This course gives a detailed insight into the fields of genetics (including aspects of genomics and epigenetics) and proteomics. Genetics is the study of fundamental relationships between genes and traits in living organisms, and the functions and interactions of the genes in a genome. Proteomics is defined as the study of all the proteins expressed by the genome. Advances in genetics and proteomics are central to a wide range of areas in the biological sciences including bioengineering. Genetics and the proteome are intimately linked by complex pathways of transcription and translation, which involve mRNA processing, protein folding and post-translational modifications. Both genetics and proteomics incorporate areas of biotechnology, bioinformatics and biology, and utilize a multitude of methods and techniques to study the gene and protein expression profiles of cells and whole biological systems. This knowledge can be further manipulated and exploited for development of new diagnostic or therapeutic methods or industrial processes.
In this course, students will:
- Develop an understanding of a range of basic genetic principles, and the structure and function of DNA.
- Explore the fundamental relationships between genes and traits, and the functions and interactions of genes in living organisms.
- Examine basic technologies used in protein separation, detection and characterization to enable proteomic analysis of biological systems.
- Apply bioinfomatic skills in various “omics” fields including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and interactomics.