1. Mediation Rules of Procedure

These Rules were prepared by Professor Tang Houzi and have been modified to include the Hong Kong Agreement to Mediate, which can be found attached to the Hong Kong Code of Conduct for Mediators.


Article 1   These Rules apply to moot mediation of international, cross-border, foreign-related and domestic disputes.

Article 2    These Rules are formulated for resolving disputes arising between parties with or without contractual relations by means of Mediation.

Article 3   Mediation can be carried out if an agreement to mediate exists between the parties according to the applicable law. Where no mediation agreement exists between the parties, one party requests mediation and the other party does not refuse, it shall be deemed that a mediation agreement exists.

Notwithstanding the aforesaid, if the Arbitral Tribunal, before making an award, believes that there is still a chance of the parties reaching a successful concord, it may order that the matter be the subject of mediation.


Article 4   When using these Rules, their provisions and stipulations can be varied if the parties are in unanimous agreement and the Director of the Competition also agrees; however, the variation may not violate the law.


Article 5   In these Rules mediation means a dispute resolution process whereby an independent and impartial third party (the mediator) assists disputing parties to negotiate a resolution of their dispute. The Mediator will assist the Parties to attempt to resolve the dispute by helping them to:
(a) systematically isolate the issues in dispute;
(b) develop options for the resolution of these issues;
(c) explore the usefulness of these options to meet their interests and needs.

Article 6   The Mediator may meet with the Parties together or separately.

Article 7   The Mediator will not:
(a) give legal or other professional advice to any Party (but may explain the matter to the parties from the legal point of view and from the business point of view); or
(b) impose a result on any Party; or
(c) make decisions for any Party.

Article 8   TheMediator shall conduct mediation independently and impartially in accordance with the stipulations of the contract (if any), these Rules, the Code of Conduct in Appendix 1, the applicable law and the principles of fairness and reasonableness.

Article 9   Mediation can be conducted as a separate process or, if the parties agree, or if the Arbitral Tribunal directs, in combination with arbitration (conducted during arbitration proceedings or at their conclusion but before an award is made) or in combination with litigation (conducted during court proceedings) if the parties agree or if the court directs.


Article 10  One mediator shall be appointed for each mediation by the Director of the Moot (ie, to be allocated by roster prior to the moot taking place).

Article 11  In mediation with one mediator, the parties shall endeavor to reach agreement on the name of a sole mediator. For the purposes of competition the sole mediator will be appointed in accordance with Article 10 of these rules.

Article 12  Judges and mediator(s) are not subject to the limitation of nationality. Any qualified person of any nationality is entitled to be appointed as a judge or mediator.

Article 13  When accepting an appointment, the mediator shall ensure that he/she fulfills his/her duties and discloses any circumstances that may affect his/her independence and impartiality in the specific case. The Parties will then decide whether the mediation will continue with that Mediator or with a new mediator to be appointed by the Director of the Moot.

Article 14  If in the course of the mediation the Mediator becomes aware of any circumstances that might reasonably be considered to affect the Mediator's capacity to act impartially, the Mediator must immediately inform the Parties of these circumstances. The Parties will then decide whether the mediation will continue with that Mediator or with a new mediator to be appointed by the Director of the Moot.

Article 15  The mediator shall endeavour to finish the mediation within the time period allocated for the competition and enforced by the Judges of the mediation.


Article 16  Commencement of Mediation Process
The party initiating mediation shall send the other party a written invitation to mediation to be conducted in accordance with these Rules (or other rules), identifying the subject of the dispute. For the purposes of this competition this shall be deemed to have occurred.

Article 17  Mediation proceedings commences when the initiating party receives the other party's written reply expressing his acceptance of the mediation invitation. For the purposes of this competition a roster of times for mediation will be provided to teams by the Director of the competition.

Article 18  Statement of Dispute
Each party shall submit to the judges and the mediator a written statement of dispute describing general facts and nature of the dispute and the issues in dispute. The statement shall be no more than 2 pages long (12 point, Times New Roman, double spaced). The statement shall be copied to the other party and the Director of the Moot. This representation plan must be submitted to the Moot Director via email at adrmoot@cityu.edu.hk by 12:00 (Hong Kong time)  on Monday 22nd July 2013.


Article 19  The parties must attend the mediation in person. They may be accompanied by their legal representatives. Of the students representing the particular team in the arbitration hearings, one will undertake the role of the client and the other will continue to act as legal counsel/attorney.

Article 20  The Parties agree to cooperate in good faith with the Mediator and each other during the mediation.


Article 21  The Parties agree to attend the mediation with authority to settle within any range that can reasonably be anticipated.

Article 22  At the mediation each Party may be accompanied by one or more persons, including legally qualified persons, to assist and advise them.


Article 23  Any information disclosed to a Mediator in private is to be treated as confidential by the Mediator unless the Party making the disclosure states otherwise.


Article 24  Every person involved in the mediation:
(a) will keep confidential all information arising out of or in connection with the mediation, including the fact and terms of any settlement, but not including the fact that the mediation is to take place or has taken place or where disclosure is required by law to implement or to enforce terms of settlement; and

(b) acknowledges that all such information passing between the Parties and the Mediator, however communicated, is agreed to be without prejudice to any Party's legal position and may not be produced as evidence or disclosed to any judge, arbitrator or other decision-maker in any legal or other formal process, except where otherwise disclosable in law.

Article 25  Where a Party privately discloses to the Mediator any information in confidence before, during or after the mediation, the Mediator will not disclose that information to any other Party or person without the consent of the Party disclosing it, unless required by law to make disclosure.

Article 26  The Parties will not call the Mediator as a witness, nor require him to produce in evidence any records or notes relating to the mediation, in any litigation, arbitration or other formal process arising from or in connection with the Dispute and the mediation; nor will the Mediator act or agree to act as a witness, expert, arbitrator or consultant in any such process.

Article 27  No verbatim recording or transcript of the mediation will be made in any form.


Termination of Mediation Proceedings

Article 28  Mediation proceedings shall be terminated when one of the following circumstances arises:

  1. The parties have reached a settlement and signed a settlement agreement;
  2. The mediator does not see any reasonable prospect of settlement and has declared in writing the termination of the mediation proceedings;
  3. All parties or one of the parties make a written request to the mediator to terminate the mediation proceedings; and,
  4. The term of mediation expires and the parties do not request an extension.


Article 29  (1)Ifthemediation results in an agreement, the parties shall sign a settlement agreement (including therein a dispute resolution clause to the effect that if one party does not comply with the settlement agreement, the other party may initiate an arbitral process or a court process), and the mediator may help drafting the settlement agreement.

(2)No terms of settlement reached at the mediation will be legally binding until set out in writing and signed by or on behalf of each of the Parties.


Article 30  The Mediator will not be liable to a Party for any act or omission by the Mediator in the performance or purported performance of the Mediator's obligations under this agreement unless the act or omission is fraudulent.

Article 31  Each party indemnifies the Mediator against all claims by that Party or anyone claiming under or through that Party, arising out of or in any way referable to any act or omission by the Mediator in the performance or purported performance of the Mediator's obligations under this agreement, unless the act or omission is fraudulent.

Article 32  No statements or comments, whether written or oral, made or used by the Parties or their representatives or the Mediator within the mediation shall be relied upon to found or maintain any action for defamation, libel, slander or any related complaint, and this document may be pleaded as a bar to any such action.


Article 33  The Parties will be responsible for the fees and expenses of the Mediator in accordance with the SCHEDULE at the end of these Rules.

Article 34  Unless otherwise agreed by the Parties in writing, each Party agrees to share the mediation fees equally and also to bear its own legal and other costs and expenses or preparing for and attending the mediation ("each Party's Legal Costs") prior to the mediation. However, each Party further agrees that any court or tribunal may treat both the mediation fees and each Party's legal costs as costs in the case in relation to any litigation or arbitration where that court or tribunal has power to assess or make orders as to costs, whether or not the mediation results in settlement of the Dispute.


Article 35  Any contemplated or existing litigation or arbitration in relation to the Dispute may be started or continued despite the mediation, unless the Parties agree or a court orders otherwise.

Article 36  This Agreement is governed by the law of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the courts of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall have exclusive jurisdiction to decide any matters arising out of or in connection with this Agreement and the mediation.

Appointment of Judges

Article 37  In each competition session, two Judges shall be present to watch the performance and give marks for it. The Judges are to be appointed by the Director of the Moot.

Article 38  In each competition session, one counsel and one client from each competing team shall be present. Each match is limited to 120 minutes, with 60 minutes for arbitration (strictly enforced) and 60 minutes for mediating of the dispute. At the conclusion of the mediation competitors and anyone else present, will vacate the room while the judges complete score cards and assess the respective teams Representation Plans. Then judges will provide a few general comments to assist competitors.

A single break of 5 minutes may be taken by each team during each competition session. Caucus breaks of no more than 7 minutes each and 15 minutes total may be proposed by the mediator(s) as the mediator(s) consider necessary and appropriate.

The Director of the Moot may issue instructions to clarify or streamline this procedure if this is seen as necessary. If so, all competing teams will be advised.

These Mediation Rules of Procedure come into force as from 2010.


Mediator's Fees and Expenses

1. For all preparation: $ _____ (per hour)

2. For the mediation: $ _____ (per hour)

3. Room hire fees: $ _____

4. Allocation of costs

Party 1: _____ %
Party 2: _____ %
Party 3: _____ %
Party 4: _____ %
All parties equally _____ %

2. Arbitration Rules

Article 39  The Arbitral Panel will consist of 3 tribunal members, comprising a student arbitrator/mediator from a team not competing in the particular match and two arbitrators appointed by the competition organizers. Only the marks of the two dispute resolution practitioners appointed by the competition organizers will count. However, the student arbitrator will be assessed on his role as arbitrator and, subsequently, mediator.

Article 40  The duration of the arbitration will be 1 hour with each side allowed 30 minutes to be divided between its two speakers.

Article 41  The applicable law for the dispute will be announced in that year’s problem.

Article 42  For the arbitral proceedings,Teams will be required to submit two (2) memoranda, one for the Claimant and one for the Respondent. Each memorandum will be no more than 3,000 words in length. Memoranda should be double spaced on A4 sized paper and presented in Times font, 12 size. Footnotes will be part of the word count. The due date for these memoranda will be declared when the problem is released. Memoranda should be sent as an email attachment in Word format to the Director of the Moot, Dr Rajesh Sharma at the following email address before midnight on the due date: adrmoot@cityu.edu.hk

The word limit of 3,000 words will be strictly enforced with penalties as follows:
Less than 100 words over-length = 5 penalty marks
More than 100 words over-length = 10 penalty marks
More than 500 words over-length = 20 penalty marks

These penalties apply to each memoranda received. That is, they apply to both Claimant and Respondent memoranda.

Cover sheet required

Each memoranda should have on its cover the team number and the side represented, ie, Claimant or Respondent. No indication of the name of the university should be found anywhere on each Memorandum. There is an automatic 20 point penalty for breach of this rule.

Opposing Team Memoranda

All teams will receive the memoranda of the teams they are scheduled to meet in the oral rounds one week prior to the competition, either by email or by posting the memoranda on the moot website.

No revision allowed

No memoranda may be revised for any purpose whatsoever once it has been submitted.

Scoring of the Memoranda

A panel selected by the Moot Director will score the memoranda on the basis of the quality of the analysis, the persuasiveness of the legal argument, thoroughness of the research and the clarity of the writing. The panel will take an unfavourable view of arguments which are based on facts not found in the problem or the clarifications and which are not logical or necessary extensions of the given facts. The panel will be supplied with copies of the Memoranda, which have on the cover sheet only the teams' individual moot numbers.

Venue of the Competition

The venue of the competition is City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong S.A.R., China.

Oral Hearings

Oral Hearings will be conducted at City University or other designated venue during the dates of the competition.

A moot will only proceed if 2 representatives from both teams are present. If both speakers for a team are not present by 15 minutes after the published start time of the moot, when the other team is all present, then. the Director of the Moot may also consult with the present team as well as the mediator and organize a dummy team or mediator to conduct moot in place of the absent team.

There is no restriction on the amount of coaching a team may receive in preparation for the oral hearings.

No team members, friends or relatives of a team are permitted to attend hearings involving other teams against the team they may meet later during the General Rounds of the competition. Scouting is not allowed. For the Knockout Rounds members of the teams already eliminated are permitted to attend as part of the audience, given that the venues provide sufficient room to accommodate them. Teams competing in the Knockout Rounds still cannot scout other teams competing in the Knockout Rounds. Violation of this rule will disqualify a team from participating beyond the general rounds or in the final.

Once the hearing has commenced, no assistance is to be given to the oralists by the coach,  the other members of their team or any other person.

Videotaping of any moot is not permitted except for the semi-finals and the grand final, except with the express permission of the Moot Director. The organizers make arrangements for video recordings of semi-finals and the Grand Final and later those videos are uploaded on the website for every one’s use.


Once Memoranda have been submitted for consideration in the competition, copyright in those memoranda will vest in the School of Law, City University of Hong Kong.

Appendix 1: The Code of Conduct for Mediators

This code of conduct is the Draft Hong Kong Mediators' Code of Conduct. Its rules should be adhered to as far as is practicable in this competition. These rules are included for guidance purposes and may be modified where appropriate for the purposes of the competition. Consent to mediate by the parties shall be considered to be given for competition purposes.

General Responsibilities

1. The Mediator shall act fairly in dealing with the Parties to the mediation, have no personal interest in the terms of any Settlement Agreement, show no bias towards the Parties, be reasonably available as requested by the Parties, and be certain that the Parties have been informed about the mediation process.

Responsibilities to the Parties

2. Impartiality/Conflict of Interest
The Mediator shall maintain impartiality towards all Parties. The Mediator shall disclose to the Parties any affiliations/interests which the Mediator may have or had with any Party and in such situation obtain the prior written consent of all the Parties before proceeding with the mediation.

3. Informed Consent
(a) The Mediator shall explain to all Parties the nature of the mediation process, the procedures to be utilised and the role of the Mediator.
(b) The Mediator shall ensure the Parties sign an Agreement to Mediate prior to the substantive negotiations between the Parties. A sample Agreement to Mediate is attached.
(c) The Agreement(s) to Mediate shall include the responsibilities and obligations of the Mediator and the Parties.

4. Confidentiality
(a) The Mediator shall keep confidential all information, arising out of or in connection with the mediation, unless compelled by law or public policy grounds.
(b) Any information disclosed in confidence to the Mediator by one of the Parties shall not be disclosed to the other Party without prior permission.
(c) Paragraphs 4(a) and 4(b) shall not apply in the event such information discloses an actual or potential threat to human life or safety.

5. Suspension or Termination of Mediation
The Mediator shall inform the Parties of their right to withdraw from the mediation. If the Mediator believes that a party is unable or unwilling to participate effectively in the mediation process, the Mediator can suspend or terminate the mediation.

6. Insurance
The Mediator shall consider whether it is appropriate to be covered by professional indemnity insurance and if so, shall ensure that he is adequately covered.

Defining the Process

7. Independent Advice and Information
In a mediation in which a Party is without legal representation or relevant expert opinion, the Mediator shall consider whether to encourage the Party to obtain legal advice or relevant expert opinion.

8. Fees
The Mediator has a duty to define and describe in writing the fees for the mediation. The Mediator shall not charge contingent fees or base the fees upon the outcome of the mediation.

Responsibilities to the Mediation Process and the Public

9. Competence
The Mediator shall be competent and knowledgeable in the process of mediation. Relevant factors shall include training, specialist training and continuous education, having regard to the relevant standards and/or accreditation scheme to which the Mediator is accredited. For example, in the event the mediation relates to separation/divorce, the Mediator shall have attained the relevant specialist training and the appropriate accreditation.

10. Appointment
Before accepting an appointment, the Mediator must be satisfied that he/she has time available to ensure that the mediation can proceed in an expeditious manner.

11. Advertising/promotion of the Mediator's services
The Mediator may promote his/her practice, but shall do so in a professional, truthful and dignified manner.

School of Law City University of Hong Kong