Challenges and Policy Programmes of China’s New Leadership
This volume tries to analyze the new leadership’s perceptions of the challenges facing it, how it defines its priorities, builds up political support for its policy programmes and overcomes the resistance of vested interests. Attempts will also be made to evaluate its achievements so far.
This edited volume involves a team of China experts contributing chapters on their respective areas of expertise. It is hoped that it will serve as an attractive reference book for China courses at the undergraduate level in local and Western universities. It also aims to serve as a useful and convenient reference for the general public such as bankers, business executives and journalists interested in China.
Jean-Philippe BÉJA, David CHAN, Gerald CHAN, Lai-Ha CHAN, Sylvia CHAN,
Joseph Y. S. CHEUNG, Yingjie GUO, Guoping JIANG, Mobo KAO,
Charles C. L. KWONG, Willy Wo-Lap LAM, Pak K. LEE, Beatrice K. F. LEUNG,
Guoli LIU, Tit Wing LO, Colin MACKERRAS, Raymond NGAN, Alvin Y. SO,
Guiguo WANG, Marcus J. J. WANG, Linda WONG, Ray YEP, Ji YOU,
China’s economic development has certainly been impressive in recent years. But the leadership is aware of the challenges and sharpening contradictions involved. At this stage, the emphases are on sustainable development and improvement in efficiency. It understands that the gaps among regions, between the coastal and interior provinces, between the urban and rural sectors, and between the rich and poor have been widening, hence its appeal for the establishment of a harmonious society. The state is ready to allocate more resources to help the under-privileged; and given its much increased revenues and foreign exchange reserves, it can afford to improve the quality and coverage of the social security system. But the leadership has no plan for democratic reforms, and will not accept any erosion of the Party’s monopoly of political power. In fact, it has stepped up pressure on the mass media, the non-governmental organizations, and the dissidents.
This edited volume involves a team of China experts contributing chapters on their respective areas of expertise. It is hoped that it will serve as a good starting-point for informed discussions, and therefore will be an attractive reference book for China courses at the undergraduate level in local and Western universities. It also aims to serve as a useful and convenient reference for the general public such as bankers, business executives and journalists interested in China.
Finally, I would like to take this opportunity to thank the staff of the City University of Hong Kong Press for their hard work and dedication throughout the publication process, especially Mr. Patrick Kwong, the director, who has offered much valuable advice and assistance. Thanks are also due to all the authors for their support and co-operation, especially in meeting the numerous deadlines set within a tight editorial schedule. Last but not least, this book would have been impossible without the valuable contributions from my colleagues at the Contemporary China Research Project, City University of Hong Kong.
Joseph Y.S. Cheng
- Introduction: Economic Growth and New Challenges
- The Traits and Political Orientation of China’s Fifth-generation Leadership
- Plus Ça Change, Plus C’est la Même Chose: Political Reform in Rural China
- Managing Rights Talk in the “Harmonious Society”
- The State and Labour Insurgency in Post-socialist China: Implication for Development
- Conditionality for China’s Peaceful Rise
- Foreign Policy of a Rising Power: Is China a Threat or Is It a Responsible State?
- How China Deals with the “China Threat” Perception
- The Challenges of China’s Peaceful Development
- The PLA’s Missile Force and Its Anti-NMD Initiatives
- Non-traditional Security Threats in China: Challenges of Energy Shortage and Infectious Diseases
- Problems in Social Security Development: Challenges and Policy Reforms
- The Emergence of Non-state Welfare in China: Performance and Prospects for Civilian-run Care Homes for Elders
- Where is China’s Rural Economy Heading for: A Brighter Future or Problems Unsolved?
- The Question of Land: An Alternative Model of Modernity?
- Fiscal Reforms, Rural Tension and Prospect for Stability
- China’s Ethnic Minorities: Policy and Challenges under the Fourth-generation Leadership
- The Triangular Relations among China, Taiwan and the Vatican: A Taiwan Perspective
- The Impact of Globalisation on the Educational Developments in China: Policy and Challenges
- Hu Jintao’s Policy towards Intellectuals: Enlightenment, Deception, Disappointment
- Interpreting Inequality and Crime in China: A Social and Cultural Capital Perspective