Dr. Carol LIN

Education
PhD, Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Manchester (formerly UMIST), England. Title of PhD thesis: “Succinic acid production from low-cost sustainable raw materials using green processing strategies” Supervisor: Professor Colin Webb Ba
Staff title
Associate Professor

Dr. Carol Lin is an Associate Professor in the School of Energy and Environment at the City University of Hong Kong.  She was a Visiting Assistant Professor at the Bioengineering Program in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the HKUST from January 2010 to June 2011. Prior to this, she was a postdoctoral researcher in the research group of Professor Wim Soetaert at the Centre of Expertise – Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis (InBio.be) at the Ghent University in Belgium.  She worked in a project titled ‘‘Optimalisation and scale up for succinate production using genetically modified Escherichia coli’.  It was the last phase of a collaborative project titled the “Metabolic engineering and dynamic modelling of Escherichia coli for the production of chemicals from renewable resources” (MEMORE) project.

Carol graduated in Chemical and Materials Engineering from the University of Auckland, New Zealand with a 1st class honours degree.  Her PhD was carried out within the Satake Centre for Grain Process Engineering (SCGPE) in the School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science at the University of Manchester, England.  In collaboration with the Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence at the University of York, her research focused on novel wheat-based biorefining strategies for the production of succinic acid.

Her recent work on 'Starbucks Biorefinery' strategy for sustainable production of succinic acid has been highlighted by the American Chemical Society (ACS) in the 244th meeting in Philadelphia, USA as well as in numerous high profile media venues such as Time Magazine (US Edition), BBC News, CNN and the South China Morning Post in Hong Kong.

Dr. Lin is also editorial board member of several biotechnology and energy related journals. She has published over 130 papers with several scientific manuscripts in top impact factor journals including Chemical Society Reviews, Energy and Environmental Sciences; editor of 3 books, co-authored 13 book chapters and published 6 patents. She gave over 100 oral presentations including 12 key-note and 5 plenary talk in the following countries: Australia, Belgium, China, Colombia, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Serbia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, the UK and USA.

Other Information

Editorial Board

Guest Editors

Research Interests

There is a growing demand to establish biotechnology-based processes for material, chemical and fuel production which can decrease our dependency on dwindling oil reserves and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These novel bioprocesses are incorporated into biorefineries, which are integral units converting different renewable-derived feedstocks into a range of useful products as diverse as those from petroleum using environmentally friendly technologies. A number of agricultural-based biorefinery processes have been developed and realised at commercial scale since the past decade. At the same time there are growing concerns over organic waste generation and insufficient resource supply due to the ever-increasing global population and the cradle-to-grave system of material flows in the linear economy.

Therefore, the research in our team aimed at valorising organic waste materials through bioconversion processes to recover their inherent nutrients for transformation into value-added products. Waste-based biorefinery not only provides a means for waste treatment, but also promotes the development of a circular economy by valorising wastes into high-value products. As part of this goal, the recent projects conducted in our group mainly focused on the development of integrated biorefinery strategies to valorise food and textile wastes. Due to the different characteristics of the waste materials, the bio-processes were specifically designed and demonstrated in laboratory- and pilot-scales, accompanied with techno-economic assessment for evaluation of technical and economic feasibility.

Positions Available

Postdoctoral Fellow in the field of Waste and Biomass Valorisation at the School of Energy and Environment

  • Duties

    The appointee will be involved in an interdisciplinary waste and biomass valorisation project that encompasses biocatalysis, fermentation and downstream processing.

  • Requirements

    A recent Ph.D. in biochemical engineering, microbiology, green chemistry or a related discipline. Candidates should be familiar with fermentation technique and have a strong background in laboratory and computational skills. Strong oral and written communication skills in English and the ability to work in a multi-disciplinary team are essential.

  • Application

    To apply, please submit your CV to Dr. Carol Lin at carollin@cityu.edu.hk . Review of applications will begin immediately and applications will be accepted until the position is filled. Salary offered will be highly competitive, commensurate with qualifications and experience. Contract duration is for one year and can be renewed subject to performance. For more information, please email Dr. Carol Lin. Only short-listed candidates will be contacted.

City University of Hong Kong is an equal opportunity employer and we are committed to the principle of diversity. We encourage applications from all qualified candidates, especially applicants who will enhance the diversity of our staff.

Videos

Textile Waste Recycling Using a Biological Method


Innovative green technology capable of recycling mixed textile waste developed by a researcher from the School of Energy and Environment (SEE) at City University of Hong Kong (CityU) and her research team has won a Gold Medal at the 46th International Exhibition of Inventions of Geneva.

Conversion of food waste into polylactic acid fibre (PLA)


Conversion of food waste into polylactic acid fibre (PLA) - Gold medal with jury's commendation of the 44 International Exhibition of Inventions Geneva This is a novel biological process using food waste as the raw material to produce PLA fibre. The technology uses a fermentation process to yield lactic acid. This is then polymerized and spun into fibre. PLA is biodegradable and so the final textile product will degrade to H2O and CO2 after its useful life.

List of Selected Publications

2021

  • Li, C., Ong, K.L., Cui, Z., Sang, Z., Li, X., Patria, R.D., Qi, Q., Fickers, P., Yan, J., Lin*, C.S.K. 2021. Promising advancement in fermentative succinic acid production by yeast hosts. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 401.

2020

  • Khanal, S.K., Varjani, S., Lin, C.S.K., Awasthi, M.K. 2020. Waste-to-resources: Opportunities and challenges. Bioresource Technology, 317, 123987.
  • Prabhu, A.A., Ledesma-Amaro, R., Lin, C.S.K., Coulon, F., Thakur, V.K., Kumar, V. 2020. Bioproduction of succinic acid from xylose by engineered Yarrowia lipolytica without pH control. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 13(1), 113.
  • Khodadadi, M.R., Malpartida, I., Tsang, C.-W., Lin, C.S.K., Len, C. 2020. Recent advances on the catalytic conversion of waste cooking oil. Molecular Catalysis, 494, 111128.
  • Wang, X., Zhang, M.M., Sun, Z., Liu, S.F., Qin, Z.H., Mou, J.H., Zhou, Z.G., Lin*, C.S.K. 2020. Sustainable lipid and lutein production from Chlorella mixotrophic fermentation by food waste hydrolysate. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 400.
  • Subramanian, K., Chopra, S.S., Cakin, E., Li, X., Lin, C.S.K. 2020. Environmental life cycle assessment of textile bio-recycling – valorizing cotton-polyester textile waste to pet fiber and glucose syrup. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 161, 104989.
  • Wang, X., Liu, S.-F., Qin, Z.-H., Balamurugan, S., Li, H.-Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2020. Sustainable and stepwise waste-based utilisation strategy for the production of biomass and biofuels by engineered microalgae. Environmental Pollution, 265, 114854.
  • Fickers, P., Cheng, H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2020. Sugar alcohols and organic acids synthesis in Yarrowia lipolytica: Where are we? Microorganisms, 8(4).
  • Ong, K.L., Fickers, P., Lin*, C.S.K. 2020. Enhancing succinic acid productivity in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica with improved glycerol uptake rate. Science of the Total Environment, 702.
  • Wang, H., Kaur, G., To, M.H., Roelants, S.L.K.W., Patria, R.D., Soetaert, W., Lin*, C.S.K. 2020. Efficient in-situ separation design for long-term sophorolipids fermentation with high productivity. Journal of Cleaner Production, 118995.
  • Wang, H., Tsang, C.W., To, M.H., Kaur, G., Roelants, S.L.K.W., Stevens, C.V., Soetaert, W., Lin*, C.S.K. 2020. Techno-economic evaluation of a biorefinery applying food waste for sophorolipid production – A case study for Hong Kong. Bioresource Technology303.
  • Islam, M.K., Wang, H., Rehman, S., Dong, C., Hsu, H.Y., Lin, C.S.K., Leu, S.Y. 2020. Sustainability metrics of pretreatment processes in a waste derived lignocellulosic biomass biorefinery. Bioresource Technology298.
  • Guan, W., Chen, X., Hu, H., Tsang, C.-W., Zhang, J., Lin, C.S.K., Liang, C. 2020. Catalytic hydrogenolysis of lignin β-O-4 aryl ether compound and lignin to aromatics over Rh/Nb2O5 under low H2 pressure. Fuel Processing Technology, 203, 106392.
  • Wang, X., Balamurugan, S., Liu, S.F., Zhang, M.M., Yang, W.D., Liu, J.S., Li, H.Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2020. Enhanced polyunsaturated fatty acid production using food wastes and biofuels byproducts by an evolved strain of Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Bioresource Technology, 296.

2019

  • Li, X., Hu, Y., Du, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Recovery of Glucose and Polyester from Textile Waste by Enzymatic Hydrolysis. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 10(12), 3763-3772.
  • Li, C., Chen, C., Wu, X., Tsang, C.W., Mou, J., Yan, J., Liu, Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Recent advancement in lignin biorefinery: With special focus on enzymatic degradation and valorization. Bioresource Technology, 291.
  • Kaur, G., Wang, H., To, M.H., Roelants, S.L.K.W., Soetaert, W., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Efficient sophorolipids production using food waste. Journal of Cleaner Production, 232, 1-11.
  • To, M.H., Uisan, K., Ok, Y.S., Pleissner, D., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Recent trends in Green and Sustainable Chemistry: Rethinking textile waste in a circular economy. Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry. 20, 1-10.
  • Ling, Y., Sun, L.-p., Wang, S.-y., Lin, C.S.K., Sun, Z., Zhou, Z.-g. 2019. Cultivation of oleaginous microalga Scenedesmus obliquus coupled with municipal wastewater treatment for enhanced biomass and lipid production. Biochemical Engineering Journal. 148, 162-169.
  • Ong, K.L., Li, C., Li, X., Zhang, Y., Xu, J., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Co-fermentation of glucose and xylose from sugarcane bagasse into succinic acid by Yarrowia lipolytica. Biochemical Engineering Journal148, 108-115.
  • Li, C., Ong, K.L., Yang, X., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Bio-refinery of waste streams for green and efficient succinic acid production by engineered Yarrowia lipolytica without pH control. Chemical Engineering Journal. 371, 804-812.
  • Dong, C., Wang, Y., Wang, H., Lin, C.S.K., Hsu, H.-Y., Leu, S.-Y. 2019. New Generation Urban Biorefinery toward Complete Utilization of Waste Derived Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuels and Value-Added Products. Energy Procedia, 158, 918-925.
  • Len, C., Lin, C.S.K., Daviot, L., Len, T. 2019. Microwave-assisted homogeneous acid catalysis and chemoenzymatic synthesis of dialkyl succinate in a flow reactor. Catalysts9(3). (Special Issue "Catalytic Methods in Flow Chemistry").
  • Pleissner, D., Dietz, D., van Duuren, J.B.J.H., Wittmann, C., Yang, X., Lin, C.S.K., Venus, J. 2019. Biotechnological production of organic acids from renewable resources. in: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology, Vol. 166, pp. 373-410.
  • Kwan, T.H., Ong, K.L., Haque, M.A., Kulkarni, S., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Biorefinery of food and beverage waste valorisation for sugar syrups production: Techno-economic assessment. Process Safety and Environmental Protection121, 194-208.
  • Li, X., Mettu, S., Martin, J.O.G., Ashokkumar, M., Lin*, C.S.K. 2019. Ultrasonic pretreatment of food waste to accelerate enzymatic hydrolysis for glucose production. Ultrasonics - Sonochemistry53, 77-82.

2018

  • Wang, H., Roelants, S.L.K.W., To, M.H., Patria, R.D., Kaur, G., Lau, N.S., Lau, C.Y., Van Bogaert, I.N.A., Soetaert, W., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Starmerella bombicola: recent advances on sophorolipids production and prospects of waste stream utilization. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, DOI: 10.1002/jctb.5847
  • Li, C., Gao, S., Yang, X., Li, X., Lin*, C.S.K. Efficient metabolic evolution of engineered Yarrowia lipolytica for succinic acid production using a glucose-based medium in an in-situ fibrous bioreactor under low-pH condition. Biotechnology for Biofuels11(1), 236.
  • Kwan, T.H., Ong, K.L., Haque, M.A., Tang, W., Kulkarni, S., Lin, C.S.K. 2018. High fructose syrup production from mixed food and beverage waste hydrolysate at laboratory and pilot scales. Food and Bioproducts Processing111, 141-152.
  • Wang, H., Kaur, G., Pensupa, N., Uisan, K., Du, C., Yang, X., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Textile waste valorization using submerged filamentous fungal fermentation. Process Safety and Environmental Protection118, 143-151.
  • Li, C., Gao, S., Wang, H., Li, X., Ong, K.L., Yang, X., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Succinic acid production using a glycerol-based medium by an engineered strain of Yarrowia lipolytica: Statistical optimization and preliminary economic feasibility study. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 137, 305-313.
  • Hu, Y., Du, C., Pensupa, N., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Optimisation of fungal cellulase production from textile waste using experimental design. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. 118, 133-142.
  • Xu, T., Huang, X., Li, Z., Lin, C.S.K, Li, S. 2018. Enhanced Purification Efficiency and Thermal Tolerance of Thermoanaerobacterium aotearoense β-Xylosidase through Aggregation Triggered by Short Peptides. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 66(16), 4182-4188.
  • Kwan, T.H., Hu, Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Techno-economic analysis of a food waste valorisation process for lactic acid, lactide and poly(lactic acid) Journal of Cleaner Production181, 72-87.
  • Kwan, T.H., Ong, K.L., Haque, M.A., Kwan, W.H., Kulkarni, S., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Valorisation of food and beverage waste via saccharification for sugars recovery. Bioresource Technology255, 67-75.
  • Li, C., Yang, X., Gao, S., Chuh, A.H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Hydrolysis of fruit and vegetable waste for efficient succinic acid production with engineered Yarrowia lipolytica Journal of Cleaner Production179, 151-159.
  • Yu, I.K.M., Ong, K.L., Tsang*, D.C.W., Haque, M.A., Kwan, T.H., Chen, S.S., Uisan, K., Kulkarni, S., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Chemical transformation of food and beverage waste-derived fructose to hydroxymethylfurfural as a value-added product. Catalysis Today. Catalysis Today314, 70-77.
  • Kaur, G., Uisan, K., Ong, K.L., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Recent Trends in Green and Sustainable Chemistry Waste Valorisation: Rethinking Plastics in a Circular Economy. Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry9, 30-39.
  • Ong, K.L., Kaur, G., Pensupa, N., Uisan, K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Trends in food waste valorization for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels: Case study South and Southeast Asia. Bioresource Technology, 248(Part A), 100-112.
  • Li, C., Gao, S., Yang, X., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Green and sustainable succinic acid production from crude glycerol by engineered Yarrowia lipolytica via agricultural residue based in situ fibrous bed bioreactor. Bioresource Technology. . 249(Supplement C), 612-619.
  • Hu, Y., Du, C., Leu, S.-Y., Jing, H., Li, X., Lin*, C.S.K. 2018. Valorisation of textile waste by fungal solid state fermentation: an example of circular waste-based biorefinery. Resources, Conservation & Recycling129, 27-35.

2017

  • Kwan, T.H., Vlysidis, A., Wu, Z., Hu, Y., Koutinas, A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Lactic acid fermentation modelling of Streptococcus thermophilus YI-B1 and Lactobacillus casei Shirota using food waste derived media Biochemical Engineering Journal. 127, 97-109.
  • Pensupa, N., Leu, S.-Y., Jing, H., Liu, H., Hu, Y., Wang, H., Du, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Recent trends in Sustainable Textile Waste Recycling Methods: Current situation and future prospects. Topics in Current Chemistry375(5), 76.
    This article is part of the topical collection ‘Chemistry and Chemical Technologies in Waste Valorization’ guest edited by Dr. Carol Sze Ki LIN
  • Haque, M.A., Yang, X., Ong, K.L., Tang, W.-T., Kwan, T.H., Kulkarni, S., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Bioconversion of beverage waste to high fructose syrup as a value-added product. Food and Bioproducts Processing. 105, 179-187.
  • Hu, Y., Daoud, W.A., Fei, B., Chen, L., Kwan, T.H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Efficient ZnO aqueous nanoparticle catalysed lactide synthesis for poly(lactic acid) fibre production from food waste. Journal of Cleaner Production. 165, 157-167.
  • Cui, Z., Gao, C., Li, J., Hou, J., Lin, C.S.K., Qi*, Q. 2017. Engineering of unconventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica for efficient succinic acid production from glycerol at low pH. Metabolic Engineering42, 126-133.
  • Ning, C., Hadi, P., Aghdam, E., Zhu, S., Hui, C.W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2017. Environmental Emission Analysis of a Waste Printed Circuit Board-derived Adsorbent Production Process. Chemical Engineering Journal. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.181
  • Tan, Z., Lin, C.S.K., Ji, X., Rainey, T.J. 2017. Returning biochar to fields: A review. Applied Soil Ecology, 116, 1-11.
  • To, M.-H., PejmanHadi, Chi, W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2017 Mechanistic study of atenolol, acebutolol and carbamazepine adsorption on waste biomass derived activated carbon. Journal of Molecular Liquids.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.05.037
  • Ning, C., Lin, C.S.K., Hui, D.C.W., McKay, G. 2017. Waste Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Recycling Techniques. Topics in Current Chemistry375(2), 43.
    This article is part of the topical collection ‘Chemistry and Chemical Technologies in Waste Valorization’ guest edited by Dr. Carol Sze Ki LIN
  • Yang, X., Wang, H., Li, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Restoring of Glucose Metabolism of an engineered Yarrowia lipolytica for Succinic Acid Production via a Simple and Efficient Adaptive Evolution Strategy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 65(20), 4133-4139.
  • Hu, Y., Kwan, T.H., Daoud, W.A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Continuous ultrasonic-mediated solvent extraction of lactic acid from fermentation broths. Journal of Cleaner Production. 145, 142-150.
  • Ning, C., Xu, M., Hui, D.C.W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2017. Study of quench effect on heavy metal uptake efficiency by an aluminosilicate-based material. Chemical Engineering Journal311, 37-45.
  • Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. Utilization of food waste in continuous flow cultures of the heterotrophic microalga Chlorella pyrenoidosa for saturated and unsaturated fatty acids production. Journal of Cleaner Production. 142, 1417-1424.
  • Li, C., Yang, X., Gao, S., Wang, H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2017. High efficiency succinic acid production from glycerol via in situ fibrous bed bioreactor with an engineered Yarrowia lipolyticaBioresource Technology. 225, 9-16.

2016

  • Gao, C., Yang, X., Wang, H., Perez Rivero, C., Li, C., Cui, Z., Qi, Q., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Robust succinic acid production from crude glycerol by using engineered Yarrowia lipolyticaBiotechnology for Biofuels.9(1), 179.
  • Haque, M.A., Kachrimanidou, V., Koutinas, A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Valorization of Food Waste for Biocolorant and Enzyme Production by Monascus purpureus. Journal of Biotechnology.231, 55-64.
  • Ning, C., Hadi, P., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2016. Valorization of an electronic waste-derived aluminosilicate – Surface functionalization and porous structure tuning. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 4(6), 2980-2989.
  • Hu, Y., Dauod, W., Cheuk, K.L.K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016.Newly Developed Techniques on Polycondensation, Ring-Opening Polymerization and Polymer Modification: Focus on Poly(Lactic Acid). Materials9(3), 133.
  • Kwan, T.H., Hu, Y., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Valorisation of food waste via fungal hydrolysis and lactic acid fermentation with Lactobacillus casei Shirota. Bioresource Technology. 217, 129-136.
  • Pleissner, D., Qi, Q., Gao, C., Rivero, C.P., Webb, C., Lin, C.S.K., Venus, J. 2016. Valorization of organic residues for the production of added value chemicals: A contribution to the circular economy. Biochemical Engineering Journal116, 3-16.
  • 高翠娟, 连思琪, 祁庆生. (2016) 代谢工程构建重组耶氏解脂酵母生产中长链聚羟基脂肪酸酯. 生物工程学报. Chinese Journal of Biotechnology.

2015

  • 张谦, 贾佳, 林智, 杨晓锋, 郭宏涛, 王剑英, Lin, S.K.C. 2015. 产脂肪酶黑曲霉发酵条件优化研究. 生物技术通报31(12). 227-233.
  • Kwan, H.T., Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Venus, J., Pommeret, A., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Techno-economic analysis of a food waste valorization process via microalgae cultivation and co-production of plasticizer, lactic acid and animal feed from algal biomass and food waste. Bioresource Technology198, 292-299.
  • Yang X, Zhu M, Huang X, Lin C.S.K., Wang J, Li S. 2015. Valorisation of mixed bakery waste in non-sterile fermentation for L-lactic acid production by an evolved Thermoanaerobacterium sp. strain. Bioresource Technology. 198, 47-54.
  • Jia, J., Yang, X., Wu, Z., Zhang, Q., Lin, Z., Guo, H., Lin, S.K.C., Wang, J., Wang, Y. 2015. Optimization of fermentation conditions for extracellular lipase production from Aspergillus niger using Response Surface Methodology. BioMed Research International. 497462
  • Kosinkova, J., Ramirez, J.A., Hossain, F.M., Nguyen, J., Ristovski, Z., Brown, R., Lin, C.S.K., Chang, J., J, Rainey, T. 2015. Hydrothermal liquefaction of bagasse using ethanol and black liquor as solvents. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 9(6), 630-638.
  • Han, W., Lam, W.C., Man Tung Wong, Hoi Ting Leung, Chi Leung Ng, Ping Yan, Suet Yu Yeung, Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Kinetic analysis of a crude enzyme extract produced via solid state fermentation of bakery waste. ACS Sustainable Chemistry3(9), 2043-2048.
  • Gao C, Qi Q, Madzak C, Lin*, CSK. 2015. Exploring Medium-chain-length Polyhydroxyalkanoates Production in the Engineered Yeast Yarrowia lipolyticaJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 42(9), 1255-1262.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin*, C.S.K., Webb, C. 2015. Solid state fermentation of waste bread pieces by Aspergillus awamori: Analysing the effects of airflow rate on enzyme production in packed bed bioreactors. Food and Bioproducts Processing. 95(0), 63-75.
  • Karmee, S.K., Linardi, D., Lee, J., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Conversion of lipid from food waste to biodiesel. Waste Management. 41(0), 169-173.
  • Karmee, S.K., Patria, R.D., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Techno-economic evaluation of biodiesel production from waste cooking oil—A case study of Hong Kong. International Journal of Molecular Biology (Special Issue "Green Chemistry and the Biorefinery"). 16(3), 4362-4371. (FEATURE paper)
  • Hadi, P., To, M.-H., Hui, C.W., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2015. Aqueous Mercury Adsorption by Activated Carbons. Water Research. 73(C), 37-55.
  • Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Schneider, R., Venus, J., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Fatty acid feedstock preparation and lactic acid production as integrated processes in mixed restarurant food and bakery wastes treatment. Food Research International73(0), 52-61.
  • Pleissner, D., Lau, K.Y., Zhang, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Plasticizer and surfactant formations from food waste and algal biomass derived lipids. ChemSusChem8(10), 1686-1691.
  • Hadi, P., Ning, C., Ouyang, W., Xu, M., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2015. Toward environmentally-benign utilization of nonmetallic fraction of waste printed circuit boards as modifier and precursor. Waste Management, 35(0), 236-246.
  • Hadi, P., Xu, M., Lin, C.S.K., Hui, C.-W., McKay, G. 2015. Waste printed circuit board recycling techniques and product utilization. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 283(0), 234-243.
  • Hadi, P., Xu, M., Ning, C., Lin, C.S.K., McKay, G. 2015. A Critical Review on Preparation, Characterization and Utilization of Sludge-Derived Activated Carbons for Wastewater Treatment. Chemical Engineering Journal, 260, 895–906.

2014

  • Karmee, S.K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Valorisation of food waste to biofuel: current trends and technological challenges. Sustainable Chemical Processes. 2, 22.
  • Sun, Z., Li, M., Qi, Q., Gao, C., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Mixed food waste as renewable feedstock in succinic acid fermentation. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 174(5), 1922-1833.
  • Turon*, X., Venus, J., Arshadi, M., Koutinas, M., Lin, C.S.K., Koutinas*, A. 2014. Food waste and byproduct valorization through bio-processing: opportunities and challenges. BioResources 9(4), 5774-5777. (Editorial)
  • Karmee, S.K., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Lipids from food waste as feedstock for biodiesel production: Case Hong Kong. Lipid Technology, 26: 206–209. doi: 10.1002/lite.201400044. (Feature Article)
  • Lau KY, Pleissner D, Lin*, CSK. 2014. Recycling of food waste as nutrients in Chlorella vulgaris cultivation Bioresource Technology. 170(0), 144-151.
  • Hadi, P., Ning, C., Ouyang, W., Lin, C.S.K., Hui, C.-W., McKay, G. 2014. Conversion of an Aluminosilicate-Based Waste Material to High-Value Efficient Adsorbent. Chemical Engineering Journal, 256, 415-420.
  • Pleissner, D., Lam, W.C., Han, W., Lau, K.Y., Cheung, L.C., Lee, M.W., Lei, H.M., Lo, K.Y., Ng, W.Y., Sun, Z., Melikoglu, M., Lin*, C.S.K. 2014. Fermentative polyhydroxybutyrate production from a novel feedstock derived from bakery waste. Biomed Research International – Biotechnology vol. 2014, Article ID 819474, 8 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/819474.
  • Lin, C.S.K., Koutinas, A.A., Stamatelatou, K., Mubofu, E.B., Matharu, A.S., Kopsahelis, N., Pfaltzgraff, L.A., Clark, J.H., Papanikolaou, S., Kwan, T.H., Luque*, R. 2014. Current and future trends in food waste valorization for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels: a global perspective Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 8(5), 686-715.
  • Arancon, R.A.D., Lin, H.T., Chen, G., Lin, C.S.K., Lai, J., Xu, G., Luque, R. 2014. Nanoparticle tracking Analysis of Gold nanomaterials stabilized by Various Capping Agents. RSC Advances4, 17114-17119.
  • Pleissner, D., Kwan, T. H., and Lin*, C. S. K. 2014. Fungal hydrolysis in submerged fermentation for food waste treatment and fermentation feedstock preparation, Bioresource Technology. 158, 48-54.
  • Koutinas, A. A., Pleissner, D., Vlysidis, A., Kopsahelis, N., Lopez Garciac, I., Kookosd, I., Papanikolaou, S., and Lin*, C.S.K., 2014. Valorization of industrial waste and by-product streams via fermentation for the production of chemicals and biopolymers, Chemical Society Reviews. 43(8), 2587-2627. Invited review
  • Arancon, R.A.D., Lin, C.S.K., Vargas, C., Luque, R. 2014. To Be Or Not To Be Metal Free: Trends and advances in Coupling chemistries. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry. 12(1), 10-35.
  • Lam KF, Leung CCJ, Lei HMLin, CSK.*. 2014. Economic Feasibility of a Pilot-Scale Fermentative Succinic Acid Production from Bakery Wastes. Food and Bioproducts Processing. 92(3), 282-290.

2013

  • Pleissner, D., and Lin*, C.S.K., 2013. Valorisation of food waste in biotechnological processes. Sustainable Chemical Processes. 1, 21.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin, C.S.K.*, Webb, C., 2013. Kinetic Studies on the Multi-enzyme Solution produced via Solid State Fermentation of Waste Bread by Aspergillus awamori. Biochemical Engineering Journal. 80, 76-81.
  • Lam, W.-C., Pleissner, D., Lin, C.S.K.*, 2013. Production of fungal glucoamylase for glucose production from food waste. Biomolecules. 3, 651-661.
  • Arancon, R.A.D., Lin, C.S.K.*, Chan, K.M., Kwan, T.H., Luque, R., 2013. Advances on waste valorization: new horizons for a more sustainable society. Energy Science & Engineering 1, 53-71.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin, C. S. K.*, and Webb, C., 2013. Stepwise optimisation of enzyme production in solid state fermentation of waste bread pieces, Food and Bioproducts Processing 91, 638-646.
  • Pleissner D, Lam WC, Sun Z, Lin* CSK. 2013. Food waste as nutrient source in heterotrophic microalgae cultivation. Bioresource Technology. 137(0), 139-146.
  • Melikoglu, M., Lin*, C.S.K., Webb, C., 2013. Analysing Global Food Waste Problem: Pinpointing the Facts and Estimating the Energy Content. Central European Journal of Engineering.. 1-8.
  • Balu, A.M., Lin, C.S.K., Liu, H., Li, Y., Vargas, C., Luque, R. 2013. Iron oxide functionalised MIL-101 materials in aqueous phase selective oxidations. Applied Catalysis A: General. 455, 261-266.
  • Lin, C.S.K., Pfaltzgraff, L.A., Herrero-Davila, L., Mubofu, E.B., Abderrahim, S., Clark, J.H., Koutinas, A.A., Kopsahelis, N., Stamatelatou, K., Dickson, F., Thankappan, S., Mohamed, Z., Brocklesby, R., Luque, R. 2013. Food waste as a valuable resource for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels. Current situation and global perspective. Energy & Environmental Science, 6(2), 426-464.
  • ZHANG, A. Y.-Z., SUN, Z., LEUNG, C. C. J., HAN, W., LAU, K. Y., LI, M. & LIN, C. S. K.* 2013. Valorisation of bakery waste for succinic acid production. Green Chemistry, 15, 690-695.
  • Francavilla, M., Pindea, A., Lin, C. S. K., Franchi, M., Trotta, P., Romero, A. a. C., Juan M & Luque, R. 2013. Natural porous agar materials from macroalgae. Carbohydrate Polymers, 92, 1555-1560.

2012

  • Chen, C., Desmet*, T., Van Der Borght, J., Lin, S.K.C. & Soetaert, W., 2012. Adsorption-desorption of trehalose analogues from a bioconversion mixture using activated carbon. Separation and Purification Technology. 96, 161-167.
  • Leung, C. C., Cheung, S. Y., Zhang, Y. Z., Lam, K. F., Lin, S.K.C.*, 2012. Utilisation of waste bread for the sustainable production of succinic acid. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 65, 10-15.
  • Du C., Sabirova J, Soetaert W, Lin, S.K.C.*, 2012. Polyhydroxyalkanoates Production From Low Sustainable Raw Materials. Current Chemical Biology, 6-1, 14-25.
  • Lin, S.K.C., Luque, R., Clark, J., Webb, C., Du, C., 2012. Novel wheat-based biorefining strategy for fermentative production and chemical transformation of succinic acid. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 6, 88-104. Invited review

2011

  • Lin, S.K.C., Luque, R., Clark, J., Webb, C., Du, C., 2011. A seawater-based biorefining strategy for fermentative production and chemical transformation of succinic acid.  Energy and Environmental Science, 4, 1471.

2010

  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Blaga, A., Camarut, M., Webb, C., Christian Stevens and Soetaert, W., 2010. Novel resin-based vacuum distillation-crystallisation method for recovery of succinic acid crystals from fermentation broths. Green Chemistry, 12, 666–671.

2009

  • Dorado, P., Lin, S.K.C., Koutinas, A., Du, C., Wang, R.H., Webb, C. 2009. Cereal-based biorefinery development: Utilisation of wheat milling by-products for the production of succinic acid, Journal of Biotechnology, 143: 51-59.
  • Luque, R., Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Macquarrie, D.J., Koutinas, A., Wang, R., Webb, C., Clark, J., 2009. Chemical transformations of succinic acid recovered from fermentation broths by a novel direct vacuum distillation-crystallisation method, Green Chemistry, 11: 193–200.

2008

  • Lin, S.K.C., Du, C., Wang, R.H., Koutinas, A. and Webb, C., 2008, Substrate and product inhibition kinetics in succinic acid production by Actinobacillus succinogenesBiochemical Engineering Journal, 41(2):128-135.
  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Koutinas, A., Wang, R., Dorado, P. and Webb, C., 2008, A wheat biorefining strategy based on solid-state fermentation for fermentative production of succinic acid. Bioresource Technology, 99(17):8310-8315.

2007

  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Clark, J. and Webb, C., 2007, Platform chemical production from wheat-based biorefining strategy, Journal of Biotechnology, 131(2, Supplement 1): S145.
  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Koutinas, A., Wang, R. and Webb, C., 2007, Succinic acid production from wheat using a biorefining strategy, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 76(6): 1263-1270.

Books

Lin, C. S. K., and Luque, R. (2014) Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, United Kingdom. DOI: 10.1039/ 9781782622918
http://blogs.rsc.org/books/2014/09/03/new-books-in-the-rsc-green-chemistry-series/

Renewable Resources for Biorefineries_Publicity

Luque, R., Lin, C.S.K., Wilson, K., Clark, J.H. (2016). Handbook of Biofuels Production: Processes and Technologies. Second ed. Elsevier Science and Technology Books.
http://store.elsevier.com/product.jsp?isbn=9780081004555&pagename=search
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780081004555

Cover

Lin, C.S.K., Li, C., Kaur, G., Yang, X. (2020) Waste Valorisation: Waste streams in a circular economy. Renewable Resource Series. John Wiley & Sons Limited, Chichester, United Kingdom. (in press)

WasteValorisation

Book chapters

  • Aude, P., Yang, X., Kwan, T.H., Christoforou, E., Fokaides, P., Lin, C.S.K. Techno-economic study and environmental assessment of food waste based biorefinery. In: Food Waste Reduction and Valorisation, (Eds.) M. Piergiuseppe, P. Franka, T. Valentina Elena, Springer International Publishing. UK, pp.121-146.
  • Arancon, R.A., Lin, C.S.K., Chan, K.M., Kwan, T.H., Luque, R. 2016. Advances on Waste Valorization: New Horizons for a More Sustainable Society: Policy and Planning for a Sustainable Society. in: Solid Waste Management, (Ed.) E. Rada, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. Canada, pp. 37-77.
  • Du, C., Zhao, X., Liu, D., Lin, C.S.K., Wilson, K., Luque, R., Clark, J. 2016. 1 - Introduction: An overview of biofuels and production technologies. in: Handbook of Biofuels Production (Second Edition), Woodhead Publishing, pp. 3-12.
  • Melikoglu, M., Singh, V., Leu, S.Y., Webb, C., Lin, C.S.K. 2016. 9 - Biochemical production of bioalcohols. in: Handbook of Biofuels Production (Second Edition), Woodhead Publishing, pp. 237-258.
  • Lam, W.C., Pleissner, D., Lin*, C.S.K. 2016. Production of fungal glucoamylase for glucose production from food waste. in: Solid Waste as a Renewable Resource: Methodologies, (Eds.) J.A.F. Albanes, M.P. Ruiz, Apple Academic Press, Inc. Oakville, Canada.
  • Lam, W.C., Kwan, T.H., Lin*, C.S.K. 2015. Enzymes for valorization of food and beverage wastes. in: Enzymes in Food and Beverage Processing, (Ed.) C. Sekaran, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, pp. 479-501.
  • Kwan, TH, Lin, C.S.K, Chan, KM. 2014. Application of Food Waste Valorization Technology in Hong Kong Renewable Resources for Biorefineries Cambridge, United Kingdom: Royal Society of Chemistry; p. 93 - 116.
  • Lam, W.C., Kwan, T.H., Budarin, V.L., Mubofu, E.B., Fan, J., Lin, C.S.K.* 2014. Pretreatment and Thermochemical and Biological Processing of Biomass. Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, John Wiley & Sons. 3: 53-83.
  • Lam W.C. and Lin, C.S.K.*, 2014. Food Waste Valorisation for High Value Chemicals and Energy Production. Green Technologies for the Environment, American Chemical Society. 1186: 187-202.
  • Koutinas, A., Lin, C.S.K, Du, C., Webb, C., 2014. Whole-crop biorefinery  in: Wang, L. (Ed.), Sustainable Bioenergy Production. CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, Greensboro, USA.
  • Koutinas, A., Du, C., Lin, C.S.K., Webb, C., 2014. Cereal-based biorefineries, in: Waldron, K.W. (Ed.), Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation   Woodhead Publishing Limited. 303-334.
  • Martelli, S.M., Lin, C.S.K., Sun, Z., Berezin, N., Fakhouri, F.M., Innocentini-Mei, L.H. 2013. Natural Rubber Blends with Biopolymers. in: Rubber Based Materials: Volume 1 Blends and IPNS, Vol. 1. Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). (in press), 2013. Natural Rubber Blends with Biopolymers, in: Thomas, S., Chan, C., Pothen, L., Rajisha, K.R., Hanna, M., (Eds.), Natural Rubber Materials - Blends and IPNs. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Caona, T., Berezina, N., Lin, C.S.K., Fakhouri, F.M., Martelli, S.M. 2013. Polyhydroxyalkanoates and their potential in controlled-release drug delivery systems – biomedical applications and factors affecting the drug release. in: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA): Biosynthesis, Industrial Production and Applications in Medicine NOVA Publishers.

Patent

Lin, Carol Sze Ki, and Zhi Quan Lin. "System and Method of Producing Glucoamylases and/or Proteases." U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. City University of Hong Kong, 2015. US Patent Publication no. US-2015-0322394-A1.  November 12, 2015

Pleissner, D., Lin, C.S.K. 2016. MEDIUM, METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CULTIVATION OF CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA OR ORGANISMS DERIVED FROM CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA, (I.S. Patent and Trademark Office.  City University of Hong Kong, 2016. US Patent Publication no. US-2016-0068799-A1. March 10, 2016

Kwan, T.H., Ming, Y.H., Lin, C.S.K. 2017. Utilisation of remaining solids from hydrolysis of food and beverage waste as insect feed (應用廚餘及飲料水解副產物為昆蟲飼料). Hong Kong. 17101289.9

Hu, Y., Lin, C.S.K., Leu, S.-Y., Jing, H., Yeung, C.S. 2018. Improved Textile Waste Processing, (Ed.) T.H.K.R.I.o.T.a.A. Limited, The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel Limited. USA. Patent Application No. 15/886,018.  February 1, 2018

Conference Papers

  • Du, C., Lin, S.K.C., Clark, J. and Webb, C., 2007, Platform chemical production from wheat-based biorefining strategy, Journal of Biotechnology, 131(2, Supplement 1): S145.
  • Webb, C., Koutinas, A.A., Du, C., Wang, R., Xu, Y., Lin, S.K.C., Luque, R. and Clark, J.H., 2006, Development of Cereal-Based Biorefineries for the Production of Biodegradable Plastics and Platform Chemicals, 2006 AIChE Annual Meeting Conference Proceeding, San Francisco, California, USA.

Details

  • Biotechnology Yes 2005 Competition. Edinburgh, England. November 18, 2005
  • BERN Annual Meeting, 4th UK Biochemical Engineering Research Showcase, University of Birmingham, England, January 5, 2007
  • Third International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, Ghent, Belgium, June 4-6, 2007
  • Chemistry Innovation Associates’ Meeting, University of Leicester, England, September 17-18, 2007
  • Fifth World Congress on Industrial Bioprocessing and Biotechnology, Chicago, Illinois, USA, April 27-30, 2008
  • Fourth International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, June 1-4, 2008
  • FROPTOP event: Enzyme technology for high value products – White Biotechnology Workshop, Manchester Interdisciplinary Bioscience. July 16, 2008 (This poster was awarded the poster prize from the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC))
  • Seminar, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, HKUST, August 19, 2009
  • Joint-University Workshop in Bioengineering, HKUST, August 5, 2010
  • Seminar, School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, April 27, 2011
  • Seminar, Bioengineering Program, HKUST, May 4, 2011
  • Conference in the Year of Chemistry 2011, University of Cordoba, June 13, 2011
  • Business Environment Council (BEC). January 9, 2012.
  • Swire Coca-Cola HK, Shatin, Hong Kong. April 13, 2012.
  • CityU-NUS Joint Seminar, National University of Singapore, June 7-8, 2012
  • CityU Technology Transfer Forum, June 15, 2012
  • Summer Expert Talks 2012, Wei Hing Theatre, 6/F Amenities Building, City University of Hong Kong.  July 3, 2012
  • 244th American Chemical Society Meeting. Philadelphia, USA. August 19-23, 2012
  • Seminar, College of Fisheries and Life Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University. November 19, 2012
  • Keynote, ANTEC Mumbai, Society of Plastics Engineers, Mumbai, India. December 6, 2012
  • Commercial and Industrial (C&I) Food Waste Recycling Seminar. Food Education Association, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. February 8, 2013
  • Invited talk, Electrical and Mechanical Services Department (EMSD) Technology Seminar on Food Waste Recycling; Technology Centre, 1/F, EMSD Headquarters Building, Kowloon. March 13, 2013
  • Energy Recovery and Storage: A New Approach for the UK and China Workshop (Whiterose University Consortium), Nanjing University of Science and Technology, China. March 21, 2013
  • A Holistic Approach in Our Future Community, Holistic Community Association. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. March 28, 2013.
  • 245th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, USA. April 9, 2013
  • Housing Authority Head Quarter. Ho Man Tin, Kowloon. April 16, 2013
  • Food Waste Reduction and Recycling Sharing Session, City University of Hong Kong. April 23, 2013
  • BIT’s 4th Symposium on Enzyme and Biocatalysis, Nanjing, China. April 25-27, 2013
  • Invited talk, BEC Leadership Networking Series: Managing Hong Kong’s Food Waste – Overview and Latest Research Efforts, Business Environmental Council (BEC) Auditorium. July 25, 2013
  • Invited talk, The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel, The Future of Innovation, Innovation and Technology Symposium 2013, Meeting rooms N201-212, Hong Kong Conventional and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong. September 26, 2013
  • Invited talk, Eco Expo Asia 2013 - International Trade Fair on Environmental Protection, AsiaWorld-Expo. Hong Kong International Airport. October 29, 2013
  • Seminar, School of Bioscience and Bioengineering, South China University of Technology (SCUT), Guangzhou, China. November 6, 2013
  • 20th Anniversary Workshop on Environmental Science and Technology for Sustainable Development, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. January 25, 2014
  • Seminar, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. February 25, 2014
  • Seminar, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Shandong, China. March 19, 2014
  • Seminar, Laboratory of Biomass and Bioenergy Research, National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Plant Sciences and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China. March 21, 2014
  • Seminar, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute (NEWRI), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. April 7, 2014
  • Departmental Seminar, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore. April 8, 2014
  • Invited talk, Food & Hotel Asia 2014 International Conference, Singapore Expo. Food Product Development Technology & Innovation Forum. April 10, 2014
  • Invited talk, Bioenergy Symposium, Initiative on Clean Energy and Environment (ICEE). Wang Gungwu Theatre, Graduate House, The University of Hong Kong. April 17, 2014
  • College of Energy, School of Energy Research, Xiamen University. April 24, 2014
  • Invited talk, Food waste in the European Food Supply Chain Challenges and Opportunities, Divani Palace Acropolis, Athens, Greece. COST Office (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) TD1203. May 13, 2014
  • Seminar, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Agricultural University of Athens (AUA), Greece. May 14, 2014
  • Seminar, Department of Physical Chemistry and Applied Thermodynamics. University of Cordoba, Spain. July 3, 2014
  • Invited talk, The 10th International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries (RRB10). Palacio Conde Ansúrez Conference Centre, Valladolid University, Valladolid, Spain. June 4, 2014
  • Summer Expert Talk 2014; Lecture Theatre 4, Academic 1, City University of Hong Kong. July 2, 2014
  • Plenary Talk, PepsiCo Global R&D Research Forum; 2014 Le Royal Meridien Shanghai Hotel, Shanghai, China. July 14, 2014
  • Poster presentation, Conversion of Food Waste into Polylactic acid Fibre. in: Green Chemistry Gordon Research Seminar (GRS) The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. July 27 - August 1, 2014
  • ACS 248th National Meeting, Recent Development of Environmental Chemistry in Asia. Division of Environmental Chemistry, San Francisco Marriott Marquis, Room: Golden Gate Section C3, San Francisco, USA. August 12, 2014.
  • Invited talk, Hangzhou Dianzi University, December 13-14, 2014, Hangzhou, China
  • Seminar, Tianjin University, December 11-12, 2014, Tianjin, China
  • Keynote, National Seminar in Chemistry Fair 2014, Department of Chemistry, Universitas Indonesia, November 29 2014, Depok, Indonesia
  • Invited talk, Forum – Green Technologies Track, The APAC Innovation Summit 2014 S224-225 Hong Kong Conventional Exhibition Centre. December 2, 2014
  • Keynote, International Conference on Biological Waste as Resource, with a Focus on Food Waste. B4-LP-04, Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong. December 3, 2014
  • Plenary talk, COST Action FP1306 “Valorisation of lignocellulosic biomass side streams for sustainable production of chemicals, materials & fuels using low environmental impact technologies", February 3 - 5, 2015, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Invited talk, The Hong Kong and China Gas Company Limited, 20/F Lounge Area, Towngas Headquarter, 363 Java Road, North Point, March 20, 2015.
  • Seminar, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, April 3 - 4, 2015, Zhengzhou, China
  • Keynote, International Flavours Fermentation Workshop, EPTES Technologies and Lab Equipment Madrid, Spain. May 5, 2015.
  • Invited talk, Institut National de la Recherche Agromique (INRA), Toulouse, France. June 11, 2015
  • Keynote, Biorefinery for Food & Fuels & Materials, June 15-17, 2015, Montpellier, France
  • Invited talk, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. August 24, 2015
  • Invited talk, Annual Meeting of Association of Bio-based Materials Industry, Hsinchu, Taiwan. November 4, 2015
  • Invited talk, Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan. November 6, 2015
  • Invited talk, International Workshop on Food Waste Valorisation – Technical & Legal Challenges. Montreux, Switzerland. March 10, 2016
  • Invited talk, INRA AgroParisTech, Microbiology and Food Process Engineering, Centre for Agro-Industrial Biotechnology, Thiverval-Grignon, Paris, France. May 19, 2016
  • 6th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation, Albi, France, May 23-26, 2016
  • Invited talk, Joint Research Unit (INRA-Montpellier SuperAgro – Montpellier University), Montpellier, France, May 27, 2016
  • Seminar, Food Science and Technology Program, Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, June 1, 2016
  • Keynote, 4th Annual Workshop and Symposium, Sichuan University, China, July 18-19, 2016
  • Seminar, Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Nutrition Science at Institute of Food Science and Technology (IFST), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) in Beijing, China, December 6, 2016
  • Seminar, Department of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Technology University, Nanjing, China, November 29, 2016
  • Seminar, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, Ghent University, Belgium, December 1, 2016
  • Seminar, COST Action FP1306 Workshop and Conference. Torremolinos, Spain. March 27-28, 2017
  • Keynote, 2nd Green & Sustainable Chemistry Conference, Elseviser. Hotel Intercontinental Berlin, Germany.  May 15, 2017
  • Seminar, Leibniz-Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy (ATB), Potsdam-Bornim, Germany. May 19, 2017
  • Keynote, The Second International Conference on Biological Waste as Resource 2017. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. May 26, 2017
  • Seminar, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences. July 3, 2017
  • Seminar, School of Chemistry, The University of Melbourne, Australia. September 9, 2017
  • Invited talk, International Conference on Emerging Trends in Biotechnology for Waste Conversion. CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, India. October 9, 2017
  • Seminar, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zigui Ecological Experiment Station of the Three Gorges Project, Nanjing, China. October 14, 2017
  • Lecture, Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. October 24, 2017
  • Seminar, Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. October 25, 2017
  • Plenary Talk, Annual conference of the Korean Society for Environmental Biology, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. October 26, 2017
  • 1st NoAW annual meeting Estoril, Portugal. November 22, 2017
  • SeminarInstituto Superior de Agronomia, Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), University of Lisbon, Portugal. November 24, 2017
  • Keynote, Workshop of utilizing bio-mass for the power generation and conversion into bio-diesel, Changzhou University, China. December 27, 2017
  • Invited talk, Biomaterials – Packaging, Innovation & Technology Solutions, Climate Show, Geneva, Switzerland. April 7, 2018
  • Invited talk, Mini-Symposium on Biocatalysis: From Green Synthesis to Bioenergy, Chinese University of Hong Kong. April 13, 2018
  • Invited talk, Institute of Bioengineering, College of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. May 14, 2018
  • 14th International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, Ghent, Belgium. June 1, 2018
  • Seminar, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand. August 30, 2018
  • Keynote, BIO-REFINERIES, RENEWABLE AND ALTERNATIVES ENERGIES. Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Medellin, Colombia. September 17-21, 2018
  • Keynote, Agricultural waste and residue management for a circular bio-economy: Shared EU and China impact-oriented solutions. Hubei Hotel, Beijing, China. October 22, 2018
  • Seminar, Advanced Food Research Laboratory, NUS (Suzhou) Research Institute, China. November 16, 2018
  • Guest lecture, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. November 20, 2018
  • Seminar, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. November 23, 2018
  • Keynote, ARC 2018 Conference, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. November 28, 2018
  • Keynote, The International Workshop on Green Biorefineries for Biomass Waste and the Environment 2018 (GBBWE 2018), Shanghai, China. December 6, 2018
  • Keynote, The 3rd International Conference on Biological Waste as Resource 2018 (BWR2018), The Education University of Hong Kong. December 17, 2018
  • Seminar, Integrated Biorefinery Strategies for Waste and Biomass Valorisation. Key Laboratory of Eutrophication and Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institute, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China. April 18, 2019
  • Seminar, Integrated Biorefinery Strategies for Waste and Biomass Valorisation. Agricultural Genomic Institute at Shenzhen, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. April 19, 2019
  • Seminar, Recent trends in Green and Sustainable Chemistry: Rethinking plastic and textile wastes in a circular economy. AchemAsia. NECC Shanghai, China. May 22, 2019
  • Seminar, Integrated Biorefinery Strategy for Waste and Biomass Valorisation. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, China. May 23, 2019
  • Keynote, The 3rd International Conference on Bioresources, Energy, Environment, and Materials Technology 2019 (BEEM2019), The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, June 12-15, 2019
  • Keynote, International Conference on New Horizons in Biotechnology (NHBT-2019), Trivandrum, Kerala, India, November 20-24, 2019
  • Keynote, 4th International Conference on Biological Waste as Resource 2019 (BWR 2019), Busan, South Korea, December 10-13, 2019
  • Keynote, Engineering Sustainable Development 2019, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea, December 12-13, 2019
  • Keynote, II International Congress on Biorefineries and Renewable Energies supported by ICT, Colombian Petroleum Institute-ICP, Piedecuesta, Santander, Colombia, February 17-20, 2020
  • Keynote, 2nd Sustainable Waste Management Conference, Institute of Sustainability, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, September 16, 2020

Current Research Projects

  • Waste Valorization for the Manufacture of Sustainable Chemicals, Materials and Fuels. CityU Start-up Grant for New Faculty. Project No. 7200248, Aug 2011 – July 2013. PI
  • Development of a Multi-enzyme Solution for the Valorisation of Industrial Food Co-products and Organic Food Waste from Cafeteria.   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), Innovation and Technology Fund (ITF). Project No. 9440084 (ITS/323/11), March 2012 – August 2013. PI
  • Sustainable biorefinery concept based on microalgal biomass produced from mixed food waste hydrolysate. Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), Innovation and Technology Fund (ITF). Project No. 9440096 (ITS/353/12), June 2013-November 2014. PI
  • Metabolic engineering of Yarrowia lipolytica for the simultaneous production of succinic acid and polyhydroxyalkanoates. Hong Kong Research Grants Council (RGC), Early Career Scheme (ECS). Project No. 9042001, September 2013-August 2016. PI
    In collaboration with Prof. Qingsheng Qi, State Key Lab of Microbial Biotechnology School of life Science, Shandong University
  • Conversion of Food Waste into Polylactic acid Fibre.   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textile and Appeals (HKRITA) (ITP/002/14TP), Project No. 9444001, March 2014-February 2016.  PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Walid Dauod (SEE), Dr. Fei Bin (Institute of Textile and Clothings, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
    This project was awarded with Golden Medal with Jury’s Commendation in Geneva Invention Exhibition 2016
  • Bioconversion of Food Waste for Bio-Colorant Production. CityU Applied Research Grant (ARG) 2013-14. Project No. 9667101, April 2014-March 2015. PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Apostolis Koutinas (Agricultural University of Athens, Greece)
  • Bioconversion of Food and Beverage Waste to High Value-added Product.   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC) (ITP/087/15FP), October 2015 – September 2017.  PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Hendrik Waegeman (Business Development Manager, Bio Base Europe Pilot Plant, Ghent, Belgium)
  • Ensuring sustainable use of agricultural waste, co-products and by-products.  European Commission Horizon 2020 (WASTE-7-2015), 2016 – 2019.  Members of consortium;
    In collaboration with Prof. Eric Dubreucq (INRA/Université Montpellier, France)
  • Textile Waste Recycling by Biological Method. Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textile and Appeals (HKRITA) (ITP/109/15TP), March 2016-March 2018.  PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Ben LEU (Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University )and Dr. Chenyu Du (Reader in Chemical Engineering, University of Huddersfield, UK)
    This project was awarded with Golden Medal in Geneva Invention Exhibition 2018.
  • Bioconversion of Food Waste to Biosurfactant. CityU Applied Research Grant (ARG) 2016-17. Project No. 9667156, June 2017-May 2019. PI
    In collaboration with Prof. Dr. ir. Wim Soetaert (Centre of Expertise for Industrial Biotechnology and Biocatalysis), Faculty of Bio-Science Engineering, Ghent University, Belgium
  • International Thematic Network on Green Chemistry.  GREEN-CHEM: Towards small footprint solutions, Ghent University, Belgium, 2017-2021,  Co-PI
    This project is led by Prof. Dr. ir. Christian Stevens, SynBioC Research Group, Department of Sustainable Organic Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Belgium. A total of 9 International partners are participated in this project.
  • Bioconversion of Textile Waste to Succinic acid. CityU Applied Research Grant (ARG) 2017-18. Project No. 9667167, May 2018-April 2020. PI
    In collaboration with Prof. Yong Sik Ok, Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University
  • Novel radial gradient in-situ FiBrous Bed (RadGrad isFBB) reactors with cellulose hydrogels. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.  Global Grand Challenges, Round 22. New Approaches for Manufacturing Gut Microbial Biotherapeutics. Project No. 9231343. May 1, 2019 – October 31, 2020. PI
    In collaboration with Dr. Srinivas Mettu, School of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
  • Textile Waste Recycling by Biological Method (Phase 2).   Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC), The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textile and Appeals (HKRITA) (ITP/002/19TP), March 2019-March 2021.  External Consultant
  • Biosynthesis of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids by Yarrowia lipolytica Fermentation Based on Biosynthetic Pathway of Oleaginous Microalgae Hong Kong Branch of the Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), January 1, 2021-December 31, 2022. PI

Prizes and Awards

Year Award
2018 BESS Achievement Award 2018, Bioenergy Biorefinery Conference – Southeast Asia 2018 Sustainable Production of Molecules, Bioenergy Society of  Singapore (BESS)
2018 Golden Medal in Geneva Invention Exhibition 2018
for ITF project titled "Textile Waste Recycling by Biological Method"
2017 The President’s Awards, City University of Hong Kong
2016 RITA Award 2016, The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textile and Appeal (HKRITA)
2016 BESS Achievement Award 2016, Bioenergy Biorefinery Conference – Southeast Asia 2016 Sustainable Manufacturing of Food, Fuels and Chemicals, Bioenergy Society of  Singapore (BESS)
2016 Golden Medal with Jury’s Commendation in Geneva Invention Exhibition 2016 for ITF project titled “Conversion of food waste into polylactic acid fiber (PLA)”
2014 PepisoCo Global R&D Research Forum Award
2008-2009 Postdoctoral scholarship from the StarTT-projecten funded by the Industrieel Onderzoeksfonds (IOF), Belgium
2008 Poster prize at the FROPTOP event: Enzyme technology for high value products – White Biotechnology Workshop, Manchester Interdisciplinary Bioscience; July 16, 2008.
2008 Student grant for junior researchers in the Fourth International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries (RRB4) provided by the Dutch Biotechnology Foundation (Stichting Biotechnologie, SBN), the Netherlands.
2008 Postgraduate Research Student Conference Travel Funds, The University of Manchester
2008 Student Bursary, Biochemical Engineering Subject Group, the Institute of Chemical Engineer (IChemE), United Kingdom
2008 Postgraduate Travel Grant from the Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd., United Kingdom
2006-2008 Doctoral Studentship, Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), United Kingdom
2004-2007 Overseas Research Student Awards Scheme (ORSAS), United Kingdom
1999 Runner Up for the Best Presentation in the Chemical Engineering Final Year Project Presentation, Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
1999 5th International Alumina Quality Workshop Scholarship, Australia
1998 Senior Prize in Chemical and Materials Engineering (Year 3)
Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, The University of Auckland, New Zealand

Service to Professional & Scientific Bodies, Consultancies, Membership of Professional & Learned Societies

  • External reviewer for research proposals:
    • Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
    • The Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT)
    • The Technology Foundation STW, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation
    • Environmental Conservation Fund (ECF), Environmental Protection Department (EPD), Hong Kong
    • Hong Kong Baptist University Faculty Research Grant
    • National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore
    • The Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO), Belgium
    • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)
    • German Federal Ministry of Education & Research (BMBF) for funding initiative "Taylor-made bio-based ingredients for a competitive bioeconomy"
    • Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) and the University of Guelph (UofG), Canada (OMAFRA-UofG Research Program)
    • Fondazione Cariplo and Innovhub Stazioni Sperimentali per l’Industria (hereinafter ‘Innovhub SSI’, a special agency of Milan’s Chamber of Commerce engaged in research, Italy) for ‘Bioeconomy and Industrial Biotechnology Integrated Research Projects – 2017’
    • National Science Centre, Poland
  • Affiliated member of the Environmental Chemistry Division in the American Chemical Society (ACS)
  • Member of the Academic Conduct Committee, City University of Hong Kong (February 1, 2015-January 31, 2017)
  • Member of the Academic Review Committee, City University of Hong Kong (September 1, 2013-August 31, 2017)
  • Organizer for the American Chemical Society (ACS) Division of Environmental Science (ENVR)’s 100th anniversary symposium ‘Recent Development of Environmental Chemistry in Asia’ the 248th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, August 10-14, 2014
  • Scientific committee member for Biorefinery for Food, Feed and Materials 2015, Montpellier, France, June 15-17, 2015. http://www.bffm2015-congress.eu/
  • Scientific committee member for the 2nd Green and Sustainable Chemistry conference, Hotel Intercontinental Berlin, Germany, May 14-17, 2017 http://www.greensuschemconf.com/
  • Scientific committee member for Asia-Pacific Conference on Biotechnology for Waste Conversion (BIOWCHK) 2016, Hong Kong Baptist University, December 6-8, 2016 https://arcpe.hkbu.edu.hk/conf2016/pagectr?p=2
  • Scientific committee member for ATHENS 2017 5th International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste ManagementAthens, Greece, June 21-24, 2017 http://www.athens2017.uest.gr/
  • Organising committee member and Scientific committee member for Asia Pacific Conference of Chemical Engineering (APCChE 2017), Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, August 23-27, 2017
  • International organisation committee member for 2nd International Conference on Bioresources, Energy, Environment, and Materials Technology (BEEM2018), Daemyung Resort, Gangwon-do, Korea, June 10-12, 2018 http://www.beem2018.org/sub02_05.php
  • Scientific committee member for 6th International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management, Naxos Island, Greece, June 13–16, 2018
  • Scientific committee member for WasteEng2018, the 7th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation, Prague, Czech Republic, July 2-5, 2018
  • Local Organising Committee, The 3rd International Conference on Biological Waste as Resource 2018 (BWR2018): Organic Waste for Energy Recovery, Environmental Remediation, and Sustainable Waste Management, The Education University of Hong Kong, December 17-19, 2018
  • Member of the Cost Action TD1203 on Food waste valorisation for sustainable chemicals, materials & fuels (EUBis) http://costeubis.org/
  • Member of the COST Action FP1306 on “Valorisation of lignocellulosic biomass side streams for sustainable production of chemicals, materials & fuels using low environmental impact technologies’ http://www.costfp1306.com/
  • Member of the G2C2 Green Chemistry network http://g2c2.greenchemistrynetwork.org/
  • External reviewer for European Commission (EC) Horizon 2020 project
Staff Image
Dr. Carol LIN
Contact Information
Office: YEUNG-G5709
Phone: +(852)-3442-7497
Fax: +(852)-3442-0688
Email: carollin@cityu.edu.hk
Web: Laboratory of Waste and Biomass Valorization

Time slots for consultation

Research Interests
  • Biorefinery
  • Green and Sustainable Chemistry
  • Food waste valorisation
  • Nutrient recovery
  • Waste and biomass valorisation