The physical and chemical properties of the lunar surface suggest that the Moon is a dying astronomical object. During the 1960-1970s, great achievements in lunar exploration had been made. The background of Apollo lunar manned program will be introduced, and the doubts about the program will be explained. Nowadays, the major space countries are beginning a new era in lunar exploration. The reasons for the utilizations of the Moon, e.g. mining the resources, power generation, and the values of the environment will be discussed. China has planned the complete lunar exploration strategy. The story and scientific achievements of CE-1 and CE-2 lunar orbiter missions, and CE-3 lunar lander and rover mission will be presented. In the next three years, CE-4 will firstly soft landed on the farside of the Moon in the human history. CE-5 will return lunar samples to the Earth in 2017. As well as the Moon, China will prepare to explore the Mars, asteroids, Jupiter system and other solar system object in the next two decades.
Professor Ziyuan Ouyang
Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Member of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World
Member of the International Academy of Astronautics
Professor Ziyuan Ouyang, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), member of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He is a pioneer in the field of meteorites and cosmochemistry in China. Born in Jiangxi, China in 1935. He got the master’s degree from the Institute of Geology of CAS in 1960. Currently he is a professor in the Institute of Geochemistry of CAS, and senior consultant in the National Astronomical Observatories of CAS. He is the visiting professor in the Peking University, University of Science and Technology of China, and other 10 universities. He is the honorary president of Tianjin University of Technology and Guizhou University.
Over the past 25 years, Professor Ouyang has mainly engaged in designing the short-term goals and long-term planning of China’s lunar exploration program. He has designed the science objectives of China’s first lunar mission, and proposed the science objectives of the second and the third stage of the lunar exploration program. He is the chief scientist of China’s first lunar mission, and a senior consultant of China’s future lunar exploration program.
Professor Ouyang has long been engaged in the research of meteorite, the Moon, the Earth and other planets over 58 years. He has published over 550 papers, 16 monographs and edited 20 books. He has won the national natural science award, CAS natural science award, and the national science and technology outstanding award and etc. Nowadays, Professor Ouyang is still active in the research field of his interests.