City University of Hong Kong

The work by Dr. Sam Hsu

Dr. Masaru Yarime examined the network of the stakeholders participating in developing smart cities in Japan and the United States. The Japanese network shows a concentrated structure dominated by a relatively small number of large actors mainly in the electric and engineering industries and the public sector, whereas the U.S. network exhibits a more distributed structure with various actors in the utility and information and communication technology industries, including small- and medium-sized enterprises and start-ups.