To introduce students to the ideological foundations underpinning the key concepts and theories of political - economic systems, and examine how these ideologies are used to manage contemporary societies. Students will develop analytical skills which enable you to consider and analyse moral, ideological and instrumental orientations to the political and economic structures of Hong Kong and other regions of the world. The ideologies are classical liberalism, conservative (divine rights and competitive elites), Utilitarianism (especially in economics) and radical (material/ Marxist and moral variants). The course will also cover misunderstandings or common errors (such as misrepresentations in names of many political parties, ambiguities in political speeches and rhetoric versus belief in news). This is very challenging course but can be rewarding for those willing to commit effort. Students do not need to know either economics or politics but they can be helpful. A strong interest in social science is preferable and an open mind essential.