This course provides training for environmental and energy doctoral students and presents them with an opportunity to study in-depth a topic parallel to their thesis, but must be new and not simply repeating the subject of the PhD. For example a student may choose to learn a programming language, study a particular statistical methodology, learn about the principles of instrumentation, discover underlying chemical, biological, physical principles of relevance to their work or read literature in a field parallel, a broader all-encompassing part of the entire discipline or a field adjunct to the thesis topic, perhaps exploring social or cultural contexts of their work. This is not an exclusive list, but any doubts should be resolved with the course convenor prior to commencement. The short proposal for work in the area of study must submit the course convenor who will expect the student to defend the proposal in a 10-15 minute meeting. The reading and study plan needs to be approved by the examining panel at the start of the course. The examining panel will consist of the supervisor and another academic, probably drawn from the School, but could be from any HK university. Delays in starting or gathering the examination panel may mean the occasional “incomplete” and need to be declared.