Title

中國的探月夢
China's Dream in Lunar Exploration

Date: 24 September 2015
Speaker: 歐陽自遠教授
Prof Ziyuan Ouyang

Abstract

月球的各種性質與特徵表明它是一個接近“死亡”的天體。講座將介紹上世紀六七十年代第一次探月高潮的背景與科學成果,回答關於阿波羅載人登月真假的爭議。分析新世紀重返月球的緣由,以及月球的軍事、能源、資源和特殊環境的開發利用前景。總結中國月球探測的發展戰略、實施過程、嫦娥一號的科學成果、嫦娥二號的使命與拓展試驗、嫦娥三號著陸器與月球車月面軟著陸過程和科學成果。介紹嫦娥四號首次軟著陸月球背面,嫦娥五號月面取樣返回等未來任務,展望中國開展火星、小行星、太陽和木星系統探測的前景和初步設想。

The physical and chemical properties of the lunar surface suggest that the Moon is a dying astronomical object. During the 1960-1970s, great achievements in lunar exploration had been made. The background of Apollo lunar manned program will be introduced, and the doubts about the program will be explained. Nowadays, the major space countries are beginning a new era in lunar exploration. The reasons for the utilizations of the Moon, e.g. mining the resources, power generation, and the values of the environment will be discussed. China has planned the complete lunar exploration strategy. The story and scientific achievements of CE-1 and CE-2 lunar orbiter missions, and CE-3 lunar lander and rover mission will be presented. In the next three years, CE-4 will firstly soft landed on the farside of the Moon in the human history. CE-5 will return lunar samples to the Earth in 2017. As well as the Moon, China will prepare to explore the Mars, asteroids, Jupiter system and other solar system object in the next two decades.

Speaker Bio

歐陽自遠教授
Professor Ziyuan Ouyang

中國科學院院士
發展中國家科學院院士
國際宇航科學院院士
Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Member of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World
Member of the International Academy of Astronautics

歐陽自遠,中國科學院院士、發展中國家科學院院士和國際宇航科學院院士,中國隕石學與天體化學領域的開創者。1935年出生於江西,1956年畢業於北京地質學院,1960年中國科學院地質研究所研究生畢業。現任中國科學院地球化學研究所研究員,國家天文臺高級顧問。兼任北京大學、中國科技大學等12所高校客座教授,天津理工大學和貴州大學名譽校長。

近25年來,主要從事中國月球探測與太陽系探測的近期目標與長遠規劃的制訂,設計我國首次月球探測的科學目標和第二、三期月球探測的方案與科學目標,是中國繞月探測工程的首席科學家,現為中國月球探測工程領導小組高級顧問。

他長期從事隕石學、月球科學、地球與行星科學研究58年,在國內外發表論文550餘篇,專著16部,主編著作20部。先後獲國家自然科學獎、中國科學院自然科學獎與國家科技進步特等獎等多個獎項。至今他仍 然在科研第一線勤奮工作。

Professor Ziyuan Ouyang, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), member of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He is a pioneer in the field of meteorites and cosmochemistry in China. Born in Jiangxi, China in 1935. He got the master’s degree from the Institute of Geology of CAS in 1960. Currently he is a professor in the Institute of Geochemistry of CAS, and senior consultant in the National Astronomical Observatories of CAS. He is the visiting professor in the Peking University, University of Science and Technology of China, and other 10 universities. He is the honorary president of Tianjin University of Technology and Guizhou University.

Over the past 25 years, Professor Ouyang has mainly engaged in designing the short-term goals and long-term planning of China’s lunar exploration program. He has designed the science objectives of China’s first lunar mission, and proposed the science objectives of the second and the third stage of the lunar exploration program. He is the chief scientist of China’s first lunar mission, and a senior consultant of China’s future lunar exploration program.

Professor Ouyang has long been engaged in the research of meteorite, the Moon, the Earth and other planets over 58 years. He has published over 550 papers, 16 monographs and edited 20 books. He has won the national natural science award, CAS natural science award, and the national science and technology outstanding award and etc. Nowadays, Professor Ouyang is still active in the research field of his interests.

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