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Dr Square K F FONG

BEng(Hons), MSc, PhD, CEng, MCIBSE, MHKIE, MASHRAE, RPE

Associate Professor (A) of Division of Building Science and Technology

Square Fong

Contact Information

Office: MMW-5404
Phone: +(852)-3442-8724
Fax: +(852)-3442-0443
Email: bssquare@cityu.edu.hk
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Research Interests

  • Sustainable trigeneration and polygeneration
  • Renewable cooling and heating
  • Zero carbon building design
  • Big data analysis for energy management
  • Evolutionary computation for system optimization

Dr. Square K. F. Fong has the academic interests in sustainable trigeneration and polygeneration, renewable cooling and heating, big data analysis for energy management, and evolutionary computation for system optimization. He has over a hundred publications in the spectrum of international journal papers, conference papers, book chapters and consultancy reports. Through exercising both the academic and professional knowledge, Dr. Fong aims at developing the zero carbon building technologies for sustainable urbanization.

Major Research Grants

  • Increasing the resilience to the health impacts of extreme weather on elderly people under future climate change (Research Impact Fund, 2019-22)
  • Chiller plant predictive analysis (Contract Research, 2018-20)
  • Integrated System of Advanced Thermal Nano Technologies (TNT) for Energy-Efficient Air-Conditioning and Clean Indoor Air: Part 1 - Energy Efficiency (Innovation and Technology Fund, 2017-20)
  • Development of micro combined cooling and power system driven by solid oxide fuel cells for premises in hot and humid climate (General Research Fund, 2016-19)
  • Hybrid system design of renewable cooling and heating for buildings in hot and humid climate (General Research Fund, 2013-16)
  • Formulation of sustainable trigeneration system design for high-rise commercial buildings in Hong Kong (Construction Industry Council Research Fund, 2013-15)
  • Development of optimal system design and operation of solar desiccant cooling to provide air-conditioning in sub-tropical Hong Kong (General Research Fund, 2009-11)
  • Optimum air temperature and velocity for air-conditioned environment in Hong Kong from energy saving perspective (General Research Fund, 2007-08)

Selected Publications

  • Luo, X.J., Fong, K.F., Novel pattern recognition-enhanced sensor fault detection and diagnosis for chiller plant. Energy and Buildings, 228, 2020, 110443.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Solar desiccant cooling system for hot and humid region – A new perspective and investigation. Solar Energy, 195, 2020, pp. 677-684.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Performance investigation of a SOFC-primed micro-combined hybrid cooling and power system in hot and humid regions. Energy, 189, 2019, 116298.
  • Luo, X.J., Fong, K.F., Investigation on part-load performances of combined cooling and power system primed by solid oxide fuel cell with different bottoming cycles. Journal of Power Sources, 429, 2019, pp. 127-148.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Investigation on effect of indoor air distribution strategy on solar air-conditioning systems. Renewable Energy, 131, 2019, pp. 413-421.
  • Luo, X.J., Fong, K.F., Development of integrated demand and supply side management strategy of multi-energy system for residential building application. Applied Energy, 242, 2019, pp. 570-587.
  • Luo, X.J., Fong, K.F., Leung, M.K.H., Sun, Y.J., Development of clustering-based sensor fault detection and diagnosis strategy for chilled water system. Energy and Buildings, 186, 2019, pp. 17-36.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Impact of adsorbent characteristics on performance of solid desiccant wheel. Energy, 144, 2018, pp. 1003-1012.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., New perspectives in solid desiccant cooling for hot and humid regions. Energy and Buildings, 158, 2018, pp. 1152-1160.
  • Luo, X.J., Fong, K.F., Development of multi-supply-multi-demand control strategy for combined cooling, heating and power system primed with solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine. Energy Conversion and Management 154, 2017, pp. 538-561.
  • Zhao, T.F., Fong, K.F., Characterization of different heat mitigation strategies in landscape to fight against heat island and improve thermal comfort in hot–humid climate (Part II): Evaluation and characterization. Sustainable Cities and Society, 35, 2017, pp. 841-850.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Investigation of climatic effect on energy performance of trigeneration in building application. Applied Thermal Engineering, 127, 2017, pp. 409-420.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Dynamic performances of trigeneration systems using different prime movers for high-rise building application: A comparative study. Building Simulation, 10, 2017, pp. 509-523.
  • Zhao, T.F., Fong, K.F., Characterization of different heat mitigation strategies in landscape to fight against heat island and improve thermal comfort in hot–humid climate (Part I): Measurement and modelling. Sustainable Cities and Society, 32, 2017, pp. 523-531.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Zhao T.F., Effective design and operation strategy of renewable cooling and heating system for building application in hot-humid climate. Solar Energy, 143, 2017, pp. 1-9.
  • Luo X.J., Fong, K.F., Development of 2D dynamic model for hydrogen-fed and methane-fed solid oxide fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources, 328, 2016, pp. 91-104.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., System analysis and appraisal of SOFC-primed micro cogeneration for residential application in subtropical region. Energy and Buildings, 128, 2016, pp. 819-826.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Performance analysis of internal-combustion-engine primed trigeneration systems for use in high-rise office buildings in Hong Kong. Applied Energy, 160, 2015, pp. 793-801.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Investigation of separate or integrated provision of solar cooling and heating for use in typical low-rise residential building in subtropical Hong Kong. Renewable Energy, 75, 2015, pp. 847-855.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Performance advancement of solar air-conditioning through integrated design for building. Energy, 73, 2014, pp. 987-996.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Investigation on hybrid system design of renewable cooling for office building in hot and humid climate. Energy and Buildings, 75, 2014, pp. 1-9.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Investigation on zero grid-electricity design strategies of solid oxide fuel cell trigeneration system for high-rise building in hot and humid climate. Applied Energy, 114(SI), 2014, pp. 426-433.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Chow, T.T., Investigation on variable flow control in existing water-cooled chiller plant of high-rise commercial building in subtropical climate. HVAC&R Research, 20(1), 2014, pp. 51-60.
  • Fong, K.F., Chapter 15 Solar hybrid air-conditioning design for buildings in hot and humid climates, Solar Energy Sciences and Engineering Applications, Enteria N. and Akbarzadeh A. (ed), CRC Press, ISBN 9781138000131, 2013, pp. 485-506.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Towards net zero energy design for low-rise residential buildings in subtropical Hong Kong. Applied Energy, 93, 2012, pp. 686-694.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Chow, T.T., Comparative study of solar cooling systems with building-integrated solar collectors for use in sub-tropical regions like Hong Kong. Applied Energy, 90(1), 2012, SI, pp.189-195.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Chow, T.T., Improvement of solar-electric compression refrigeration system through ejector-assisted vapour compression chiller for space conditioning in subtropical climate. Energy and Buildings, 43(12), 2011, pp. 3383-3390.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Chow, C.K., Yuen, S.Y., Simulation-optimization of solar-thermal refrigeration systems for office use in subtropical Hong Kong. Energy, 36(11), 2011, pp.6298-6307.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Chow, T.T., Fong, A.M.L., Investigation on solar hybrid desiccant cooling system for commercial premises with high latent cooling load in subtropical Hong Kong. Applied Thermal Engineering, 31(16), 2011, pp. 3393-3401.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Lin, Z., Chow, T.T., Chan, L.S., Application potential of solar air-conditioning systems for displacement ventilation. Energy and Buildings, 43(9), 2011, pp. 2068-2076.
  • Fong, K.F., Chow, T.T., Lee, C.K., Lin, Z., Chan, L.S., Solar hybrid cooling system for high-tech offices in subtropical climate – Radiant cooling by absorption refrigeration and desiccant dehumidification. Energy Conversion and Management, 52(8-9), 2011, pp. 2883-2894.
  • Fong, K.F., Chow, T.T., Lee, C.K., Lin, Z., Chan, L.S., Advancement of solar desiccant cooling system for building use in subtropical Hong Kong. Energy and Buildings, 42(12), 2010, pp. 2386-2399.
  • Fong, K.F., Yuen, S.Y., Chow, C.K., Leung, S.W., Energy management and design of centralized air-conditioning systems through the non-revisiting strategy for heuristic optimization methods. Applied Energy, 87(11), 2010, pp. 3494-3506.
  • Fong, K.F., Lee, C.K., Chow, T.T., Lin, Z., Chan, L.S., Solar hybrid air-conditioning system for high temperature cooling in subtropical city. Renewable Energy, 35(11), 2010, pp. 2439-2451.
  • Fong, K.F., Chow, T.T., Li, C., Lin, Z., Chan, L.S., Effect of neutral temperature on energy saving potential of centralized air-conditioning systems in subtropical Hong Kong. Applied Thermal Engineering, 30(13), 2010, pp. 1659-1665.
  • Fong, K.F., Chow, T.T., Li, C., Comfort zone of air speeds and temperatures for air-conditioned environment in the subtropical Hong Kong. Indoor and Built Environment, 19(3), 2010, pp. 375-381.
  • Fong, K.F., Chow, T.T., Lin, Z., Chan, L.S., Simulation-optimization of solar-assisted desiccant cooling system for subtropical Hong Kong. Applied Thermal Engineering, 30(2-3), 2010, pp. 220-228.
  • Fong, K.F., Chow, T.T., Lee, C.K., Lin, Z., Chan, L.S., Comparative study of different solar cooling systems for buildings in subtropical city. Solar Energy, 84(2), 2010, pp. 227-244.
  • Fong, K.F., Hanby, V.I., Chow, T.T., System optimization for HVAC energy management using the robust evolutionary algorithm. Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(11-12), 2009, pp. 2327-2334.
  • Fong, K.F., Hanby, V.I., Chow, T.T., A robust evolutionary algorithm for HVAC engineering optimization. HVAC&R Research, 14(5), 2008, pp. 683-706.
  • Fong, K.F., Chow, T.T., Hanby, V.I., Development of optimal design of solar water heating system by using evolutionary algorithm. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 129(4), 2007, pp. 499-501.
  • Fong, K.F., Hanby, V.I. and Chow, T.T., HVAC system optimization for energy management by evolutionary programming. Energy and Buildings, 38(3), 2006, pp. 220-231.