Li metal is considered as the “Holy Grail” of energy storage systems. The bright prospects give rise to worldwide interests in the metallic Li for the next generation energy storage systems, including highly considered rechargeable metallic Li batteries such as Li-O2 and Li-sulfur (Li–S) batteries. However, the formation of Li dendrites induced by inhomogeneous distribution of current density on the Li metal anode and the concentration gradient of Li ions at the electrolyte/electrode interface is a crucial issue that hinders the practical demonstration of high-energy-density metallic Li batteries.
In this talk, we review energy chemistry of lithium metal anode in safe batteries. Firstly, the importance and dilemma of Li metal anode issues in lithium–sulfur batteries are underscored, aiming to arouse the attentions to Li metal anode protection. Specific attentions are paid to the surface chemistry of Li metal anode. Next, the proposed strategies to stabilize solid electrolyte interface and protect Li metal anode are included. Finally, a general conclusion and a perspective on the current limitations, as well as recommended future research directions of Li metal anode in rechargeable batteries are presented.
Prof Zhang Qiang received his bachelor and Ph.D. degree from Tsinghua University in 2004 and 2009, respectively. After a stay in Case Western Reserve University, USA, and Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Germany, he joined in Tsinghua University at 2011. He held the Newton Advanced Fellowship from Royal Society, UK and the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars. His current research interests are advanced energy materials, including lithium metal anode, lithium sulfur batteries, and electrocatalysis. He is invited/adjudicative referee for Nature Energy, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Catalysis, Sci. Adv. JACS, Adv. Mater. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., and so on. He is editor of Journal of Energy Chemistry, Guest Editor of Advanced Functional Materials for Li-S batteries and Energy Storage Materials for Li metal anode. His citation is over 23000 times and his h-index is 81 now. More details can be found in his Research ID (B-1799-2012) and ORCID (0000-0002-3929-1541).
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