By the end of this course students will have learnt the fundamentals of animal sentience, naturalness or telos, the components of animal wellbeing, animal suffering, and pain. They will know the differences and similarities between animal rights and animal welfare science. Students will understand that provision for an animal’s welfare must be determined on a species-specific basis and be able to describe these within the common animal welfare terminology (for example the Five Freedoms). They will have a sound understanding of the use of assessing behavior as an indication of animal welfare status. They will have gained an understanding of topical problems such as hereditary problems, breed associated conditions and reproductive technologies. They will learn methods of euthanasia and the appropriateness of this being applied in a variety of scenarios. They will have learnt the laws of Hong Kong relevant to animal protection and welfare and their application.