|Abstract: ||The New Right political agenda to “roll back the state” launched in the late 1970s saw a reduced role for government through contracting, privatization, downsizing and managerialism (Pollitt and Bouckaert 2004). The depth of implementation and geographic spread of these reforms picked up pace during the 1980s as countries around the globe started to reform and restructure government in, what where then, radical ways. This reform movement was named the New Public Management (NPM) and labeled as such by Hood in his 1991 Public Administration article “A Management for All Seasons”. |
Since its publication “A Management for All Seasons” has become the most widely cited article in Public Administration (with over 1200 cites in the Social Science Citation Index, and nearly 7000 in Google Scholar). In this study we undertake a bibliometric analysis of the article and answer questions about: (1) the nature and extent of the citation to the article across all disciplines and in public administration in more detail, (2) the co-citation indexes of authors, institutions and journals and (3) citation network analysis of the 50 most cited articles that cited Hood.
Data are drawn from the Web of Science for the period 1992-2014. This resulted in 773 articles that cited Hood (1991) across all disciplines (global analysis). (Over 400 citations are in conference proceedings, book reviews etc.). Within the field of public administration (as defined by Web of Science) the article was cited on 381 occasions (local analysis). We investigated the study at levels: (1) descriptive (highest cited journal, author etc.), (2) co-citation analysis (author, institution, journal source), and (3) longitudinal citation network analysis.
Results indicate ongoing and increasing citation of the study at the global and local levels. Local analysis indicates that over 100 of the 381 citations accumulated in the period 2009-2014 and that Public Administration, the International Review of Administrative Sciences and Public Management Review carried the most Hood cites. Local co-citation analysis shows strong citation relationships among groups of political scientists (Dunleavy, Rhodes etc.), public management scholars (Boyne, Osborne etc.), comparative scholars (Christensen, Peters etc.) and international agencies (OECD, World Bank) and a very strong association between Hood and Pollitt. Citation network analysis points towards a number of distinct themes of research on NPM that evolve over time. These include studies exploring (1) the implementation of NPM, (2) focusing on entrepreneurship and leadership in public organizations, (3) examining public values, (4) question the limits and paradoxes of NPM, (5) methodology, and (6) presenting alternative frameworks.