In discharging its responsibilities of maintaining monetary and financialstability in Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) relies on timely and accurate information about matters such as the flows of funds in the Hong Kong dollar market, current macroeconomic developments and outlook and the health of the banking sector. To obtain this information the staff of the HKMA continuously analyses incoming data on economic growth, price inflation, interest rates, and asset prices; maintains close contacts with actors in financial markets; and examines the activities of the financial institutions over which it has regulatory responsibility.
One of the functions of our economic research is to provide background analysis that allows us to interpret the data we receive in a manner that is informative for an assessment of the state of monetary and financial stability. The results of this analysis are presented in research papersintended both for internal consumption and to inform the general public and researchers elsewhere about our views on the forces that determine the evolution of Hong Kong’s economy.
The papers collected in this volume are representative of the kind of analysis that is produced by our research staff. They examine the economic integration between Hong Kong and the Mainland and its impact on our economy through both trade and financial market channels. As our economic relations with the Mainland intensify, it is important to understand the possible implications for the stability of our linked exchange rate system, for our growth prospects, and for the development and stability of our financial markets.
The conclusions that can be drawn from this research help clarify a number of issues that have received considerable interest in Hong Kong. For example, it is often suggested that the strengthening of the renminbi relative to the Hong Kong dollar we have witnessed during the past two to three years will bring about significant inflationary pressures in Hong Kong dueto higher prices of imports from the Mainland. One of the papers in the volume concludes that the impact is significantly weaker than commonly believed, because imports from the Mainland for domestic use are much smaller than is frequently alleged. In addition, as I have had occasion topoint out in one of my Viewpoint articles, the pass-through of exchange rate changes to domestic prices is much less than one-for-one.*
Another example where thorough analysis calls into question widely held perceptions relates to the synchronisation of business cycle fluctuations in Hong Kong and the Mainland. In the chapter entitled “Hong Kong’s Economic Integration and Business Cycle Synchronisation with MainlandChina and the US” the authors document that while it is indeed true that co-movements of business cycles in Hong Kong and the Mainland have increased steadily since the 1990s, this is mostly due to the common influence of the US on both economies. It follows that the link of the HongKong dollar with the US dollar continues to be well supported by economic fundamentals.Other chapters in the volume deal with the increasingly important financial linkages between the Mainland and Hong Kong, showing, among other things, the potential importance of our market for portfolio capital outflows from the Mainland once restrictions on these movements are reducedfurther, and that Mainland-related factors have an impact on the deviations of our short-term interest rates from the corresponding US dollar rates.
As I noted at the outset, the availability of in-depth analysis exemplified by the papers included in this volume is important for the Hong Kong Monetary Authority in carrying out its mandate to preserve monetary and financial stability in Hong Kong. I hope that readers will find the papersuseful also as a guide to how the HKMA views the relationships and forces that determine the evolution of the Hong Kong economy, and that this volume will encourage other researchers to carry out similar studies thus contributing to a healthy discussion of the important economic issues thataffect us all.
Hong Kong Monetary Authority
* Exchange rate pass-through to domestic inflation. 3 April, 2008.
Macroeconomic Linkages between Hong Kong and Mainland China
Economic integration between Hong Kong and Mainland China is a topic of great interest among both policy circles and the academia. This book is a collection of relevant research papers of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority in the past two years, which study the economic integration process between Hong Kong and the Mainland from different perspectives, including linkages through both the trade and financial market channels.
This volume sheds light on the important policy issues facing both Hong Kong and the Mainland, including how resilient the Hong Kong economy is against external shocks, how large portfolio capital outflows from China will be once its capital account is liberalized, and in what ways fund flows between Hong Kong and the Mainland affect Hong Kong’s monetary and financial conditions. With 11 essays, this monograph can be divided into 2 parts. Part I studies the “real” linkages between Hong Kong and the Mainland, while Part II focuses on the financial linkages. A detailed introduction written by the editors will serve as a non-technical summary of the essays.
The rigorous analysis in the volume is in line with the professional standards set by researchers in the major central banks, yet the style is not overly technical, and should be accessible to readers with a general background in economics, social and political sciences.
Jul 1, 2008
185 x 260 mm
In discharging its responsibilities of maintaining monetary and financialstability in Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) relies on timely and accurate information about matters such as the flows of funds in the Hong Kong dollar market, cur
Foreword —Joseph YAM
- The Macroeconomic Impact on Hong Kong of HypotheticalMainland Shocks
—Dong HE, Chang SHU, Raymond YIP and Wendy CHENG
- Hong Kong’s Economic Integration and Business CycleSynchronisation with Mainland China and the US
—Hans GENBERG, Li-gang LIU and Xiangrong JIN
- Hong Kong’s Trade Patterns and Trade Elasticities
—Li-gang LIU, Kelvin FAN and Jimmy SHEK
- Service Exports: The Next Engine of Growth for Hong Kong?
—Frank LEUNG, Kevin ChOW, Jessica SZETO and Dickson TAM
- How Much of Hong Kong’s Import from Mainland China isRetained for Domestic Use?
—Frank LEUNG and Kevin CHOW
- Cross-Border Fund Flows and Hong Kong Banks’ ExternalTransactions vis-à-vis Mainland China
—Joanna SHI and Andrew TSANG
- How Do Macroeconomic Developments in Mainland China Affect Hong Kong’s Short-term Interest Rates?
—Dong HE, Frank LEUNG and Philip NG
- Outward Portfolio Investment from Mainland China: HowMuch Do We Expect and How Large a Share Can Hong KongExpect to Capture?
—Lillian CHEUNG, Kevin CHOW, Jian CHANG and Unias LI
- Share Price Disparity in Chinese Stock Markets
—Tom FONG, Alfred WONG and Ivy YONG
- Price Convergence between Dual-listed A and H Shares
—Wensheng PENG, Hui MIAO and Nathan CHOW