Science Technology for the
If we are going to successfully tackle the energy challenge — broadly defined as providing enough energy to support
higher standards of living for a growing fraction of the world’s increasing population, without creating intractable
conflict over resources or causing irreparable harm to our environment — then substantial advances in the state of
the art in energy generation, distribution, and end use are required.
To a large extent, the issues surrounding energy, environment, prosperity, and security are being addressed in
international conversations about how to achieve a sustainable future. In particular, as the risks associated with
global climate change become clear, the need for urgent action to build resilience to its most damaging impacts
is clear. It is less clear, however, whether there is an understanding that making full use of today’s best energy
technologies, while highly desirable, is not by itself sufficient to overcome this challenge.
Without a significant and sustained effort in basic and applied research and development, we will not have the
innovations needed to lead us to a desirable future. Coupling the multidisciplinary strengths of the US Department
of Energy national laboratories, including Oak Ridge, with the efforts of other government institutions and the
academic and industrial research communities around the world provides a means of addressing a challenge even
greater in scope than the national security drivers that gave rise to the national laboratory system in the first place.
Dr Thomas Mason
Dr Thomas E. Mason
Director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory
U.S. Department of Energy
Dr Thomas E. Mason is Director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). He joined ORNL in 1998 as Scientific Director for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) project. He was named Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for SNS in 2001 and ALD for Neutron Sciences in 2006.
Before joining ORNL, Dr Mason was a faculty member in the Department of Physics at the University of Toronto.
From 1992 to 1993, he was a Senior Scientist at Risø National Laboratory. He held a Natural Sciences and
Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) postdoctoral fellowship at AT&T; Bell Laboratories from 1990
Dr Mason’s research background is in the application of neutron scattering techniques to novel magnetic materials
and superconductors using a variety of facilities in North America and Europe. As Director of the U.S.
Department of Energy’s largest science and technology laboratory, he has an interest in advancing materials,
neutron, nuclear, and computational science to drive innovation and technical solutions relevant to energy and
global security. He is a Fellow of the AAAS, APS, and NSSA.