The Healthy Settings Approach in Hong Kong: Sustainable Development for Population Health
Using the Healthy Settings Approach to facilitate the “right to health”, this book argues that promoting health in multiple and varied settings concurrently will ensure healthy living throughout the community and, ultimately, the world. The author uses real life experiences from different countries, with a focus on Hong Kong, and discusses many initiatives that have been enacted (although not widely reported in some cases). Each chapter draws on this evidence and translates the healthy settings framework into daily practice, thus providing guidance in synergising actions across different contexts and offering essential insight for educators, researchers, and professionals across countless disciplines.
The Healthy Settings Approach in Hong Kong: Sustainable Development for Population Health is the second book in the Healthy Settings Series, which focuses on the upstream, midstream, and downstream approaches for improving population health and reducing health inequity in various settings and contexts.
Notwithstanding the increasing expenditures to healthcare services, we are still observing health inequalities within communities as well as inequities between high-income (HI) and low-middle-income (LMI) countries. Investments in healthcare systems have largely ignored social structure, especially when it comes to providing services to vulnerable populations. Like developed countries in the West, developing countries also struggle with the burden of chronic diseases but at an even faster pace. Meanwhile, communicable diseases still pose a big health burden in both HI and LMI countries, and the impact of globalisation on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and mental health in LMI countries has been minimal.
Contemporary society exposes people to more health risk factors, and failure to recognise the importance of non-health-sector contributions to health improvement places a greater burden on conventional health care providers. Subsidised or free health services for LMI countries would only solve immediate concerns and ignore the local culture and social contexts that lead to inequitable distribution of health. Such efforts treat symptoms rather than the cause and may ultimately have a negative impact on the system of governance in the future.
There is a global aspiration for all citizens to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health. However, the standard varies in different parts of the world, and there is a need for a universal standard to be established. The Healthy Settings Approach provides social structures so people can participate in healthy activities in the context of their daily lives. This approach facilitates the “right to health” as it argues for investments that address multiple determinants of health at all levels of society.
Chapter 1 The Settings Approach for Health Promotion: How Does It Work?
Chapter 2 The Healthy City Concept and Evaluation Framework
Chapter 3 SPIRIT Framework and City Health Profile: Concepts and Case Studies
Chapter 4 Using a City’s Health Profile to Conduct a Post-modern Analysis of Health and Urbanisation: A Tale of Two Hong Kong Districts in Different Phases of Urban Development
Chapter 5 Health-promoting Schools: Key Elements and the Framework for Monitoring and Evaluation
Chapter 6 The Significance of Student Health and Health-promoting School Effectiveness in Hong Kong
Chapter 7 Health-promoting Workplaces: Concept, Evaluation, and Monitoring
Chapter 8 Health-promoting Healthcare Organisations: Hong Kong Case Studies
Chapter 9 How Can the Healthy Settings Approach Prevent Childhood Obesity? Views of Parents in Hong Kong and Scotland
Chapter 10 The Right to Health Promotion: Revisiting the Healthy Settings Approach
Chapter 11 Concluding Remarks and the Close of City-super’s Story