The course introduces students to projections of various possible futures, in regard to problems of future energy shortages, resource depletion (fisheries, forests, arable land, water), environmental and resources impacts of continuing population growth, and likely consequences of these types of changes for economies and human populations. Technological, economic, political, and social solutions to these actual or looming problems will be discussed, including renewable energy, new technologies, conservation, economic restructuring, and localization. Case studies of cities and other political units which are already planning or implementing various kinds of deliberate changes related to such projections (eg. the ‘transition towns’ movement, and mandated increases in renewable energy) will be compared. Students will also learn about advocacy groups and interest-groups which aim to influence these debates, and study examples of their material. The aim is to give the students an opportunity to see how future scenarios are projected and modelled from current trends, to discuss the variety of proposed solutions, to participate actively and constructively in planning and discussion of such projections, and to be able to assess selected risks and opportunities in these possible and probable futures.