)
  • Deka, B. J.a; Lee, E. Jc; Guo, J.c; Kharraz, J.aAn, A. K.* Electrospun nanofiber membranes incorporating PDMS-aerogel superhydrophobic coating with enhanced flux and improved anti-wettability in membrane distillation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2019, 53, 4948-4958. (IF: 7.149)
  • Farid, M. U.a; Khanzada, N. K.aAn, A. K.* Understanding fouling dynamics on functionalized CNT-based membranes: Mechanisms and reversibility. Desalination 2019, 456 (January), 74–84. (IF: 6.035)
  • Yeo, J.a; Oh, J.; Cheung, H. H. L.; Lee, P. K. H.; An, A. K.* Smart Food Waste Recycling Bin (S-FRB) to turn food waste into green energy resources. J. Environ. Manage. 2019, 234 (November 2018), 290–296. (IF: 4.865)
  • Ali, S.; Rehman, S. A. U.; Shah, I. A.; Farid, M. U.a; An, A. K.; Huang, H.* Efficient removal of zinc from water and wastewater effluents by hydroxylated and carboxylated carbon nanotube membranes: Behaviors and mechanisms of dynamic filtration. J. Hazard. Mater. 2019, 365, 64–73. (IF: 7.650)
  • Lee, E.-J.c; Deka, B. J.aAn, A. K.* Reinforced superhydrophobic membrane coated with aerogel-assisted polymeric microspheres for membrane distillation. J. Membr. Sci. 2019, 573, 570–578. (IF: 7.015)



  • Guo, J.a; Li, Z.; Su, L.; Tsang, Y.-F.; An, A.; Yu, C.-F.* Optimization of acid pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis on the production of ethanol fuel from waste banana peels. Energy Environ. 2018, 29 (8), 1354–1364. (IF: 1.092)
  • Farid, M. U.a; Guo, J.aAn, A. K.* Bacterial inactivation and in situ monitoring of biofilm development on graphene oxide membrane using optical coherence tomography. J. Membr. Sci. 2018, 564, 22–34. (IF: 7.015)
  • Yu, Y.; Zhang, S.; An, A. K.; Furumai, H.* Simple Method for Calculating Hydraulic Behavior of Combined Sewer Overflow from Rainfall Event Data. J. Water Resour. Plan. Manag. 2018, 144 (10), 04018061. (IF: 3.404)
  • Deka, B. J.a; Jeong, S.; Tabatabai, S. A. A.; An, A. K.* Mitigation of algal organic matter released from Chaetoceros affinis and Hymenomonas by in situ generated ferrate. Chemosphere 2018, 206, 718–726. (IF: 5.108)
  • Guo, J.a; Farid, M. U.a; Lee, E.-J.c; Yan, D. Y.-S.; Jeong, S.; An, A. K.* Fouling behavior of negatively charged PVDF membrane in membrane distillation for removal of antibiotics from wastewater. J. Membr. Sci. 2018, 551, 12–19. (IF: 7.015)
  • Yi, S.; Jang, Y.-C.; An, A. K.* Potential for energy recovery and greenhouse gas reduction through waste-to-energy technologies. J. Clean. Prod. 2018, 176, 503–511. (IF: 6.395)
  • Gogoi, A.; Mazumder, P.; Tyagi, V. K.; Tushara Chaminda, G. G.; An, A. K.; Kumar, M.* Occurrence and fate of emerging contaminants in water environment: A review. Groundw. Sustain. Dev. 2018, 6, 169–180. 
  • Farid, M. U.a; Jeong, S.; Seo, D. H.; Lau, C.; Ahmed, R.; Gali, N. K.; Ning, Z.; An, A. K.* Mechanistic insight on the in vitro toxicity of graphene oxide against biofilm forming bacteria using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Nanoscale 2018, 10, 4475–4487. (IF: 6.970)



  • Lee, E.-J.c; Deka, B. J.a; Guo, J.a; Woo, Y. C.; Shon, H. K.; An, A. K.* Engineering the Re-Entrant Hierarchy and Surface Energy of PDMS-PVDF Membrane for Membrane Distillation Using a Facile and Benign Microsphere Coating. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2017, 51 (17), 10117–10126. (IF: 7.149)
  • Dong, Y. H.; An, A. K.*; Yan, Y. S.; Yi, S. Hong Kong’s greenhouse gas emissions from the waste sector and its projected changes by integrated waste management facilities. J. Clean. Prod. 2017, 149, 690–700. (IF: 6.395)
  • Woo, Y. C.; Tijing, L. D.; Park, M. J.; Yao, M.; Choi, J.-S.; Lee, S.; Kim, S.-H.; An, A.K.; Shon, H. K.* Electrospun dual-layer nonwoven membrane for desalination by air gap membrane distillation. Desalination 2017, 403, 187–198. (IF: 6.035)
  • An, A. K.*; Lee, E.-J.c; Guo, J. a; Jeong, S.; Lee, J.-G.; Ghaffour, N.; Enhanced vapor transport in membrane distillation via functionalized carbon nanotubes anchored into electrospun nanofibres. Sci. Rep. 2017, 7, 41562. (IF: 4.011)
  • Farid, M. U.a; Luan, H.-Y. Y.; Wang, Y.; Huang, H.*; An, A. K.; Jalil Khan, R. Increased adsorption of aqueous zinc species by Ar/O2 plasma-treated carbon nanotubes immobilized in hollow-fiber ultrafiltration membrane. Chem. Eng. J. 2017, 325, 239–248. (IF: 8.355)
  • Wu, J.bAn, A. K.*; Guo, J.a; Lee, E.-J.c; Farid, M. U.a; Jeong, S. CNTs reinforced super-hydrophobic-oleophilic electrospun polystyrene oil sorbent for enhanced sorption capacity and reusability. Chem. Eng. J2017, 314, 526–536. (IF: 8.355)
  • Lee, E.-J. cAn, A. K.*; Hadi, P.c; Lee, S.; Woo, Y. C.; Shon, H. K. Advanced multi-nozzle electrospun functionalized titanium dioxide/polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene (TiO2/PVDF-HFP) composite membranes for direct contact membrane distillation. J. Membr. Sci. 2017, 524, 712–720. (IF: 7.015)
  • Chen, Y.; Tian, M.; Li, X.; Wang, Y.; An, A. K.; Fang, J.; He, T.* Anti-wetting behavior of negatively charged superhydrophobic PVDF membranes in direct contact membrane distillation of emulsified wastewaters. J. Membr. Sci. 2017, 535, 230–238. (IF: 7.015)
  • An, A. K.*; Guo, J.a; Lee, E.-J.c; Jeong, S.; Zhao, Y.; Wang, Z.; Leiknes, T. PDMS/PVDF hybrid electrospun membrane with superhydrophobic property and drop impact dynamics for dyeing wastewater treatment using membrane distillation. J. Membr. Sci. 2017, 525, 57–67. (IF: 7.015)
  • Lee, J.-G.; Lee, E.-J.c; Jeong, S.; Guo, J.a; An, A. K.*; Guo, H.; Kim, J.; Leiknes, T.; Ghaffour, N. Theoretical modeling and experimental validation of transport and separation properties of carbon nanotube electrospun membrane distillation. J. Membr. Sci. 2017, 526, 395–408. (IF: 7.015)



  • Lee, E.-J.cAn, A. K.*; He, T.; Woo, Y. C.; Shon, H. K. Electrospun nanofiber membranes incorporating fluorosilane-coated TiO2 nanocomposite for direct contact membrane distillation. J. Membr. Sci. 2016, 520, 145–154. (IF: 7.015)
  • Gogoi, A.; Tushara Chaminda, G. G.; An, A. K.; Snow, D. D.; Li, Y.; Kumar, M.* Influence of ligands on metal speciation, transport and toxicity in a tropical river during wet (monsoon) period. Chemosphere 2016, 163, 322–333. (IF: 5.108, Citations: 14)
  • An, A. K.*; Guo, J.a; Jeong, S.; Lee, E. J.c; Tabatabai, S. A. A.; Leiknes, T. O. High flux and antifouling properties of negatively charged membrane for dyeing wastewater treatment by membrane distillation. Water Res. 2016, 103, 362–371. (IF: 7.913)
  • Jung, J.; Shin, Y.; Choi, Y.-J.; Sohn, J.; Lee, S.*; An, A. K. Hydrophobic surface modification of membrane distillation (MD) membranes using water-repelling polymer based on urethane rubber. Desalin. Water Treat. 2016, 57 (22), 10031–10041. (IF: 1.234)
  • Lee, E.-J.cAn, A. K.*; Hadi, P.c; Yan, D. Y. S.; Kim, H.-S. A mechanistic study of in situ chemical cleaning-in-place for a PTFE flat sheet membrane: Fouling mitigation and membrane characterization. Biofouling 2016, 32 (3). (IF: 2.847)
  • Lee, E.-J.cAn, A. K.*; Hadi, P.c; Yan, D. Y. S. Characterizing flat sheet membrane resistance fraction of chemically enhanced backflush. Chem. Eng. J. 2016, 284, 61–67. (IF: 8.355)



  • An, A. K.*; Lam, Y. F.; Hao, S.; Morakinyo, T. E.; Furumai, H. Multi-purpose rainwater harvesting for water resource recovery and the cooling effect. Water Res. 2015, 86, 116–121. (IF: 7.913)
  • Xu, M.; Hadi, P.c; Ning, C.; Barford, J.; An, K. J.; McKay, G.* Aluminosilicate-based adsorbent in equimolar and non-equimolar binary-component heavy metal removal systems. Water Sci. Technol. 2015, 72 (12), 2166–2178. (IF: 1.624)
  • Jiang, Z.; Tijing, L. D.; Amarjargal, A.; Park, C. H.; An, A. K.; Shon, H. K.*; Kim, C. S. Removal of oil from water using magnetic bicomponent composite nanofibers fabricated by electrospinning. Compos. Part B Eng. 2015, 77, 311–318. (IF: 6.864)
  • Hadi, P.c; Yeung, K. Y.; Barford, J.; An, K. J.; McKay, G.* Significance of “effective” surface area of activated carbons on elucidating the adsorption mechanism of large dye molecules. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 2015, 3 (2), 1029–1037. (
  • Hadi, P.c; Yeung, K. Y.; Barford, J.; An, K. J.; McKay, G.* Significance of microporosity on the interaction of phenol with porous graphitic carbon. Chem. Eng. J. 2015, 269, 20–26. (IF: 8.355)
  • Lee, J.; Kurisu, K.; An, A. K.; Hanaki, K.* Development of the compact city index and its application to Japanese cities. Urban Stud. 2015, 52 (6), 1054–1070. (IF: 3.272)

Book Chapters

  • B.J. Deka, V. Bohra, W. Alam, S. Sanasam, J. Guo, L. Borana, A.K. An*, Environment Impact Assessment of COVID-19, in: Integr. Risk Pandemic Covid-19 Impacts, Resil. Recomm., Springer Singapore, 2020: pp. 169–195. doi:10.1007/978-981-15-7679-9_8.
  • Borana, B.J. Deka, J. Guo, A.K. An*, Environment Modeling for Sustainable Development, in: Sustainability, John Wiley &Sons, Ltd, 2020: pp. 229–253. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119434016.ch11.
  • Kharraz, Jehad A., Muhammad Usman Farid, David von Eiff, Yonggang Gao, Zhiwei Shi, and A.K. An*. "hybrid configuration of membrane distillation: vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation." in membrane distillation: Materials and Processes. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2020.
  • Book chapter contribution: ‘Hybrid configuration of Membrane Distillation’ in Membrane Distillation: Materials, Processes and Application edited by Prof. Young Moo Lee and Prof. Enrico Drioli, Nova Science Publishers. (Currently under preparation and expected to be published in 2020)  
  • Book chapter contribution: ‘Nanofibers membrane for Membrane Distillation’ in Membrane distillation: membranes, hybrid systems and pilot studies edited by Kang-Jia Lu, Tai-Shung Chung, Taylor & Francis. (In press, 2019)
Staff Image
Ir Dr. Alicia K.J. AN
Contact Information
Office: YEUNG-B5425
Phone: +(852)-3442-9626
Fax: +(852)-3442-0688
Email: alicia.kjan@cityu.edu.hk
Water and Membrane Technologies

Time slots for consultation

Research Interests
  • Seawater desalination using membrane technology: Reverse osmosis (RO), membrane distillation (MD), forward osmosis (FO), and hybrid process
  • Emerging technologies such as MD, FO, and Crystallizer for wastewater treatment and resource recovery
  • Membrane fabrication and characterization
  • Membrane-based technologies for removing emerging pollutants