Professor Paul K Chu, PhD 朱劍豪教授
Fellow of APS, AVS, IEEE, MRS, HKAES, and HKIE
Chair Professor of Materials Engineering
Department of Physics
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Department of Biomedical Engineering

City University of Hong Kong
Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: (+852) 34427724
Fax: (+852) 34420538

ORCID: 0000-0002-5581-4883

   Professor Paul K Chu's CV

Paul K Chu was born in Hong Kong and attended both primary and secondary school at St. Joseph's Anglo-Chinese School.  He enrolled in the honors program at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio and won the Summa Award, The Arts and Sciences Award, as well as the prestigious American Chemical Society (ACS) Student Fellowship to work at New England Aquarium in Boston, Massachusetts on trace metal analysis of sea water during the summer of 1976.  He received his BS in mathematics (Cum Laude and Phi Kappa Phi) from Ohio State in 1977 and attended graduate school at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.  He won the DuPont teaching award as a teaching assistant at Cornell in 1978 and joined the research group of Prof. George H Morrison of the Department of Chemistry.  Prof. Morrison was one of the prominent figures in analytical chemistry having been involved with the Apollo moon expedition program.  Prof. Morrison was a winner of the ACS Analytical Chemistry Award and Editor-in-Chief of Analytical Chemistry, the premier journal in analytical chemistry published by the American Chemical Society.  Under the supervision of Prof. Morrison and Prof. James W Mayer of the Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Paul conducted research on ion beam processing and characterization of semiconductors and received his MS and PhD in chemistry in 1979 and 1982, respectively.

After graduation, he joined Charles Evans & Associates in California and during the eight year span from 1982 to 1990, Paul was promoted 4 times and became one of the most recognized international figures in the area of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS).  He was one of the organizers of the SIMS-VII conference in Monterey, California in 1989 and wrote the chapter on SIMS in “Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization”.  In 1990, Paul founded his first company, Evans Asia Ltd., in Hong Kong / Taiwan / Singapore / China specializing in materials characterization and analytical equipment.

In 1996, he joined City University of Hong Kong as a faculty member and ventured into the new area of plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII).  He obtained financial support from City University of Hong Kong, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, as well as Hong Kong Research Grants Council (RGC) to establish the Plasma Laboratory in City University of Hong Kong which has emerged to be one of the most well known and versatile PIII facilities in the world.  He is one of the leading international figures in plasma-based materials engineering being the Chairman of the International Plasma-Based Ion Implantation Executive Committee which organizes the biennial International Conference on Plasma-Based Ion Implantation and Deposition (PBII&D) as well as a member of the Ion Implantation Technology (IIT) International Committee that organizes the biennial International Conference on Ion Implantation Technology.

He joined IEEE in 1997, became a senior member in 1999, and was elected Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in 2003 for contributions to the understanding of plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition.  He was the recipient of the 2007 IEEE / NPSS (Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society) Merit Award for his contributions to the understanding, development, and applications of plasma-based surface modification and thin film deposition technologies.  The IEEE / NPSS Merit Award is the most prestigious award given by the IEEE NPSS to recognize outstanding technical contributions to the fields of nuclear and plasma sciences and he is the first winner from an Asian institution since the award was first given in 1972.  He served on the IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society Fellow Evaluation Committee from 2009 to 2019.  After serving as Senior Editor of IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science from 2006 to 2013, he continues to be Supervising Senior Editor of the journal overseeing selected special issues.  He was a member of the international advisory board of the IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS) from 1996 to 1998 and 2014, guest editor of 6 special issues of IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science [vol. 47, no. 5 (2019); vol. 39, no. 11 (2011); vol. 37, no. 7 (2009); vol. 34, no. 4 (2006) vol. 33, no. 2 (2005); vol. 32, no. 2 (2004)], and Executive Cmmittee (ExCom) member of the IEEE Plasma Science and Application Committee (PSAC) from 2007 to 2009.  He was the general chair of the 3rd IEEE International NanoElectronics Conference in Hong Kong in 2010, editor of the IEEE INEC 2010 special issue published in Materials Science and Engineering Reports [vol. 70, nos. 3-6 (2010)], and co-guest editor of the IEEE INEC 2010 special issue published in Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology [vol. 11, no. 12 (2011)].  He was a member of the Plasma Innovation Prize 2020 (PIP2020) Selection Committee.

He joined AVS (American Vacuum Society) in 2002 and was elected Fellow of AVS in 2006 for contributions to plasma science and surface engineering of materials and industrial components.

He joined APS (American Physical Society) in 2007 and was elected Fellow of APS in 2008 for seminal contributions to the understanding of plasma - materials interactions as well as development and applications of innovative plasma-based surface modification and materials synthesis technologies and instrumentation He served on the American Physical Society (APS) Division of Materials Physics (DMP) Nominating Committee from 2008 to 2009.

He was elected Fellow of the Materials Research Society (MRS) in 2013 for outstanding contributions to the development of plasma immersion ion implantation for modifying materials surfaces to improve functional properties and obtain novel structures for industrial and biomedical applications He was a co-chair / organizer of Symposium GG: Ion-Beam-Based Nanofabrication in the MRS Spring Meeting in San Francisco in 2007, co-editor of MRS Symposium Proceedings volume 1020, co-chair / organizer of Symposium DD: Ion Beams and Nano-Engineering in the MRS Spring Meeting in San Francisco in 2009, and co-editor of MRS Symposium Proceedings volume 1181.

He is associate editor of Materials Science and Engineering: Reports (since 2005) as well as a member of the editorial board of International Journal of Molecular Engineering (since 2006), Surface and Interface Analysis (since 2006), Cancer Nanotechnology (since 2009), Biomaterials (since 2010), Surface and Coatings Technology (since 2011), Advanced Materials Interfaces (since 2013), and Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A & B (since 2022).  He was associate editor of International Journal of Plasma Science and Engineering from 2007 to 2010 and a member of the editorial board of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms from 2000 to 2006, Plasma Sources Science and Technology from 2008 to 2012, Versita [Physics] from 2012 to 2020, Materials and Surfaces for Biocompatible Systems from 2015 to 2020, High Voltage in 2020, and Current Materials Science (changed from Recent Patents on Materials Science in 2019) from 2008 to 2022.  He was chief guest editor of the SMMIB2011 special issue published in Vacuum [vol. 89 (2013)], SMMIB2015 special issue published in Surface and Coatings Technology [vol. 306, part A (2016)], PBII&D2017 special issue published in Surface and Coatings Technology [vol. 365 (2019)], PBII&D2015 special issue published in Surface and Coatings Technology [vol. 312 (2017)], as well as guest editor of the PBII&D2005 special issue published in Surface and Coatings Technology [vol. 201, no. 15 (2007)].  He was guest editor of the special issues on "Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Biomedical Coatings and Surface-Modified Biomaterials" published in Surface and Coatings Technology [vol. 233 (2013)] and "Recent Applications of Scanning Microscopy in Surface Engineering" in Scanning [vol. 2018, ID 7546310 (2018)].

Locally, he was elected Fellow of the Hong Kong Institute of Engineers (FHKIE) in 1999 and Fellow of the Hong Kong Academy of Engineering Sciences (FHKAES) (香港工程科學院院士) for seminal contributions to surface functionalization and engineering of functional materials and industrial components by plasma-based and related technology in 2014 He was awarded The President's Award by City University of Hong Kong in 2015 and 2016 for his exemplary contributions to research and professional education.

He was awarded Thousand Talents of China (中國國家千人), Leading Talents of Guangdong Province of China (中國廣東省領軍人才), and Leader of Shenzhen Peacock Team (中國深圳孔雀團隊帶頭人) in 2016.  The research team comprising Profs. Xuanyong Liu, Paul K. Chu, and Chuanxian Ding won the 2011 Shanghai Natural Science Award (First Class) (中國上海自然科學一等獎).  The research team of Profs. Xinglong Wu, Paul K. Chu, Shijie Xiong, Jiancang Shen, Peiheng Wu, Jian Chen, Jiyang Fan, Zhao Liu, Liwen Yang, and Gaoshan Huang won the 2017 Chinese Ministry of Education Natural Science Award (First Class) (中國教育部自然科學一等獎).  The research team of Profs. Kaifu Huo, Paul K. Chu, Xuming Zhang, Wei Xiong, and Biao Gao won the 2018 Hubei Province (China) Natural Science Award (Second Class) (中國湖北省自然科學二等獎).  The research team of Profs. Zhengwei Wu, Haijun Ren, Jintao Cao, Chunhua Li, and Paul K. Chu, won the 2020 Anhui Province (China) Science and Technology Award (Third Class) (中國安徽省科學技術三等獎).  He is Honorary Director of the International Research and Development Center for Surface Engineering of Materials at Xi'an Jiaotong University, China (since 2009) and a member of the standing committee of the Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society.  He was technical advisor to the National 863 Materials & Surface Engineering R&D Center in Shenzhen in China.

In addition to being Chair Professor of Materials Engineering in the Department of Physics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Department of Biomedical Engineering in City University of Hong Kong, he holds or has held honorary / visiting professorships in 17 universities and research institutes in China: Peking University (Beijing), Fudan University (Shanghai), Shanghai Jiaotong University (Shanghai), Southwest Jiaotong University (Chengdu), Harbin Institute of Technology (Harbin), Nanjing University (Nanjing), Jiamusi University (Jiamusi), Southwestern Institute of Physics (Chengdu), Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shanghai), Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shanghai), Xi'an Jiaotong University (Xi'an), Sichuan University (Chengdu), Wuhan University of Science and Technology (Wuhan), Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, China Academy of Sciences (Shenzhen), Hohai University (Nanjing), Taiyuan University of Technology (Taiyuan), and Jinan University (Guangzhou).

He established a joint PhD program with the School of Physics of the University of Sydney in Australia and 6 students (4 from City University of Hong Kong and 2 from the University of Sydney) received PhD degrees from both universities.  He won the DuPont Teaching Award at Cornell University and at City University of Hong Kong, he was voted best lecturer and best presenter” by students in his department.  He has also taught many short courses and professional seminars on materials characterization and processing in universities and companies in the US, Canada, China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore.

His research activities are quite diverse, spanning plasma science & engineering, surface science & engineering, functional thin films, biomaterials, and energy materials.  He is the co-author of 1 book and co-editor of eight books on ion beam nanofabrication, biomaterials, nanotechnology, plasma science & engineering, and surface modification of materials.  He has authored / co-authored more than 40 book chapters, 2,000 papers in international refereed journals, as well as 1,000 international conference papers including over 150 plenary, keynote, and invited talks, and 15 conference papers received best paper awards.  For updated citation information, please browse his pages on Google Scholars, Thomson Reuters ResearcherID, and Scopus.  He has obtained over US$25 million in research funding from agencies and companies in Hong Kong, Australia, China, Germany, Switzerland, and the US.  Two of his research projects were awarded the "Excellent" rating by City University of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Research Grants Council and many of his conference papers have received best paper awards.  He was presented the Award of Excellence under the Research Excellence Awards Scheme by City University of Hong Kong in 2007.  He is a highly cited research in materials science from 2016 to 2018, cross-field in 2019 and 2020, materials science in 2021, and cross-field in 2022 according to Web of Science / Clarivate Analytics.  He is also a highly cited author of the UK Royal Society of Chemistry.  He was awarded the Materials Science Leader Award in 2023 (

Besides fundamental research, he is extensively engaged in applied research and industrial applications.  His innovations on plasma processing and instrumentation have led to more than 30 international, US, and Chinese patents.   He founded his second company, Plasma Technology Ltd., in 1998 and co-founded his third company, Chengdu Pulsetech Electrical Co. Ltd., in 2001.  The companies specialize in the development of commercial plasma-based technologies as well as hardware including ion sources, plasma ion implanters, and power supplies while also providing consultation to the industry.  He co-founded China Morefound Technology Ltd. in 2016.  He was awarded the Applied Research Certificate of Merits for innovations in plasma instrumentation and power supplies by City University of Hong Kong in 2004.  Plasma Technology Ltd. received the Hong Kong Awards for Industry: Technological Achievement Certificate of Merit for the development of plasma ion implantation and deposition technologies in 2004 and again in 2011.  Paul's research group produced the world’s first 100mm and 150mm silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers by plasma immersion ion implantation and ion-cutting and the invention that was featured on the cover of the 40th anniversary issue of Solid State Technology as the representative technology from Hong Kong was instrumental to the establishment of Silicon Genesis Corporation in the Silicon Valley in California.

He is active in amateur sports and was Honorary Manager of the City University of Hong Kong varsity badminton and swimming teams from 1998 to 2021.  He has won men's singles, men's doubles, mixed doubles, and teams' events several times in CityU Student/Staff badminton tournaments.  In swimming, he holds three current City University of Hong Kong staff records, held one CityU staff swimming record from 2001 to 2012, co-held two Hong Kong masters swimming records from 1998/1999 to 2006, and won more than 100 medals in Hong Kong masters swimming competitions.