Emergency Procedures


1. Definition

2. Type of Emergencies

3. Emergency Plan

4. Goals

5. Elements of an Emergency Plan

6. Emergency Training and Emergency Procedures

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Mr. Tony Tung



An emergency is an abnormal and dangerous situation needing prompt action to control, correct and return to a safe condition.wpe3.jpg (8610 bytes)

It may be considered as a situation :

  • which may not be contained by staff using the available resources
  • where injuries, illness or damage to property have or could be incurred.


Types of Emergencies

An emergency may develop from a number of causes, including :

  • FIRE
  • SPILLS (Chemical, radioactive or biohazard materials)
    • typhoon
    • rainstorm
    • adverse weather condition
    • bomb threats
    • civil disorder

Emergencies can arise at any time. Simple events may result in serious injuries and property damage.


Emergency Planwpe4.jpg (2440 bytes)

There is no point in waiting until an emergency occurs and risk panic. The key element is planning for any emergency before it occurs. Planning for emergencies aims to ensure the safety of occupants of buildings in the event of an emergency and minimize damage.



The goals of an emergency plan are to :

  • decrease the level of risk to life, property and the environment

  • control any incident and minimize its effects

  • provide the basis for training of all people who could be involved in any local emergency as well as emergency services fire, police, ambulance, utility companies.


Elements of an Emergency Plan

The emergency plan must be designed specifically for each workplace, as it must reflect the layout of each workplace.

The following points should be included in an emergency plan :

  • a general description of likely emergencies together with a statement of the specificrisks that could be associated with each.
  • a plan of the organization's premises showing the general layout, the location of emergency equipment, medical and first aid services, fire control equipment, evacuation routes and staff assembly points.
  • information on the emergency warning signals and how they operate.
  • identification of those with authority and their responsibilities in an emergency situation, plus responsibilities of all staff.
  • a list of emergency agencies, their contact names and telephone numbers.

Provision should be made to conduct emergency drills with each of the agencies involved and rehearse the plan. The plan should then be modified in the light of any shortcoming noticed.

The success of pre-emergency planning depends on the co-operation and participation of all members of staff and their awareness of the emergency services and the layout and location of services at each site.


Emergency Training and Emergency Procedureswpe5.jpg (3168 bytes)

Procedures should be developed to cover emergency situations and all staff should receive training in the emergency procedures. This training should include clear instructions on what to do if a staff member discovers an emergency or hears the alarm. All staff need to know the emergency procedures to be followed and should be given a copy of emergency procedures to ensure that they understand the content.



 City University Of Hong Kong


Facts You Should Know

* your safety representative

* your departmental safety officers

* first aid box locations

* safety supplies box locations

* emergency escape routes

* fire alarm glass locations

* fire extinguisher locations

* security alarm glass locations

Emergency Telephone Numbers

University Security Office Ext. 8888 (Day and Night)

University Health Center Ext. 8022 (During Office Hours)

Laboratory Technician Room No._____________

Your or is Phone _____________

Officer-In-Charge Pager _____________

Report Unsafe Conditions or Working Practices

to Your Safety Representative


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1. Remain calm.

2. Alert persons nearby by shouting Fire.

3. Evacuate the immediately threatened area.

4. Break the fire alarm glass.

5. Make an immediate attack on the fire if safe to do so.

6. Close doors to isolate fire and smoke.

7. Exit the building.

     Lifts are not to be used .

     Assist persons with special needs.

8. Do not re-enter the building until clearance is given.


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Contamination Of the Environment ,Leakage of Gases,Explosion ,etc.

1. Remain calm.

2. Alert persons nearby.

3. Evacuate the immediately threatened area.

4. Break the security alarm glass.

5. Summon Laboratory Technician or Officer - in -Charge giving details of

  • Nature of the disaster
  • Exact location
  • Persons at risk

6. Do not re-enter the threatened area until clearance is given.


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1 . Assess the situation. If condition of the casualty appears to be complex, dial 0-999 for an ambulance first.

If during office hours :

2. Contact the University Health Centre at Ext. 8022 for advice, giving details of your observations.

3. In case of suspected head or spinal injury, do not move the person.

4. If medical staff of the University Health Centre advises sending the casualty to the Accident & Emergency Department of hospital, the casualty should be accompanied be either relatives, friends or security staff.

If outside office hours

5. Contact the Security Office at Ext. 8888.


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1. Do not touch the casualty's flesh with your hands if he/she is suspected of being electrocuted.

2. Break the contact (i.e. by standing on a wooden box or a rubber/plastic met and using a broom on wooden chair to push the casualty's limbs away from the source).

3. Immediately commence cardiopulmonary resuscitation if you know how to do it and are sure that heart and breathing have stopped.

4. Alert persons nearby to contact:

(during office hours) University Health Centre Ext. 8022

(outside office hours) Ambulance 0-999 and

University Security Office Ext.8888


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1. Switch off machine to eliminate radiation source.

2. Record estimates of your times and positions of exposure.

3. Record conditions of machine operation (e.g., kV, mA).

4. Seek further advice.

Radiation Protection Officer Name: ________         Room no: __________

                                                                                        Phone : ___________

                                                                                        Pager : ___________


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1. Remain (alone) in laboratory until monitoring and decontamination arrangements can be made.

2. Immediately begin simple decontamination action.

- Remove protective clothing (Leave in laboratory)

- Wash contaminated skin thoroughly with tap water

3. Alert persons nearby to contact :

Radiation Protection Officer Name:__________           Room no: ____________

                                                                                               Phone : ______________

                                                                                               Pager : ______________


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