Diseases work more than a pathological phenomenon. Diseases threaten human beings profoundly but they also shape our identities and social interactions. How have diseases been understood and defined by different cultures in the past? This course is an introduction to medicine and diseases in Chinese history, offering a rich interdisciplinary research and cross-countries perspective to students. It includes how human interpreted, controlled and prevented diseases medically and culturally. It examines the relationship among diseases, cultures so as to understand the role of diseases in Chinese history, as well as a comparison to other cultures. Prior knowledge of medicine is not necessary. Students will develop essential skills i.e. formulate questions, collect evidence, assess historical source materials, review historical interpretations, and construct a historical analysis from various viewpoints. By the end of the semester, students will be able to evaluate the complicated connection between diseases and cultures, or politics, society and religions.