A quantitative assessment has been conducted to estimate the probability for a trading partner to import bull semen contaminated with viable foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus from Israel, a non-FMD-free country. The study suggests that the risk of release of FMD virus from Israel via export of bull semen is very low, even though Israel is not officially free from FMD. The decision as to whether this level of risk is negligible and acceptable is up to the importing country. These findings have direct implication for trade, in that they provide scientific evidence for the utility of high biosecurity together with effective surveillance as a technical solution to facilitate exports in geographical areas with very low to low infectious disease risk.
The paper titled "Quantitative Assessment of the Risk of Release of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus via Export of Bull Semen from Israel" was published in the Risk Analysis journal in March 2017 and can be downloaded at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/risa.12799/full.