Evaluation of the C.Y Leung Administration

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“Did C. Y. Leung achieve his goals? Did he perform his duty to the Hong Kong people as their third Chief Executive?”

To answer these questions, this book presents a rational, research-based critique of the C. Y. Leung Administration (2012 - 2017). It is a sweeping and original publication that covers various aspects of governance, including politics, economics, healthcare, human rights, civil service, housing, urban planning, youth, and Legislative Council elections as well as Hong Kong’s relationships with Taiwan, Mainland China, and Western countries. Written by a team of expert authors from various fields, this book is one of the first comprehensive academic discourses on the issues this administration faced while in office.

The first chapter sets the tone of the book, with the subsequent chapters providing additional details confirming the general conclusions of the authors concerning the C. Y. Leung Administration. Written for scholars and community members interested in Hong Kong governance, this anthology presents a complex and comprehensive critique of one specific Chief Executive’s period of influence and how his administration’s policies still affect the Hong Kong community today.
Pub. Date
Jun 1, 2020
750 pages
152 x 229 mm
Notably, the text uses the terms “Occupy Central Campaign”, “Occupation Campaign”, and the “Umbrella Movement”. The “Occupy Central Campaign” was the name used by Benny Tai and his political group during the planning stages of the movement and early deliberations. When the actual campaign was launched, the occupation primarily occurred in Admiralty, Mong Kok, and Causeway Bay. Thus, the more general term “Occupation Campaign” was used. Media photos during the campaign gave rise to the term “Umbrella Movement”, referring to the many groups that emerged after the campaign was launched as well as their activities, ideas, and demands. In some regards, the terms are interchangeable, but do, in fact, refer to particular aspects or events during the campaign. As these terms are often confused, they require clarification.

I am most grateful to the City University of Hong Kong Press for inviting this assessment of the C. Y. Leung administration and for me to act as its editor. This book, together with The Hong Kong Special Administration Region in Its First Decade (published in 2007) and Evaluating the Tsang Years 2005–2012 (published in 2013), which I also edited, contribute to a better understanding of the developments in the territory in the first two decades post-handover. Academic discourse between experts of diverse fields will undoubtedly leave an imprint on Hong Kong’s history, and I am proud to be a part of these endeavours.

I realise I may not be able to repeat a similar analysis of the Carrie Lam administration, depending on whether she seeks to serve more than one term. I would, therefore, like to take this opportunity to thank all the contributors in this and previous publications for their support, cooperation, tolerance, and valuable contributions. Thanks are also due to City University of Hong Kong Press for their expertise and professionalism throughout the publication process.

Joseph Yu-shek CHENG
May 2020

1. Overall Evaluation of the C. Y. Leung Administration

    Joseph Yu-shek CHENG

2. Politicisation of the Civil Service under the C. Y. Leung Administration: Unprecedented Control

    Wilson Wai Ho WONG and Raymond Hau-yin YUEN

3. The Implications of the Legislative Oaths Cases on Hong Kong's Rule of Law

     Matthew Chuen Ngai TANG

4. Sources of Electoral Support for Pro-Establishment Parties in the 2016 Legislative Council Election

     Stan Hok-wui WONG, Kelvin Chun-man CHAN, Karl HO, and Harold D. CLARKE

5. Human Rights Recession under C. Y. Leung

     Nok Hin AU and Ngok MA

6. Mainland-Hong Kong Relations: The Growing Conflict

     Chris YEUNG

7. Hong Kong-Taiwan Relations in the C. Y. Leung Administration: The End of Strategic Ambiguity?

     Adrian Chi-yeung CHIU and Kam-yee LAW

8. Hong Kong's Role as a Mediator between China and the West: Changes under C. Y. Leung's Administration

     Hak Yin LI

9. What Changed from the Tung Administration to the Leung Administration? A Retrospective Assessment of Hong Kong's External Relations

     Simon SHEN and Wilson CHAN

10. Hong Kong's Economic Situation under C. Y. Leung

     Stephen Yuen Shan WONG

11. Technology-based Development and Heightened Integration with Mainland China: C. Y. Leung's Economic Ambition

     Yin-wah CHU

12. Are Experiences Gained by Hong Kong in East-West Turbulences Being Squandered by China and the World?

     Ching Tin HUNG

13. Economic Localism in the World's Freest Economy: Public Discourse Concerning Chinese Economic Influence in Hong Kong during the C. Y. Leung Administration

     Chi Kit CHAN

14. The Making of Anti-Mainland Protests into a Social Movement for Independence: Constraints and Potential

     Ping Lam IP and Alvin Y. SO

15. The Anti-National Education Movement in Hong Kong: A Struggle for Freedom of Thought and One Country, Two Systems

     Ming SING

16. Youth Policy During the C. Y. Leung Administration

     Steven Chung-fun HUNG

17. The Controversy over Liberal Studies and Youth Activism under the C. Y. Leung Administration

     Eric King-man CHONG

18. Urban and Regional Planning: Continued Blindness to Local and Regional Ecological and Social Contexts during the C. Y. Leung Administration

     Mee Kam NG

19. Housing in the Era of C. Y. Leung

     Adrienne LA GRANGE and Yung YAU

20. Housing for the Poor

     Ngai Ming YIP and Kin-kwok LAI

21. The Health Care Conundrum

     Grace CHENG

22. C. Y. Leung's Policy Address Agenda and Characteristics: Analysis and Comparison

     Clement Y. K. SO

23. The Hong Kong Catholic Church under C. Y. Leung

     Beatrice K. F. LEUNG

Joseph Yu-shek CHENG is a retired Professor of Political Science and Coordinator of the Contemporary China Research Project, City University of Hong Kong. He is the founding editor of the Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences and the Journal of Comparative Asian Development. As a researcher and writer, he publishes widely on the political developments in China and Hong Kong, Chinese foreign policy, and development in southern China. His recent publications include China’s Japan Policy: Adjusting to New Challenges (2015), The Use of Mao and the Chongqing Model (2015), China’s Foreign Policy (2016), The Development of Guangdong (2018), and Multilateral Approach in China’s Foreign Policy (2018).