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Prof. Chun-Sing Lee

BSc (Eng.) (HKU), PhD (HKU)

Chair Professor of Materials Science

Contact Information

Office: AC1-G6610
Phone: +(852)-3442-7826
Fax: +(852)-3442-0541
Email: apcslee@cityu.edu.hk
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6557-453X

Research Interests

  • Biomedical Materials
  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
  • Organic Light-Emitting Devices (OLEDs)
  • Organic Optoelectronics
  • Surface Science of Organic Semiconductors and Nanomaterials

Professional Roles

Publications

Published over 670 papers in SCI journals, including two papers in Science and two papers in Nature Communications.

Journals

  • 2016
    1. "Improvement of charge collection and performance reproducibility in inverted organic solar cells by suppression of ZnO subgap states", B. Wu, Z. Wu, Q. Yang, F. Zhu, T. -W Ng, C. -S Lee, S. -H Cheung and S. -K So, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, Vol. 8, 14717-14724 (2016).
    2. "Self-assembly of electron donor-acceptor-based carbazole derivatives: Novel fluorescent organic nanoprobes for both one- and two-photon cellular imaging", J. Zhang, W. Chen, S. Kalytchuk, K. F. Li, R. Chen, C. Adachi, Z. Chen, A. L. Rogach, G. Zhu, P. K. N. Yu, W. Zhang, K. W. Cheah, X. Zhang and C. -S Lee, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, Vol. 8, 11355-11365 (2016).
    3. "Probing the energy level alignment and the correlation with open-circuit voltage in solution-processed polymeric bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices", Q. -D Yang, H. -W Li, Y. Cheng, Z. Guan, T. Liu, T. -W Ng, C. -S Lee and S. -W Tsang, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, Vol. 8, 7283-7290 (2016).
    4. "Uniform incorporation of flocculent molybdenum disulfide nanostructure into three-dimensional porous graphene as an anode for high-performance lithium ion batteries and hybrid supercapacitors", F. Zhang, Y. Tang, H. Liu, H. Ji, C. Jiang, J. Zhang, X. Zhang and C. -S Lee, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, Vol. 8, 4691-4699 (2016).
    5. "A novel Aluminum–Graphite dual-ion battery", X. Zhang, Y. Tang, F. Zhang and C. -S Lee, Adv. Energy Mater., Vol. 6, (2016).
    6. "Dual-ion batteries: A novel Aluminum–Graphite dual-ion battery (adv. energy mater. 11/2016)", X. Zhang, Y. Tang, F. Zhang and C. -S Lee, Adv. Energy Mater., Vol. 6, (2016).
    7. "Rice-like Sulfur/Polyaniline nanorods wrapped with reduced graphene oxide nanosheets as high-performance cathode for lithium-sulfur batteries", W. Li, Z. Zhang, W. Kang, Y. Tang and C. -S Lee, Chemelectrochem, Vol. , (2016).
    8. "High-performance blue OLEDs based on phenanthroimidazole emitters via substitutions at the C6- and C9-positions for improving exciton utilization", B. Liu, Y. Yuan, D. He, D. -Y Huang, C. -Y Luo, Z. -L Zhu, F. Lu, Q. -X Tong and C. -S Lee, Chem. Eur. J., Vol. 22, 12130-12137 (2016).
    9. "In-situ assembly of three-dimensional MoS2 nanoleaves/carbon nanofiber composites derived from bacterial cellulose as flexible and binder-free anodes for enhanced lithium-ion batteries", F. Zhang, Y. Tang, Y. Yang, X. Zhang and C. -S Lee, Electrochim. Acta, Vol. 211, 404-410 (2016).
    10. "In situ incorporation of FeS nanoparticles/carbon nanosheets composite with an interconnected porous structure as a high-performance anode for lithium ion batteries", Y. Xu, W. Li, F. Zhang, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, C. -S Lee and Y. Tang, J. Mater. Chem. A, Vol. 4, 3697-3703 (2016).
    11. "High-performance fluorescent/phosphorescent (F/P) hybrid white OLEDs consisting of a yellowish-green phosphorescent emitter", X. Du, J. Zhao, S. Yuan, C. Zheng, H. Lin, S. Tao and C. -S Lee, J. Mater. Chem. C, Vol. 4, 5907-5913 (2016).
    12. "A pyridine based: Meta -linking deep-blue emitter with high conjugation extent and electroluminescence efficiencies", Z. -L Zhu, W. -C Chen, L. -D Zhang, X. -L Liu, Q. -X Tong, F. -L Wong, F. Lu and C. -S Lee, J. Mater. Chem. C, Vol. 4, 6249-6255 (2016).
    13. "Hydrophilic poly-ether side-chained benzodithiophene-based homopolymer for solar cells and field-effect transistors", Q. Liu, X. Bao, Y. Yan, Z. Du, V. A. L. Roy, D. Zhu, M. Sun, C. S. Lee and R. Yang, J. Mater. Sci., Vol. 50, 2263-2271 (2016).
    14. "Charge-transfer state energy and its relationship with open-circuit voltage in an organic photovoltaic device", Z. Guan, H. -W Li, Y. Cheng, Q. Yang, M. -F Lo, T. -W Ng, S. -W Tsang and C. -S Lee, J. Phys. Chem. C, Vol. 120, 14059-14068 (2016).
    15. "Hierarchical nanotubes assembled from MoS2-carbon monolayer sandwiched superstructure nanosheets for high-performance sodium ion batteries", Z. -T Shi, W. Kang, J. Xu, Y. -W Sun, M. Jiang, T. -W Ng, H. -T Xue, D. Y. W. Yu, W. Zhang and C. -S Lee, Nano Energy, Vol. 22, 27-37 (2016).
    16. "Improved performance of perovskite solar cells with a TiO2/MoO3 core/shell nanoparticles doped PEDOT:PSS hole-transporter", C. Liu, Z. Su, W. Li, F. Jin, B. Chu, J. Wang, H. Zhao, C. S. Lee, J. Tang and B. Kang, Org. Electron. : Phys. Mater. Appl., Vol. 33, 221-226 (2016).
    17. "Charge transport dependent high open circuit voltage tandem organic photovoltaic cells with low temperature deposited HATCN-based charge recombination layers", H. -X Wei, F. -S Zu, Y. -Q Li, W. -C Chen, Y. Yuan, J. -X Tang, M. -K Fung, C. -S Lee and Y. -Y Noh, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 18, 4045-4050 (2016).
    18. "Solution-processed donor-acceptor polymer nanowire network semiconductors for high-performance field-effect transistors", Y. Lei, P. Deng, J. Li, M. Lin, F. Zhu, T. -W Ng, C. -S Lee and B. S. Ong, Sci. Rep., Vol. 6, (2016).
    19. "Electrochemical energy storage application and degradation analysis of carbon-coated hierarchical NiCo2S4 core-shell nanowire arrays grown directly on Graphene/Nickel foam", R. Zou, M. F. Yuen, L. Yu, J. Hu, C. -S Lee and W. Zhang, Sci. Rep., Vol. 6, (2016).
    20. "Composition and interface engineering of alloyed MoS2xSe2(1-x) nanotubes for enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction activity", J. Zhang, M. -H Wu, Z. -T Shi, M. Jiang, W. -J Jian, Z. Xiao, J. Li, C. -S Lee and J. Xu, Small, Vol. , (2016).
  • 2015
    1. "Temperature Sonochemical Synthesis of Morphology Variable MoO3 Nanostructures for Performance Enhanced Lithium Ion Battery Applications", Q.D. Yang, H.T. Xue, X. Yang, Z.Q. Guan, Y.H. Cheng, S.W. Tsang and C.S. Lee, Electrochimica Acta, Accepted, (2015)
    2. "Graphene nanowalls decorated carbon felt with excellent electrochemical activity towards VO2+/VO2+ couple for all vanadium redox flow battery", W.Y. Li, Z.Y. Zhang, Y.B. Taag, H.D. Bian, T.W. Ng, W.J. Zhang, and C.S. Lee, Advanced Science, Accepted, (2015) DOI: 10.1002/advs.201500276
    3. "Re-Management of Singlet and Triplet Excitons in Single-Emissive-Layer Hybrid White Organic Light-Emitting Devices Using Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescent Blue Exciplex", X.K. LIU, Z. Chen, J.Qing, W.J. Zhang, B. Wu, H.L. Tam, F.R. Zhu, X.H. Zhang, and C.S. Lee, Advanced Materials, 27, 7079-7085 (2015)
    4. "Graphene-enhanced intermolecular interaction at interface between copper- and cobalt-phthalocyanines", W.D. Dou, S.P. Huang, and C.S. Lee, Journal of Chemical Physics,143, 134706, (2015)
    5. "Highly stable near-infrared fluorescent organic nanoparticles with a large stokes shift for noninvasive long-term cellular imaging", Jinfeng Zhang, Rui Chen, Zelin Zhu, Chihaya Adachi, Xiaohong Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, 26266-26274 (2015).
    6. "Chlorine incorporation for enhanced performance of planar perovskite solar cell based on lead acetate precursor", Jian Qing, Hrisheekesh-Thachoth Chandran, Yuan-Hang Cheng, Xiao-Ke Liu, Ho-Wa Li, Sai-Wing Tsang, Ming-Fai Lo and Chun-Sing Lee, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, 23110-23116 (2015).
    7. "Ionic charge transfer complex induced visible light harvesting and photocharge generation in perovskite", Tsz-Wai Ng, Hrisheekesh Thachoth Chandran, Chiu-Yee Chan, Ming-Fai Lo and Chun-Sing Lee, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, 20280-20284 (2015).
    8. "Green synthesis of bifunctional fluorescent carbon dots from garlic for cellular imaging and free radical scavenging", Shaojing Zhao, Minhuan Lan, Xiaoyue Zhu, Hongtao Xue, Tsz-Wai Ng, Xiangmin Meng, Chun-Sing Lee, Pengfei Wang and Wenjun Zhang, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, 17054-17060 (2015).
    9. "Surface transfer doping of cubic boron nitride films by MoO3 and tetrafluoro-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ)", Bin He, Tsz-Wai Ng, Ming-Fai Lo, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, 9851-9857 (2015).
    10. "Enhanced tolerance to stretch-induced performance degradation of stretchable MnO2-based supercapacitors", Yan Huang, Yang Huang, Wenjun Meng, Minshen Zhu, Hongtao Xue, Chun-Sing Lee and Chunyi Zhi, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, 2569-2574 (2015).
    11. "Surface engineering of reduced graphene oxide for controllable ambipolar flash memories", Su-Ting Han, Ye Zhou, Prashant Sonar, Huaixin Wei, Li Zhou, Yan Yan, Chun-Sing Lee and V. A. L. Roy, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, 1699-1708 (2015).
    12. "Self-monitoring and self-delivery of photosensitizer-doped nanoparticles for highly effective combination cancer therapy in vitro and in vivo", Jinfeng Zhang, Yu-Chuan Liang, Xudong Lin, Xiaoyue Zhu, Li Yan, Shengliang Li, Xia Yang, Guangyu Zhu, Andrey L. Rogach, Peter K. N. Yu, Peng Shi, Lung-Chen Tu, Chia-Ching Chang, Xiaohong Zhang, Xianfeng Chen, Wenjun Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Acs Nano, Vol. 9, 9741-9756 (2015).
    13. "Outcoupling-enhanced flexible organic light-emitting diodes on ameliorated plastic substrate with built-in indium-tin-oxide-free transparent electrode", Heng-Yang Xiang, Yan-Qing Li, Lei Zhou, Hao-Jun Xie, Chi Li, Qing-Dong Ou, Lin-Sen Chen, Chun-Sing Lee, Shuit-Tong Lee and Jian-Xin Tang, Acs Nano, Vol. 9, 7553-7562 (2015).
    14. "Electronic structures and photoconversion mechanism in Perovskite/Fullerene heterojunctions", Ming-Fai Lo, Zhi-Qiang Guan, Tsz-Wai Ng, Chiu-Yee Chan and Chun-Sing Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, 1213-1218 (2015).
    15. "Prediction and design of efficient exciplex emitters for high-efficiency, thermally activated delayed-fluorescence organic light-emitting diodes", Xiao-Ke Liu, Zhan Chen, Cai-Jun Zheng, Chuan-Lin Liu, Chun-Sing Lee, Fan Li, Xue-Mei Ou and Xiao-Hong Zhang, Adv Mater, Vol. 27, 2378-2383 (2015).
    16. "Nearly 100% triplet harvesting in conventional fluorescent dopant-based organic light-emitting devices through energy transfer from exciplex", Xiao-Ke Liu, Zhan Chen, Cai-Jun Zheng, Miao Chen, Wei Liu, Xiao-Hong Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 27, 2025-2030 (2015).
    17. "Novel bipolar phenanthroimidazole derivative design for a nondoped deep-blue emitter with high singlet exciton yields", Miao Chen, Yi Yuan, Ji Zheng, Wen-Cheng Chen, Long-Ji Shi, Ze-Lin Zhu, Feng Lu, Qing-Xiao Tong, Qing-Dan Yang, Jun Ye, Mei-Yee Chan and Chun-Sing Lee, Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 3, 1215-1219 (2015).
    18. "Broadband light absorption enhancement in moth's eye nanostructured organic solar cells", Weixia Lan, Yanxia Cui, Qingyi Yang, Ming-Fai Lo, Chun-Sing Lee and Furong Zhu, Aip Advances, Vol. 5, 057164 (2015).
    19. "Effects of graphene defect on electronic structures of its interface with organic semiconductor", Qing-Dan Yang, Wei-Dong Dou, Chundong Wang, Hin-Wai Mo, Ming-Fai Lo, Muk Fung Yuen, Tsz-Wai Ng, Wen-Jun Zhang, Sai-Wing Tsang and Chun-Sing Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 106, 133502 (2015).
    20. "Reduced graphene Oxide/Marcasite-type cobalt selenide nanocrystals as an anode for lithium-ion batteries with excellent cyclic performance", Zhangpeng Li, Hongtao Xue, Jinqing Wang, Yongbing Tang, Chun-Sing Lee and Shengrong Yang, Chemelectrochem, Vol. 2, 1682-1686 (2015).
    21. "A carbon dot-based fluorescence turn-on sensor for hydrogen peroxide with a photo-induced electron transfer mechanism", Minhuan Lan, Yanfei Di, Xiaoyue Zhu, Tsz-Wai Ng, Jing Xia, Weimin Liu, Xiangmin Meng, Pengfei Wang, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, 15574-15577 (2015).
    22. "High performance exciplex-based fluorescence-phosphorescence white organic light-emitting device with highly simplified structure", Zhan Chen, Xiao-Ke Liu, Cai-Jun Zheng, Jun Ye, Chuan-Lin Liu, Fan Li, Xue-Mei Ou, Chun-Sing Lee and Xiao-Hong Zhang, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 27, 5206-5211 (2015).
    23. "Controllable synthesis of bandgap-tunable CuSxSe1-x nanoplate alloys", Jun Xu, Xia Yang, Qing-Dan Yang, Xing Huang, Yongbing Tang, Wenjun Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Chemistry-an Asian Journal, Vol. 10, 1490-1495 (2015).
    24. "Low temperature sonochemical synthesis of morphology variable MoO3 nanostructures for performance enhanced lithium ion battery applications", Qing-Dan Yang, Hong-Tao Xue, Xia-Yang, Zhiqiang Guan, Yuanhang Cheng, Sai-Wing Tsang and Chun-Sing Lee, Electrochim. Acta, Vol. 185, 83-89 (2015).
    25. "Porous tremella-like MoS2/polyaniline hybrid composite with enhanced performance for lithium-ion battery anodes", Hui Liu, Fan Zhang, Wenyue Li, Xiaolong Zhang, Chun-Sing Lee, Wenlou Wang and Yongbing Tang, Electrochim. Acta, Vol. 167, 132-138 (2015).
    26. "Enhanced efficiency of polymer solar cells by adding a high-mobility conjugated polymer", Shenghua Liu, Peng You, Jinhua Li, Jun Li, Chun-Sing Lee, Beng S. Ong, Charles Surya and Feng Yan, Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, 1463-1470 (2015).
    27. "Arrays of ZnO/CuInxGa1-xSe2 nanocables with tunable shell composition for efficient photovoltaics", Muhammad Aftab Akram, Sofia Javed, Jun Xu, Mohammad Mujahid and Chun-Sing Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 117, 205306 (2015).
    28. "Graphene-enhanced intermolecular interaction at interface between copper- and cobalt-phthalocyanines", Wei-Dong Dou, Shu-Ping Huang and Chun-Sing Lee, J. Chem. Phys., Vol. 143, 134706 (2015).
    29. "Degradation of interface between boron subphthalocyanine chloride and fullerene", Ming-Fai Lo, Zhi-Qiang Guan, Chiu-Yee Chan, Tsz-Wai Ng and Chun-Sing Lee, Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, Vol. 204, 223-226 (2015).
    30. "Copper substituted P2-type Na0.67CuxMn1-xO2: A stable high-power sodium-ion battery cathode", Wenpei Kang, Zhenyu Zhang, Pui-Kit Lee, Tsz-Wai Ng, Wenyue Li, Yongbing Tang, Wenjun Zhang, Chun-Sing Lee and Denis Yau Wai Yu, Journal of Materials Chemistry a, Vol. 3, 22846-22852 (2015).
    31. "Iron(II) molybdate (FeMoO4) nanorods as a high-performance anode for lithium ion batteries: Structural and chemical evolution upon cycling", Zhenyu Zhang, Wenyue Li, Tsz-Wai Ng, Wenpei Kang, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Journal of Materials Chemistry a, Vol. 3, 20527-20534 (2015).
    32. "Formation chemistry of perovskites with mixed iodide/chloride content and the implications on charge transport properties", Tsz-Wai Ng, Chiu-Yee Chan, Ming-Fai Lo, Zhi Qiang Guan and Chun-Sing Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, 9081-9085 (2015).
    33. "Pyrite FeS2 microspheres wrapped by reduced graphene oxide as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes", Hongtao Xue, Denis Y. W. Yu, Jian Qing, Xia Yang, Jun Xu, Zhangpeng Li, Mingliang Sun, Wenpei Kang, Yongbing Tang and Chun-Sing Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry a, Vol. 3, 7945-7949 (2015).
    34. "Layer-stacked cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) mesoporous platelets for high-performance lithium ion battery anodes", Zhenyu Zhang, Wenyue Li, Rujia Zou, Wenpei Kang, Ying San Chui, Muk Fung Yuen, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Journal of Materials Chemistry a, Vol. 3, 6990-6997 (2015).
    35. "A recyclable carbon nanoparticle-based fluorescent probe for highly selective and sensitive detection of mercapto biomolecules", Minhuan Lan, Jinfeng Zhang, Ying-San Chui, Hui Wang, Qingdan Yang, Xiaoyue Zhu, Huaixin Wei, Weimin Liu, Jiechao Ge, Pengfei Wang, Xianfeng Chen, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Journal of Materials Chemistry B, Vol. 3, 127-134 (2015).
    36. "Blue-emitting organic electrofluorescence materials: Progress and prospective", Wen-Cheng Chen, Chun-Sing Lee and Qing-Xiao Tong, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 3, 10957-10963 (2015).
    37. "Lithium ion battery application of porous composite oxide microcubes prepared via metal-organic frameworks", Xia Yang, Yong-Bing Tang, Xing Huang, Hong Tao Xue, Wen Pei Kang, Wen Yue Li, Tsz-Wai Ng and Chun-Sing Lee, J. Power Sources, Vol. 284, 109-114 (2015).
    38. "Preparation and size control of sub-100 nm pure nanodrugs", Jinfeng Zhang, Yanan Li, Fei-Fei An, Xiaohong Zhang, Xianfeng Chen and Chun-Sing Lee, Nano Letters, Vol. 15, 313-318 (2015).
    39. "Highly stable organic fluorescent nanorods for living-cell imaging", Minhuan Lan, Jinfeng Zhang, Xiaoyue Zhu, Pengfei Wang, Xianfeng Chen, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Nano Research, Vol. 8, 2380-2389 (2015).
    40. "Graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet@metal-organic framework core-shell nanoparticles for photo-chemo combination therapy", Rui Chen, Jinfeng Zhang, Yu Wang, Xianfeng Chen, J. Antonio Zapien and Chun-Sing Lee, Nanoscale, Vol. 7, 17299-17305 (2015).
    41. "Self-carried curcumin nanoparticles for in vitro and in vivo cancer therapy with real-time monitoring of drug release", Jinfeng Zhang, Shengliang Li, Fei-Fei An, Juan Liu, Shubin Jin, Jin-Chao Zhang, Paul C. Wang, Xiaohong Zhang, Chun-Sing Lee and Xing-Jie Liang, Nanoscale, Vol. 7, 13503-13510 (2015).
    42. "Nanostructured porous manganese carbonate spheres with capacitive effects on the high lithium storage capability", Wenpei Kang, Denis Yau Wai Yu, Wenyue Li, Zhenyu Zhang, Xia Yang, Tsz-Wai Ng, Rujia Zou, Yongbing Tang, Wenjun Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Nanoscale, Vol. 7, 10146-10151 (2015).
    43. "High interfacial storage capability of porous NiMn2O4/C hierarchical tremella-like nanostructures as the lithium ion battery anode", Wenpei Kang, Yongbing Tang, Wenyue Li, Xia Yang, Hongtao Xue, Qingdan Yang and Chun-Sing Lee, Nanoscale, Vol. 7, 225-231 (2015).
    44. "A surface curvature oscillation model for vapour-liquid-solid growth of periodic one-dimensional nanostructures", Hui Wang, Jian-Tao Wang, Ze-Xian Cao, Wen-Jun Zhang, Chun-Sing Lee, Shuit-Tong Lee and Xiao-Hong Zhang, Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 6412 (2015).
    45. "Three-dimensional-networked NiCo2S4 nanosheet array/carbon cloth anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries", Rujia Zou, Zhenyu Zhang, Muk Fung Yuen, Mingliang Sun, Junqing Hu, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Npg Asia Materials, Vol. 7, e195 (2015).
    46. "Simple fabrication of perovskite solar cells using lead acetate as lead source at low temperature", Jian Qing, Hrisheekesh-Thachoth Chandran, Hong-Tao Xue, Zhi-Qiang Guan, Tai-Li Liu, Sai-Wing Tsang, Ming-Fai Lo and Chun-Sing Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 27, 12-17 (2015).
    47. "Effects of idling time between depositions of organic layers and metal electrode in organic photovoltaic device", Hrisheekesh Thachoth Chandran, Jian Qing, Hongyou Zhang, Chui-Yee Chan, Tsz-Wai Ng, Ming-Fai Lo and Chun-Sing Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 26, 99-103 (2015).
    48. "The locally twisted thiophene bridged phenanthroimidazole derivatives as dual-functional emitters for efficient non-doped electroluminescent devices", Yi Yuan, Jia-Xiong Chen, Wen-Cheng Chen, Shao-Fei Ni, Huai-Xin Wei, Jun Ye, Fu-Lung Wong, Zhong-Wei Zhou, Qing-Xiao Tong and Chun-Sing Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 18, 61-69 (2015).
    49. "Molecular modification on bisphenanthroimidazole derivative for deep-blue organic electroluminescent material with ambipolar property and high performance", Wen-Cheng Chen, Yi Yuan, Guang-Fu Wu, Huai-Xin Wei, Jun Ye, Miao Chen, Feng Lu, Qing-Xiao Tong, Fu-Lung Wong and Chun-Sing Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 17, 159-166 (2015).
    50. "Water evaporation induced conversion of CuSe nanoflakes to Cu2-xSe hierarchical columnar superstructures for high-performance solar cell applications", Jun Xu, Qingdan Yang, Wenpei Kang, Xing Huang, Chunyan Wu, Li Wang, Linbao Luo, Wenjun Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, Vol. 32, 840-847 (2015).
    51. "Improved efficiency and stability of organic photovoltaic device using UV-ozone treated ZnO anode buffer", Chiu-Yee Chan, Yu-Fang Wei, Hrisheekesh Thachoth Chandran, Chun-Sing Lee, Ming-Fai Luo and Tsz-Wai Ng, Rsc Advances, Vol. 5, 77071-77074 (2015).
    52. "A meta-molecular tailoring strategy towards an efficient violet-blue organic electroluminescent material", Wen-Cheng Chen, Guang-Fu Wu, Yi Yuan, Huai-Xin Wei, Fu-Lung Wong, Qing-Xiao Tong and Chun-Sing Lee, Rsc Advances, Vol. 5, 18067-18074 (2015).
    53. "Dendritic heterojunction nanowire arrays for high-performance supercapacitors", Rujia Zou, Zhenyu Zhang, Muk Fung Yuen, Junqing Hu, Chun-Sing Lee and Wenjun Zhang, Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, 7862 (2015).
    54. "In situ carbon-doped mo(Se0.85S0.15)(2) hierarchical nanotubes as stable anodes for high-performance sodium-ion batteries", Zheng-Tian Shi, Wenpei Kang, Jun Xu, Lian-Ling Sun, Chunyan Wu, Li Wang, Yong-Qiang Yu, Denis Y. W. Yu, Wenjun Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Small, Vol. 11, 5667-5674 (2015).
    55. "Core-shell Si/C nanospheres embedded in bubble sheet-like carbon film with enhanced performance as lithium ion battery anodes", Wenyue Li, Yongbing Tang, Wenpei Kang, Zhenyu Zhang, Xia Yang, Yu Zhu, Wenjun Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Small, Vol. 11, 1345-1351 (2015).
    56. "High efficiency non-doped deep-blue and fluorescent/phosphorescent white organic light-emitting diodes based on an anthracene derivative", Yun Huang, Xiaoyang Du, Silu Tao, Xiaoxia Yang, Cai-Jun Zheng, Xiaohong Zhang and Chun-Sing Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 203, 49-53 (2015).
    57. “Hydrophilic poly-ether side-chained benzodithiophene-based homopolymer for solar cells and field-effect transistors”, Qian Liu, Xichang Bao, Yan Yan, Zhengkun Du, V. A. L. Roy, Dangqiang Zhu, Mingliang Sun, Chun Sing Lee, Renqiang Yang, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 50, 2263-2271 (2015)
    58. “The Development of Phenanthroimidazole Derivatives in Blue-Emitting Organic Electroluminescence”, Wen-Cheng Chen, Qing-Xiao Tong, Chun-Sing Lee, Science of Advanced Materials, Vol. 7, 2193–2205 (2015)
  • 2014
    1. "Identification of multifunctional graphene-gold nanocomposite for environment-friendly enriching, separating, and detecting Hg2+ simultaneously", Z. Yan, H. Xue, K. Berning, Y. Lam and C.S. Lee, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, 22761-22768 (2014).
    2. "Carbon nanoparticle-based ratiometric fluorescent sensor for detecting mercury ions in aqueous media and living cells", M. Lan, J. Zhang, Y. Chui, P. Wang, X. Chen, C.S. Lee, H. Kwong and W.J. Zhang, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, 21270-21278 (2014).
    3. "Phase conversion from hexagonal CuSySe1-y to cubic Cu2-xSySe1-y: Composition variation, morphology evolution, optical tuning, and solar cell applications", J. Xu, X. Yang, Q. Yang, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, 16352-16359 (2014).
    4. "Achieving highly efficient simple-emission layer Fluorescence/Phosphorescence hybrid white organic light-emitting devices via effective confinement of triplets", J. Ye, Z. Chen, F. An, M. Sun, H. Mo, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, 8964-8970 (2014).
    5. "Synthesis of porous ZnS:Ag2S nanosheets by ion exchange for photocatalytic H-2 generation", X. Yang, H. Xue, J. Xu, X. Huang, J. Zhang, Y. Tang, T. Ng, H. Kwong, X. Meng and C.S. Lee, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, 9078-9084 (2014).
    6. "Energy-band engineering for tunable memory characteristics through controlled doping of reduced graphene oxide", S. Han, Y. Zhou, Q.D. Yang, L. Zhou, L. Huang, Y. Yan, C.S. Lee and V.A.L. Roy, ACS Nano, Vol. 8, 1923-1931 (2014).
    7. "Multi-alternating organic semiconducting films with high electric conductivity", H. Mo, M. Lo, Q. Yang, T. Ng and C.S. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, 5375-5379 (2014).
    8. "Suppression of time-dependent Donor/Acceptor interface degradation by redistributing donor charge density", M. Lo, T. Ng, H. Mo, X. Chen and C.S. Lee, Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 1, 1300082 (2014).
    9. "Surface engineering of ZnO nanostructures for semiconductor-sensitized solar cells", J. Xu, Z. Chen, J.A. Zapien, C.S. Lee and W.J. Zhang, Adv Mater, Vol. 26, 5337-5367 (2014).
    10. "Charge-transfer complexes and their role in exciplex emission and near-infrared photovoltaics", T. Ng, M. Lo, M. Fung, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 26, 5569-5574 (2014).
    11. "Staggered face-to-face molecular stacking as a strategy for designing deep-blue electroluminescent materials with high carrier mobility", W. Chen, Y. Yuan, G. Wu, H. Wei, L. Tang, Q. Tong, F. Wong and C.S. Lee, Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 2, 626-631 (2014).
    12. "Controllable growth of copper-phthalocyanine thin film on rough graphene substrate", W. Dou and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 105, 223110 (2014).
    13. "Efficient optical absorption enhancement in organic solar cells by using a 2-dimensional periodic light trapping structure", F. Zu, X. Shi, J. Liang, M. Xu, C.S. Lee, Z. Wang and L. Liao, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 104, 243904 (2014).
    14. "Near-infrared fluorescence imaging using organic dye nanoparticles", J. Yu, X. Zhang, X. Hao, X. Zhang, M. Zhou, C.S. Lee and X. Chen, Biomaterials, Vol. 35, 3356-3364 (2014).
    15. "A multifunctional phosphine oxide-diphenylamine hybrid compound as a high performance deep-blue fluorescent emitter and green phosphorescent host", X. Liu, C. Zheng, M. Lo, J. Xiao, C.S. Lee, M. Fung and X. Zhang, Chemical Communications, Vol. 50, 2027-2029 (2014).
    16. "A simple design for strongly emissive sky-blue phosphorescent neutral rhenium complexes: Synthesis, photophysics, and electroluminescent devices", W. Chu, C. Ko, K. Chan, S. Yiu, F. Wong, C.S. Lee and V.A.L. Roy, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, 2544-2550 (2014).
    17. "A bipolar transporter as an efficient green fluorescent emitter and host for red phosphors in multi- and single-layer organic light-emitting diodes", J. Ye, Z. Chen, K. Wang, F. An, Y. Yuan, W. Chen, Q. Yang, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Chemistry-a European Journal, Vol. 20, 13762-13769 (2014).
    18. "Highly efficient orange and warm white phosphorescent OLEDs based on a host material with a carbazole-fluorenyl hybrid", X. Du, Y. Huang, S. Tao, X. Yang, C. Wu, H. Wei, M. Chan, V.W. Yam and C.S. Lee, Chemistry-an Asian Journal, Vol. 9, 1500-1505 (2014).
    19. "A new multifunctional triazine-carbazole compound with high triplet energy for high-performance blue fluorescence, green and red phosphorescent host, and hybrid white organic light-emitting diodes", X. Liu, C. Zheng, J. Xiao, M. Lo, Z. Chen, C.S. Lee, C. Liu, X. Ou, F. Li and X. Zhang, Isr. J. Chem., Vol. 54, 952-957 (2014).
    20. "Hollow nanospheres of loosely packed Si/SiOx nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon shells with enhanced performance as lithium ion battery anodes", W. Li, Z. Li, W. Kang, Y. Tang, Z. Zhang, X. Yang, H. Xue and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, 12289-12295 (2014).
    21. "A stable high performance li-S battery with a polysulfide ion blocking layer", Z. Liu, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, 5602-5605 (2014).
    22. "Solution-processed, indacenodithiophene-based, small-molecule organic field-effect transistors and solar cells", D. Liu, M. Xiao, Z. Du, Y. Yan, L. Han, V.A.L. Roy, M. Sun, W. Zhu, C.S. Lee and R. Yang, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 2, 7523-7530 (2014).
    23. "Two-dimensional benzodithiophene and benzothiadiazole based solution-processed small molecular organic field-effect transistors & solar cells", Y. Chen, Y. Yan, Z. Du, X. Bao, Q. Liu, V.A.L. Roy, M. Sun, R. Yang and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 2, 3921-3927 (2014).
    24. "Synthesis and photovoltaic properties of conjugated D-A copolymers based on thienyl substituted pyrene and diketopyrrolopyrrole for polymer solar cells", N. Wang, X. Bao, Y. Yan, D. Ouyang, M. Sun, V.A.L. Roy, C.S. Lee and R. Yang, Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 52, 3198-3204 (2014).
    25. "Single crystalline wurtzite ZnO/zinc blende ZnS coaxial heterojunctions and hollow zinc blende ZnS nanotubes: Synthesis, structural characterization and optical properties", X. Huang, M. Willinger, H. Fan, Z. Xie, L. Wang, A. Klein-Hoffmann, F. Girgsdies, C.S. Lee and X. Meng, Nanoscale, Vol. 6, 8787-8795 (2014).
    26. "Porous CuCo2O4 nanocubes wrapped by reduced graphene oxide as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes", W. Kang, Y. Tang, W. Li, Z. Li, X. Yang, J. Xu and C.S. Lee, Nanoscale, Vol. 6, 6551-6556 (2014).
    27. "Si nanowire directly grown on a liquid metal substrate-towards wafer scale transferable nanowire arrays with improved visible-light sterilization", H. Wang, J. Wang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Nanotechnology, Vol. 25, 145601 (2014).
    28. "A graphene quantum dot photodynamic therapy agent with high singlet oxygen generation", J. Ge, M. Lan, B. Zhou, W. Liu, L. Guo, H. Wang, Q. Jia, G. Niu, X. Huang, H. Zhou, X. Meng, P. Wang, C.S. Lee, W.J. Zhang and X. Han, Nature Communications, Vol. 5, 4596 (2014).
    29. "Enhanced performances in inverted small molecule solar cells by ag nanoparticles", F. Jin, B. Chu, W. Li, Z. Su, H. Zhao and C.S. Lee, Optics Express, Vol. 22, A1669-A1679 (2014).
    30. "Constructing a novel single-layer white organic light-emitting device through a new sky-blue fluorescent bipolar host", J. Ye, K. Wang, Z. Chen, F. An, Y. Yuan, C. Zhang, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 15, 3514-3520 (2014).
    31. "Annealing-induced phase separation in small-molecular bulk heterojunctions", H. Wei, Y. Li, X. Chen, C.S. Lee and J. Tang, Organic Electronics, Vol. 15, 2810-2816 (2014).
    32. "Polymorphism and electronic properties of vanadyl-phthalocyanine films", H. Wang, Y. Zhou, V.A.L. Roy, D. Yan, J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 15, 1586-1591 (2014).
    33. "Highly efficient organic tandem solar cell based on SubPc:C-70 bulk heterojunction", F. Jin, B. Chu, W. Li, Z. Su, X. Yan, J. Wang, R. Li, B. Zhao, T. Zhang, Y. Gao, C.S. Lee, H. Wu, F. Hou, T. Lin and Q. Song, Organic Electronics, Vol. 15, 3756-3760 (2014).
    34. "Pyrene based conjugated materials: Synthesis, characterization and electroluminescent properties", J.K. Salunke, P. Sonar, F.L. Wong, V.A.L. Roy, C.S. Lee and P.P. Wadgaonkar, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 16, 23320-23328 (2014).
    35. "Assembly of MnO2 nanowires@reduced graphene oxide hybrid with an interconnected structure for a high performance lithium ion battery", Z. Li, J. Wang, Z. Wang, Y. Tang, C.S. Lee and S. Yang, RSC Advances, Vol. 4, 54416-54421 (2014).
    36. "Facile fabrication and electrochemical properties of high-quality reduced graphene oxide/cobalt sulfide composite as anode material for lithium-ion batteries", Z. Li, W. Li, H. Xue, W. Kang, X. Yang, M. Sun, Y. Tang and C.S. Lee, RSC Advances, Vol. 4, 37180-37186 (2014).
    37. "Advances for the colorimetric detection of Hg2+ in aqueous solution", Z. Yan, M. Yuen, L. Hu, P. Sun and C.S. Lee, RSC Advances, Vol. 4, 48373-48388 (2014).
    38. "Micro- and nanotechnologies for intracellular delivery", L. Yan, J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and X. Chen, Small, Vol. 10, 4487-4504 (2014).
    39. "Synthesis of honeycomb-like mesoporous pyrite FeS2 microspheres as efficient counter electrode in quantum dots sensitized solar cells", J. Xu, H. Xue, X. Yang, H. Wei, W. Li, Z. Li, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Small, Vol. 10, 4754-4759 (2014).
    40. "Water-dispersible, pH- stable and highly-luminescent organic dye nanoparticles with amplifi ed emissions for in vitro and in vivo bioimaging", J. Yu, X. Diao, X. Zhang, X. Chen, X. Hao, W. Li, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Small, Vol. 10, 1125-1132 (2014).
    41. "Plasmonic enhanced dye-sensitized solar cells with self-assembly gold-TiO2@core-shell nanoislands", S. Ng, X. Lu, N. Ding, C.L. Wu and C.S. Lee, Solar Energy, Vol. 99, 115-125 (2014).
  • 2013
    1. "Self-assembly and hierarchical patterning of aligned organic nanowire arrays by solvent evaporation on substrates with patterned wettability", R. Bao, C. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee, J. Jie and X. Zhang, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, 5757-5762 (2013).
    2. "Direct threat of a UV-ozone treated indium-tin-oxide substrate to the stabilities of common organic semiconductors", M. Lo, T. Ng, H. Mo and C.S. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 23, 1718-1723 (2013).
    3. "Novel efficient blue fluorophors with small singlet-triplet splitting: Hosts for highly efficient fluorescence and phosphorescence hybrid WOLEDs with simplified structure", C. Zheng, J. Wang, J. Ye, M. Lo, X. Liu, M. Fung, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 25, 2205-2211 (2013).
    4. "Wide-spectral photoresponse of black molybdenum oxide photodetector via sub-bandgap electronic transition", T. Ng, Q. Yang, H. Mo, M. Lo, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 1, 699-702 (2013).
    5. "Anisotropic film growth of iron-phthalocyanine on graphene on a ni(111) substrate: Roles of molecule-substrate and intermolecular interaction", W. Dou, Q. Yang and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 102, 131606 (2013).
    6. "Bipolar phenanthroimidazole derivatives containing bulky polyaromatic hydrocarbons for nondoped blue electroluminescence devices with high efficiency and low efficiency roll-off", Y. Yuan, J. Chen, F. Lu, Q. Tong, Q. Yang, H. Mo, T. Ng, F. Wong, Z. Guo, J. Ye, Z. Chen, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 25, 4957-4965 (2013).
    7. "Novel blue fluorophor with high triplet energy level for high performance single-emitting-layer fluorescence and phosphorescence hybrid white organic light-emitting diodes", X. Liu, C. Zheng, M. Lo, J. Xiao, Z. Chen, C. Liu, C.S. Lee, M. Fung and X. Zhang, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 25, 4454-4459 (2013).
    8. "Carbazole/Sulfone hybrid D-pi-A-structured bipolar fluorophores for high-efficiency blue-violet electroluminescence", J. Ye, Z. Chen, M. Fung, C. Zheng, X. Ou, X. Zhang, Y. Yuan and C.S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 25, 2630-2637 (2013).
    9. "Low-cost solar cell based on a composite of silicon nanowires and a highly conductive nonphotoactive polymer", Z. Liu, H. Wang, M. Fung, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Chemistry-a European Journal, Vol. 19, 17273-17276 (2013).
    10. "Efficient and stable deep-red phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes based on an iridium complex containing a benzoxazole-substituted ancillary ligand", C. Wu, S. Tao, M. Chen, F. Wong, Y. Yuan, H. Mo, W. Zhao and C.S. Lee, Chemistry-an Asian Journal, Vol. 8, 2575-2578 (2013).
    11. "A versatile Triphenylamine/Fluoranthene-based derivative as a nondoped green-emitting, hole-transporting interlayer for electroluminescent devices", Y. Yuan, G. Zhang, F. Lu, Q. Tong, Q. Yang, H. Mo, T. Ng, M. Lo, Z. Guo, C. Wu and C.S. Lee, Chemistry-an Asian Journal, Vol. 8, 1253-1258 (2013).
    12. "One-pot synthesis of graphene/In2S3 nanoparticle composites for stable rechargeable lithium ion battery", X. Yang, C.Y. Chan, H.T. Xue, J. Xu, Y. Tang, Q. Wang, T.L. Wong and C.S. Lee, Crystengcomm, Vol. 15, 6578-6584 (2013).
    13. "The structural and optical properties of a single ZnO comb and an individual nail-like tooth", X. Huang, J. Xia, C. Luan, M. Sun, X. Wang, G. She, C.S. Lee and X. Meng, Crystengcomm, Vol. 15, 10604-10610 (2013).
    14. "A pyrene-phenanthroimidazole derivative for non-doped blue organic light-emitting devices", Y. Zhang, T. Ng, F. Lu, Q. Tong, S. Lai, M. Chan, H. Kwong and C.S. Lee, Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 98, 190-194 (2013).
    15. "A new multifunctional fluorenyl carbazole hybrid for high performance deep blue fluorescence, orange phosphorescent host and fluorescence/phosphorescence white OLEDs", C. Wu, S. Tao, M. Chen, H. Mo, T.W. Ng, X. Liu, X. Zhang, W. Zhao and C.S. Lee, Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 97, 273-277 (2013).
    16. "Highly efficient blue and white phosphorescent OLEDs based on an iridium complex", C. Wu, S. Tao, M. Chen, F. Wong, Q. Yang, H. Mo, W. Zhao and C.S. Lee, Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 96, 237-241 (2013).
    17. "Non-blinking, highly luminescent, pH- and heavy-metal-ion-stable organic nanodots for bio-imaging", F. An, J. Ye, J. Zhang, Y. Yang, C. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Journal of Materials Chemistry B, Vol. 1, 3144-3151 (2013).
    18. "Polarity-free epitaxial growth of heterostructured ZnO/ZnS Core/Shell nanobelts", X. Huang, M. Wang, L. Shao, M. Willinger, C.S. Lee and X. Meng, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 4, 740-744 (2013).
    19. "Vertical nanostructure arrays by plasma etching for applications in biology, energy, and electronics", B. He, Y. Yang, M.F. Yuen, X.F. Chen, C.S. Lee and W.J. Zhang, Nano Today, Vol. 8, 265-289 (2013).
    20. "Silicon nanowire based single-molecule SERS sensor", H. Wang, X. Han, X. Ou, C.S. Lee, X. Zhang and S. Lee, Nanoscale, Vol. 5, 8172-8176 (2013).
    21. "In situ nitrogen-doped graphene grown from polydimethylsiloxane by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition", C. Wang, Y. Zhou, L. He, T. Ng, G. Hong, Q. Wu, F. Gao, C.S. Lee and W.J. Zhang, Nanoscale, Vol. 5, 600-605 (2013).
    22. "The effects of oxygen on controlling the number of carbon layers in the chemical vapor deposition of graphene on a nickel substrate", W. Dou, Q. Yang and C.S. Lee, Nanotechnology, Vol. 24, 185603 (2013).
    23. "Charge interaction and interfacial electronic structures in a solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell", T. Ng, C. Chan, Q. Yang, H. Wei, M. Lo, V.A.L. Roy, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 14, 2743-2747 (2013).
    24. "Infrared organic photovoltaic device based on charge transfer interaction between organic materials", H. Mo, T. Ng, C. To, M. Lo, J.A. Zapien and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 14, 291-294 (2013).
    25. "Poly(3-hexylthiophene)/Gold nanoparticle hybrid system with an enhanced photoresponse for light-controlled electronic devices", S. Han, Y. Zhou, Q. Yang, C.S. Lee and V.A.L. Roy, Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, Vol. 30, 599-605 (2013).
    26. "Synthesis of In2O3-In2S3 core-shell nanorods with inverted type-I structure for photocatalytic H-2 generation", X. Yang, J. Xu, T. Wong, Q. Yang and C.S. Lee, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 15, 12688-12693 (2013).
    27. "Beta-phase transformation and energy transfer induced photoluminescence modulation of fluorene based coploymer mono-dispersive nanoparticles", M. Sun, J. Yu, X. Huang, H. Xue and C.S. Lee, RSC Advances, Vol. 3, 23704-23708 (2013).
    28. "Improvement in power conversion efficiency and long-term lifetime of organic photovoltaic cells by using bathophenanthroline/molybdenum oxide as compound cathode buffer layer", F. Jin, B. Chu, W. Li, Z. Su, B. Zhao, X. Yan, F. Zhang, D. Fan, T. Zhang, Y. Gao, C.S. Lee and J. Wang, Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells, Vol. 117, 189-193 (2013).
    29. "Transmission optimization of multilayer OLED encapsulation based on spectroscopic ellipsometry", C.H. To, F.L. Wong, C.S. Lee and J.A. Zapien, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 549, 22-29 (2013).
  • 2012
    1. "Tunable band gaps and p-type transport properties of boron-doped graphenes by controllable ion doping using reactive microwave plasma", Y. Tang, L. Yin, Y. Yang, X. Bo, Y. Cao, H. Wang, W.J. Zhang, I. Bello, S. Lee, H. Cheng and C.S. Lee, ACS Nano, Vol. 6, 1970-1978 (2012).
    2. "Near-infrared electric power generation through sub-energy-gap absorption in an organic-inorganic composite", T. Ng, M. Lo, Q. Yang, M. Fung and C.S. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, 3035-3042 (2012).
    3. "Iodine-doped-poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-modified si nanowire 1D core-shell arrays as an efficient photocatalyst for solar hydrogen generation", T. Yang, H. Wang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Adv Mater, Vol. 24, 6199-6203 (2012).
    4. "Management of singlet and triplet excitons in a single emission layer: A simple approach for a high-efficiency Fluorescence/Phosphorescence hybrid white organic light-emitting device", J. Ye, C. Zheng, X. Ou, X. Zhang, M. Fung and C.S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 24, 3410-3414 (2012).
    5. "Plasma-assisted growth and nitrogen doping of graphene films", C.D. Wang, M.F. Yuen, T.W. Ng, S.K. Jha, Z.Z. Lu, S.Y. Kwok, T.L. Wong, X. Yang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and W.J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 100, 253107 (2012).
    6. "Charge depletion in organic heterojunction", T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 100, 113301 (2012).
    7. "Electron depletion and accumulation regions in n-type copper-hexadecafluoro-phthalocyanine and their effects on electronic properties", H. Wang, Z. Liu, M.F. Lo, T.W. Ng, D. Yan and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 100, 103302 (2012).
    8. "Energy band engineering and controlled p-type conductivity of CuAlO2 thin films by nonisovalent cu-O alloying", Z.Q. Yao, B. He, L. Zhang, C.Q. Zhuang, T.W. Ng, S.L. Liu, M. Vogel, A. Kumar, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and X. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 100, 062102 (2012).
    9. "Ultrabright and ultrastable near-infrared dye nanoparticles for in vitro and in vivo bioimaging", Y. Yang, F. An, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, M. Zhou, W. Li, X. Hao, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Biomaterials, Vol. 33, 7803-7809 (2012).
    10. "Si/poly-CuTAPC coaxial core-shell nanowire array as enhanced visible-light photocatalyst for hydrogen production", Z. Liu, H. Wang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Chemical Communications, Vol. 48, 2815-2817 (2012).
    11. "New ambipolar hosts based on carbazole and 4,5-diazafluorene units for highly efficient blue phosphorescent OLEDs with low efficiency roll-off", C. Zheng, J. Ye, M. Lo, M. Fung, X. Ou, X. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, 643-650 (2012).
    12. "High efficiency nondoped deep-blue organic light emitting devices based on imidazole-pi-triphenylamine derivatives", Y. Zhang, S. Lai, Q. Tong, M. Lo, T. Ng, M. Chan, Z. Wen, J. He, K. Jeff, X. Tang, W. Liu, C. Ko, P. Wang and C.S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, 61-70 (2012).
    13. "Large-scale controllable patterning growth of aligned organic nanowires through evaporation-induced self-assembly", R. Bao, C. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee, J. Jie and X. Zhang, Chemistry-a European Journal, Vol. 18, 975-980 (2012).
    14. "Arrays of CdSe sensitized ZnO/ZnSe nanocables for efficient solar cells with high open-circuit voltage", J. Xu, X. Yang, Q. Yang, T. Wong, S. Lee, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, 13374-13379 (2012).
    15. "Bipolar cyano-substituted pyridine derivatives for applications in organic light-emitting devices", J. You, S. Lai, W. Liu, T. Ng, P. Wang and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, 8922-8929 (2012).
    16. "Bimetallic PtPd nanoparticles on nafion-graphene film as catalyst for ethanol electro-oxidation", X. Yang, Q. Yang, J. Xu and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, 8057-8062 (2012).
    17. "Multifunctional electron-transporting indolizine derivatives for highly efficient blue fluorescence, orange phosphorescence host and two-color based white OLEDs", J. Wan, C. Zheng, M. Fung, X. Liu, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, 4502-4510 (2012).
    18. "Synthesis and characterization of cyano-substituted pyridine derivatives for applications as exciton blockers in photovoltaic devices", J. You, M. Lo, W. Liu, T. Ng, S. Lai, P. Wang and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, 5107-5113 (2012).
    19. "Microwave-assisted synthesis of Cu2ZnSnS4 nanocrystals as a novel anode material for lithium ion battery", X. Yang, J. Xu, L. Xi, Y. Yao, Q. Yang, C.Y. Chung and C.S. Lee, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 14, 931 (2012).
    20. "Construction and evaluation of high-quality n-ZnO Nanorod/p-diamond heterojunctions", C.D. Wang, S.K. Jha, Z.H. Chen, T.W. Ng, Y.K. Liu, M.F. Yuen, Z.Z. Lu, S.Y. Kwok, J.A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and W.J. Zhang, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 12, 4560-4563 (2012).
    21. "In-situ phosphrous doping in ZnTe nanowires with enhanced p-type conductivity", Y.L. Cao, Z.T. Liu, L.M. Chen, Y.B. Tang, L.B. Luo, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 12, 2353-2359 (2012).
    22. "Cu2ZnSnS4 hierarchical microspheres as an effective counter electrode material for quantum dot sensitized solar cells", J. Xu, X. Yang, Q. Yang, T. Wong and C.S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, 19718-19723 (2012).
    23. "Influences of ion-induced defects on growth of copper-phthalocyanine film on graphene substrates", W. Dou, Q. Yang and C.S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, 19278-19284 (2012).
    24. "Effect of water and oxygen on the electronic structure of the organic photovoltaic", Q.D. Yang, T. Ng, M. Lo, F.Y. Wang, N.B. Wong and C.S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, 10982-10985 (2012).
    25. "CdS/CdSe double-sensitized ZnO nanocable arrays synthesized by chemical solution method and their photovoltaic applications", Z. Lu, J. Xu, X. Xie, H. Wang, C. Wang, S. Kwok, T. Wong, H.L. Kwong, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, S. Lee and W.J. Zhang, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, 2656-2661 (2012).
    26. "Polyvinylpyrrolidone-assisted ultrasonic synthesis of SnO nanosheets and their use as conformal templates for tin dioxide nanostructures", H. Wang, Y. Wang, J. Xu, H. Yang, C.S. Lee and A.L. Rogach, Langmuir, Vol. 28, 10597-10601 (2012).
    27. "Large-scale synthesis of Cu2SnS3 and Cu1.8S hierarchical microspheres as efficient counter electrode materials for quantum dot sensitized solar cells", J. Xu, X. Yang, T. Wong and C.S. Lee, Nanoscale, Vol. 4, 6537-6542 (2012).
    28. "Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons", X. Xie, S. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J.A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, S. Lee and W.J. Zhang, Nanoscale, Vol. 4, 2914-2919 (2012).
    29. "A silicon/zinc 2,9,16,23-tetraaminophthalocyanine coaxial core-shell nanowire array as an efficient solar hydrogen generation photocatalyst", Z. Liu, H. Wang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee, F. Li and X. Zhang, Nanotechnology, Vol. 23, 175401 (2012).
    30. "Enhanced storage/operation stability of small molecule organic photovoltaics using graphene oxide interfacial layer", Q. Yang, T. Ng, M. Lo, N. Wong and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 13, 3220-3225 (2012).
    31. "Exciplex emission and its relationship with depletion organic heterojunction", T. Ng, M. Lo, S. Lee and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 13, 1641-1645 (2012).
    32. "Simple near-infrared photodetector based on charge transfer complexes formed in molybdenum oxide doped N,N '-di(naphthalene-1-yl)-N,N '-diphenyl-benzidine", S.H. Wu, M.F. Lo, Z.Y. Chen, T.W. Ng, X. Hu, H.W. Mo, C. Wu, W.L. Li and C.S. Lee, Physica Status Solidi-Rapid Research Letters, Vol. 6, 129-131 (2012).
    33. "Facile synthesis of laminate-structured graphene sheet-Fe3O4 nanocomposites with superior high reversible specific capacity and cyclic stability for lithium-ion batteries", C. Wang, Q. Zhang, Q. Wu, T. Ng, T. Wong, J. Ren, Z. Shi, C.S. Lee, S. Lee and W.J. Zhang, RSC Advances, Vol. 2, 10680-10688 (2012).
    34. "An efficient hole-transporting blue fluorophore 3,6-dipyrenyl-9-ethylcarbazole for undoped organic light-emitting devices", Q. Tong, S. Lai, M. Lo, M. Chan, T. Ng, S. Lee, S. Tao and C.S. Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 162, 415-418 (2012).
  • 2011
    1. "Tunable p-type conductivity and transport properties of AlN nanowires via mg doping", Y. Tang, X. Bo, J. Xu, Y. Cao, Z. Chen, H. Song, C. Liu, T. Hung, W.J. Zhang, H. Cheng, I. Bello, S. Lee and C.S. Lee, ACS Nano, Vol. 5, 3591-3598 (2011).
    2. "Core/Sheath organic nanocable constructed with a master-slave molecular pair for optically switched memories", G. Xu, Q. Yang, F. Wang, W.J. Zhang, Y. Tang, N. Wong, S. Lee, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 23, 5059-5063 (2011).
    3. "One-step self-assembly, alignment, and patterning of organic semiconductor nanowires by controlled evaporation of confined microfluids", Z. Wang, R. Bao, X. Zhang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee, J.C. Chang and X. Zhang, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, Vol. 50, 2811-2815 (2011).
    4. "Stability enhancement in organic photovoltaic device by using polymerized fluorocarbon anode buffer layer", M.F. Lo, T.W. Ng, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 99, 033302 (2011).
    5. "UV irradiation induced switching of surface charge polarity on pyrene modified si nanowires", W. Zhao, H. Wang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 98, 253101 (2011).
    6. "Low temperature processed bilayer dielectrics for low-voltage flexible saturated load inverters", Y. Zhou, V.A.L. Roy, Z. Xu, H.Y. Kwong, H. Wang and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 98, 092904 (2011).
    7. "High performance small molecule photodetector with broad spectral response range from 200 to 900 nm", S. Wu, W. Li, B. Chu, Z. Su, F. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 99, 023305 (2011).
    8. "Effects of rubrene mixing on the electronic structures of donor/acceptor interface in organic photovoltaic device", Z. Liu, H. Wang, Q. Yang, T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, N.B. Wong, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 257, 8462-8464 (2011).
    9. "Controllable fabrication of three-dimensional radial ZnO Nanowire/Silicon microrod hybrid architectures", H.S. Song, W.J. Zhang, C. Cheng, Y.B. Tang, L.B. Luo, X. Chen, C.Y. Luan, X.M. Meng, J.A. Zapien, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 11, 147-153 (2011).
    10. "Aggregation-induced emission enhancement materials with large red shifts and their self-assembled crystal microstructures", Q. Dai, W. Liu, L. Zeng, C.S. Lee, J. Wu and P. Wang, Crystengcomm, Vol. 13, 4617-4624 (2011).
    11. "Molecule-substrate interaction channels of metal-phthalocyanines on graphene on ni(111) surface", W. Dou, S. Huang, R.Q. Zhang and C.S. Lee, J. Chem. Phys., Vol. 134, 094705 (2011).
    12. "Distinct electroluminescent properties of triphenylamine derivatives in blue organic light-emitting devices", S. Lai, Q. Tong, M. Chan, T. Ng, M. Lo, S. Lee and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, 1206-1211 (2011).
    13. "Iridium(III) bis[2-(2-naphthyl)pyridine] (acetylacetonate)-based yellow and white phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices", S. Lai, S. Tao, M. Chan, M. Lo, T. Ng, S. Lee, W. Zhao and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, 4983-4988 (2011).
    14. "Synthesis and characterization of phenanthroimidazole derivatives for applications in organic electroluminescent devices", Y. Zhang, S. Lai, Q. Tong, M. Chan, T. Ng, Z. Wen, G. Zhang, S. Lee, H. Kwong and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, 8206-8214 (2011).
    15. "Synthesis and properties of n-type triphenylpyridine derivatives and applications in deep-blue organic light-emitting devices as electron-transporting layer", N. Li, S. Lai, W. Liu, P. Wang, J. You, C.S. Lee and Z. Liu, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, 12977-12985 (2011).
    16. "Diameter- and shape-controlled ZnS/Si nanocables and si nanotubes for SERS and photocatalytic applications", X. Chen, C.S. Lee, X. Meng and W.J. Zhang, Journal of Nanomaterials, Vol. , 830157 (2011).
    17. "Mono-disperse silver quantum dots modified formvar film", F. Li, C.S. Lee and X. Meng, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 11, 7937-7939 (2011).
    18. "Synthesis of hollow silica spheres with hierarchical shell structure by the dual action of liquid indium microbeads in vapor-liquid-solid growth", J. Wang, H. Wang, X. Ou, C.S. Lee and X. Zhang, Langmuir, Vol. 27, 7996-7999 (2011).
    19. "Synthesis and optical properties of wurtzite ZnS nanorings", X. Chen, C.S. Lee, X. Meng and W.J. Zhang, Mater Lett, Vol. 65, 2585-2588 (2011).
    20. "Arrays of ZnO/ZnxCd1-xSe nanocables: Band gap engineering and photovoltaic applications", J. Xu, X. Yang, H. Wang, X. Chen, C. Luan, Z. Xu, Z. Lu, V.A.L. Roy, W.J. Zhang and C.S. Lee, Nano Letters, Vol. 11, 4138-4143 (2011).
    21. "Facile solution growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanorods sensitized with aqueous CdS and CdSe quantum dots for photovoltaic applications", C. Luan, A. Vaneski, A.S. Susha, X. Xu, H. Wang, X. Chen, J. Xu, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee, A.L. Rogach and J.A. Zapien, Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 6, 340 (2011).
    22. "Single-crystalline ZnTe nanowires for application as high-performance Green/Ultraviolet photodetector", Y.L. Cao, Z.T. Liu, L.M. Chen, Y.B. Tang, L.B. Luo, J.S. Jie, W.J. Zhang, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Optics Express, Vol. 19, 6100-6108 (2011).
    23. "Efficient blue organic light-emitting devices with a new bipolar emitter", S. Tao, Y. Jiang, S. Lai, M. Fung, Y. Zhou, X. Zhang, W. Zhao and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 12, 358-363 (2011).
    24. "Carbazole-pyrene derivatives for undoped organic light-emitting devices", S.L. Lai, Q.X. Tong, M.Y. Chan, T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, C.C. Ko, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 12, 541-546 (2011).
    25. "High speed responsive near infrared photodetector focusing on 808 nm radiation using hexadecafluoro-copper-phthalocyanine as the acceptor", J.B. Wang, W.L. Li, B. Chu, C.S. Lee, Z.S. Su, G. Zhang, S.H. Wu and F. Yan, Organic Electronics, Vol. 12, 34-38 (2011).
    26. "Co-sputtered oxide thin film encapsulated organic electronic devices with prolonged lifetime", F.L. Wong, M.K. Fung, C.Y. Ng, A. Ng, I. Bello, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 520, 1131-1135 (2011).
  • 2010-before
    1. "Low-temperature synthesis of CuInSe2 nanotube array on conducting glass substrates for solar cell application", J. Xu, C. Luan, Y. Tang, X. Chen, J.A. Zapien, W.J. Zhang, H. Kwong, X. Meng, S. Lee and C.S. Lee, ACS Nano, Vol. 4, 6064-6070 (2010).
    2. "Tunable electrical properties of silicon nanowires via surface-ambient chemistry", G.D. Yuan, Y.B. Zhou, C.S. Guo, W.J. Zhang, Y.B. Tang, Y.Q. Li, Z.H. Chen, Z.B. He, X.J. Zhang, P.F. Wang, I. Bello, R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, ACS Nano, Vol. 4, 3045-3052 (2010).
    3. "Incorporation of graphenes in nanostructured TiO2 films via molecular grafting for dye-sensitized solar cell application", Y. Tang, C.S. Lee, J. Xu, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, Z. He, Y. Cao, G. Yuan, H. Song, L. Chen, L. Luo, H. Cheng, W.J. Zhang, I. Bello and S. Lee, ACS Nano, Vol. 4, 3482-3488 (2010).
    4. "Large-scale synthesis and phase transformation of CuSe, CuInSe2, and CuInSe2/CuInS2 Core/Shell nanowire bundles", J. Xu, C.S. Lee, Y. Tang, X. Chen, Z. Chen, W.J. Zhang, S. Lee, W.J. Zhang and Z. Yang, ACS Nano, Vol. 4, 1845-1850 (2010).
    5. "Synthesis of homogeneously alloyed Cu2-x(SySe1-y) nanowire bundles with tunable compositions and bandgaps", J. Xu, Y. Tang, X. Chen, C. Luan, W.J. Zhang, J.A. Zapien, W.J. Zhang, H. Kwong, X. Meng, S. Lee and C.S. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 20, 4190-4195 (2010).
    6. "Synthesis of multiaryl-substituted pyridine derivatives and applications in non-doped deep-blue OLEDs as electron-transporting layer with high hole-blocking ability", N. Li, P. Wang, S. Lai, W. Liu, C.S. Lee, S. Lee and Z. Liu, Adv Mater, Vol. 22, 527-+ (2010).
    7. "Importance of molecular alignment for organic photovoltaic devices", Z. Xu, V.A.L. Roy, Z. Liu and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 97, 163301 (2010).
    8. "P-type conductivity in silicon nanowires induced by heterojunction interface charge transfer", G.D. Yuan, T.W. Ng, Y.B. Zhou, F. Wang, W.J. Zhang, Y.B. Tang, H.B. Wang, L.B. Luo, P.F. Wang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 97, 153126 (2010).
    9. "Operation stability enhancement in organic photovoltaic device by a metal doped organic exciton blocking layer", M.F. Lo, T.W. Ng, S.L. Lai, F.L. Wong, M.K. Fung, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 97, 143304 (2010).
    10. "Interfacial electronic structure of copper hexadecafluorophthalocyanine and phthalocyanatotin (IV) dichloride studied by photoemission spectroscopy", H. Wang, Z. Liu, T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, C.S. Lee, D. Yan and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 96, 173303 (2010).
    11. "Limits of open circuit voltage in organic photovoltaic devices", M.F. Lo, T.W. Ng, T.Z. Liu, V.A.L. Roy, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 96, 113303 (2010).
    12. "Visible-blind ultraviolet sensitive photodiode with high responsivity and long term stability", S. Wu, W. Li, B. Chu, C.S. Lee, Z. Su, J. Wang, Q. Ren, Z. Hu and Z. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 97, 023306 (2010).
    13. "High response deep ultraviolet organic photodetector with spectrum peak focused on 280 nm", S. Wu, W. Li, B. Chu, C.S. Lee, Z. Su, J. Wang, F. Yan, G. Zhang, Z. Hu and Z. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 96, 093302 (2010).
    14. "High-efficiency nondoped deep-blue-emitting organic electroluminescent device", S. Tao, Y. Zhou, C.S. Lee, X. Zhang and S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, 2138-2141 (2010).
    15. "High-efficiency undoped blue organic light-emitting device", Q. Tong, M. Chan, S. Lai, T. Ng, P. Wang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 86, 233-237 (2010).
    16. "Organic-inorganic heterojunction field-effect transistors", H. Wang, Z. Liu, M.F. Lo, T.W. Ng, C.S. Lee, D. Yan and S. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 107, 024510 (2010).
    17. "Investigation on the orderly growth of thick zinc phthalocyanine films on ag(100) surface", W. Dou, Y. Tang, C.S. Lee, S.N. Bao and S.T. Lee, J. Chem. Phys., Vol. 133, 144704 (2010).
    18. "Alignment of charge-transfer complexes for molecular devices", V.A.L. Roy, K.K. Lo, C. Chow, S.S.Y. Chui and C.S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, 434-438 (2010).
    19. "Highly efficient non-doped deep-blue organic light-emitting diodes based on anthracene derivatives", C. Zheng, W. Zhao, Z. Wang, D. Huang, J. Ye, X. Ou, X. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, 1560-1566 (2010).
    20. "Interface studies of intermediate connectors and their roles in tandem OLEDs", J. Tang, M. Fung, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, 2539-2548 (2010).
    21. "Facile solution synthesis without surfactant assistant for ultra long Alq3 sub-microwires and their enhanced field emission and waveguide properties", G. Xu, Y. Tang, C. Tsang, J. Zapien, C.S. Lee and N. Wong, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, 3006-3010 (2010).
    22. "Novel high proton conductive material from liquid crystalline 4-(octadecyloxy)phenylsulfonic acid", C. Chow, V.A.L. Roy, Z. Ye, M.H.W. Lam, C.S. Lee and K.C. Lau, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, 6245-6249 (2010).
    23. "Long aliphatic chain coated rare-earth nanocrystal as polymer-based optical waveguide amplifiers", K. Lei, C. Chow, K. Tsang, E.N.Y. Lei, V.A.L. Roy, M.H.W. Lam, C.S. Lee, E.Y.B. Pun and J. Li, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, 7526-7529 (2010).
    24. "Field electron emission of ZnO nanowire pyramidal bundle arrays", H.S. Song, W.J. Zhang, Y.B. Tang, Z.B. He, G.D. Yuan, X. Fan, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, 2360-2365 (2010).
    25. "Color tunable electroluminescence from organic light-emitting devices by manipulating exciton and exciplex emissions", S. Lai, M. Chan, Q. Tong, M. Lo, T. Ng, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Journal of Nonlinear Optical Physics & Materials, Vol. 19, 603-611 (2010).
    26. "Synthesis, crystal structures, and photophysical properties of triphenylamine-based multicyano derivatives", X. Tang, W. Liu, J. Wu, C.S. Lee, J. You and P. Wang, J. Org. Chem., Vol. 75, 7273-7278 (2010).
    27. "Synthesis of hierarchical porous ZnO disklike nanostructures for improved photovoltaic properties of dye-sensitized solar cells", J.X. Wang, C.M.L. Wu, W.S. Cheung, L.B. Luo, Z.B. He, G.D. Yuan, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, 13157-13161 (2010).
    28. "High-performance CdSe:In nanowire field-effect transistors based on top-gate configuration with high-k non-oxide dielectrics", Z. He, W.J. Zhang, W.J. Zhang, J. Jie, L. Luo, G. Yuan, J. Wang, C.M.L. Wu, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, 4663-4668 (2010).
    29. "ZnO/Au composite nanoarrays as substrates for surface-enbanced raman scattering detection", L. Chen, L. Luo, Z. Chen, M. Zhang, J.A. Zapien, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, 93-100 (2010).
    30. "Wafer-scale synthesis of single-crystal zigzag silicon nanowire arrays with controlled turning angles", H. Chen, H. Wang, X. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Nano Letters, Vol. 10, 864-868 (2010).
    31. "One-dimensional II-VI nanostructures: Synthesis, properties and optoelectronic applications", J. Jie, W.J. Zhang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Nano Today, Vol. 5, 313-336 (2010).
    32. "Efficient white organic light-emitting devices based on phosphorescent iridium complexes", S.L. Lai, S.L. Tao, M.Y. Chan, T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, C.S. Lee, X.H. Zhang and S.T. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 11, 1511-1515 (2010).
    33. "Interfacial electronic structures of WO3-based intermediate connectors in tandem organic light-emitting diodes", Q. Bao, J. Yang, J. Tang, Y. Li, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 11, 1578-1583 (2010).
    34. "Up-conversion luminescence of crystalline rubrene without any sensitizers", H. Liu, F. Yan, W. Li, C.S. Lee, B. Chu, Y. Chen, X. Li, L. Han, Z. Su, J. Zhu, X. Kong, L. Zhang and Y. Luo, Organic Electronics, Vol. 11, 946-950 (2010).
    35. "Visible-blind ultraviolet photo-detector using tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) rare earth as acceptors and the effects of the bulk and interfacial exciplex emissions on the photo-responsivity", J.B. Wang, W.L. Li, B. Chu, L.L. Chen, G. Zhang, Z.S. Su, Y.R. Chen, D.F. Yang, J.Z. Zhu, S.H. Wu, F. Yan, H.H. Liu and C.S. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 11, 1301-1306 (2010).
    36. "Sensing of bacterial endotoxin in aqueous solution by supramolecular assembly of pyrene derivative", L. Zeng, J. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Liu, P. Wang and C.S. Lee, Org. Lett., Vol. 12, 4014-4017 (2010).
    37. "Implications of interfacial electronics to performance of organic photovoltaic devices", M.F. Lo, T.W. Ng, M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Woleds and Organic Photovoltaics: Recent Advances and Applications, Vol. , 169-197 (2010).
    38. "Facile one-step fabrication of ordered organic nanowire films", C. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Ou, W.J. Zhang, J. Jie, J.C. Chang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 21, 4172-+ (2009).
    39. "ZnS/ZnO heterojunction nanoribbons", X. Fan, M. Zhang, I. Shafiq, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 21, 2393-+ (2009).
    40. "Strong luminescent iridium complexes with (CN)-N-boolean AND=N structure in ligands and their potential in efficient and thermally stable phosphorescent OLEDs", B.X. Mi, P.F. Wang, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, H.L. Hong, X.M. Chen, M.S. Wong, P.F. Xia, K.W. Cheah, C.H. Chen and W. Huang, Adv Mater, Vol. 21, 339-343 (2009).
    41. "Polyhedral organic microcrystals: From cubes to rhombic dodecahedra", X. Zhang, C. Dong, J.A. Zapien, S. Ismathullakhan, Z. Kang, J. Jie, X. Zhang, J.C. Chang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, Vol. 48, 9121-9123 (2009).
    42. "Crossbar heterojunction field effect transistors of CdSe:In nanowires and si nanoribbons", Z.B. He, W.J. Zhang, Y.B. Tang, H.B. Wang, Y.L. Cao, H.S. Song, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 253107 (2009).
    43. "Electronic properties and open-circuit voltage enhancement in mixed copper phthalocyanine:Fullerene bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices", T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, Z.T. Liu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 203303 (2009).
    44. "Electronegativity equalization model for interface barrier formation at reactive metal/organic contacts", J.X. Tang, Y.Q. Li, S.D. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 173303 (2009).
    45. "Impact of dye interlayer on the performance of organic photovoltaic devices", S.L. Lai, M.F. Lo, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 153303 (2009).
    46. "Highly efficient nondoped green organic light-emitting devices based on a substituted triphenylpyridine derivative", N. Li, S. Lai, P. Wang, F. Teng, Z. Liu, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 133301 (2009).
    47. "Influence of the donor/acceptor interface on the open-circuit voltage in organic solar cells", Z.T. Liu, M.F. Lo, H.B. Wang, T.W. Ng, V.A.L. Roy, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 093307 (2009).
    48. "p-type conduction in arsenic-doped ZnSe nanowires", H.S. Song, W.J. Zhang, G.D. Yuan, Z.B. He, W.F. Zhang, Y.B. Tang, L.B. Luo, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 95, 033117 (2009).
    49. "Ambient effects on fullerene/copper phthalocyanine photovoltaic interface", T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, Y.C. Zhou, Z.T. Liu, C.S. Lee, O. Kwon and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 94, 193304 (2009).
    50. "Cascade-energy-level alignment based organic photovoltaic cells by utilizing copper phthalocyanine as bipolar carrier transporting layer", G. Zhang, W. Li, B. Chu, L. Chen, F. Yan, J. Zhu, Y. Chen and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 94, 143302 (2009).
    51. "High-performance, fully transparent, and flexible zinc-doped indium oxide nanowire transistors", W.F. Zhang, Z.B. He, G.D. Yuan, J.S. Jie, L.B. Luo, X.J. Zhang, Z.H. Chen, C.S. Lee, W.J. Zhang and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 94, 123103 (2009).
    52. "Interface dipole at metal-organic interfaces: Contribution of metal induced interface states", C.S. Lee, J.X. Tang, Y.C. Zhou and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 94, 113304 (2009).
    53. "Self-assembly of ZnO/SiO2 hierarchical nanostructures array on metal substrate", H. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Fan, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Chemical Communications, Vol. , 5916-5918 (2009).
    54. "Graphene sheets via microwave chemical vapor deposition", G.D. Yuan, W.J. Zhang, Y. Yang, Y.B. Tang, Y.Q. Li, J.X. Wang, X.M. Meng, Z.B. He, C.M.L. Wu, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 467, 361-364 (2009).
    55. "Bipolar molecule as an excellent hole-transporter for organic-light emitting devices", S. Tao, L. Li, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, C.S. Lee, S. Lee, X. Zhang and O. Kwon, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 21, 1284-1287 (2009).
    56. "Fabrication of architectures with dual hollow structures: Arrays of Cu2O nanotubes organized by hollow nanospheres", J. Xu, Y. Tang, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee, Z. Yang and S. Lee, Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 9, 4524-4528 (2009).
    57. "Bicrystalline CdS nanoribbons", X. Fan, M. Zhang, I. Shafiq, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 9, 1375-1377 (2009).
    58. "Substrate effects on the interface electronic properties of organic photovoltaic devices with an inverted C-60/CuPc junction", T.W. Ng, M.F. Lo, Z.T. Liu, F.L. Wong, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 106, 114501 (2009).
    59. "ZnO nanowire arrays grown on al:ZnO buffer layers and their enhanced electron field emission", Z.H. Chen, Y.B. Tang, Y. Liu, G.D. Yuan, W.F. Zhang, J.A. Zapien, I. Bello, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 106, 064303 (2009).
    60. "Dye degradation induced by hydrogen-terminated silicon nanowires under ultrasonic agitations", Z.H. Chen, Y.B. Tang, Y. Liu, Z.H. Kang, X.J. Zhang, X. Fan, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, W.J. Zhang and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 105, 034307 (2009).
    61. "Substrate dependence of energy level alignment at the donor-acceptor interface in organic photovoltaic devices", Y.C. Zhou, Z.T. Liu, J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, Vol. 174, 35-39 (2009).
    62. "Growth mechanism of ZnO nanowires via direct zn evaporation", H. Tang, J.C. Chang, Y. Shan, D.D.D. Ma, T. Lui, J.A. Zapien, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, J. Mater. Sci., Vol. 44, 563-571 (2009).
    63. "ZnO nanotube arrays as biosensors for glucose", K. Yang, G. She, H. Wang, X. Ou, X. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, 20169-20172 (2009).
    64. "Efficient hole-blocker with electron transporting property and its applications in blue organic light-emitting devices", S. Tao, S.L. Lai, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, C.S. Lee, X. Zhang and S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, 16792-16795 (2009).
    65. "Vertically aligned ZnO nanorod arrays sentisized with gold nanoparticles for schottky barrier photovoltaic cells", Z.H. Chen, Y.B. Tang, C.P. Liu, Y.H. Leung, G.D. Yuan, L.M. Chen, Y.Q. Wang, I. Bello, J.A. Zapien, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, 13433-13437 (2009).
    66. "A high performance nondoped blue organic light-emitting device based on a diphenylfluoranthene-substituted fluorene derivative", Q. Tong, S. Lai, M. Chan, Y. Zhou, H. Kwong, C.S. Lee, S. Lee, T. Lee, T. Noh and O. Kwon, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, 6227-6230 (2009).
    67. "Formation and photoelectric properties of periodically twinned ZnSe/SiO2 nanocables", X. Fan, X.M. Meng, X.H. Zhang, M.L. Zhang, J.S. Jie, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, 834-838 (2009).
    68. "High-quality graphenes via a facile quenching method for field-effect transistors", Y.B. Tang, C.S. Lee, Z.H. Chen, G.D. Yuan, Z.H. Kang, L.B. Luo, H.S. Song, Y. Liu, Z.B. He, W.J. Zhang, I. Elello and S.T. Lee, Nano Letters, Vol. 9, 1374-1377 (2009).
    69. "Coaxial nanocables of p-type zinc telluride nanowires sheathed with silicon oxide: Synthesis, characterization and properties", Y.L. Cao, Y.B. Tang, Y. Liu, Z.T. Liu, L.B. Luo, Z.B. He, J.S. Jie, R. Vellaisamy, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Nanotechnology, Vol. 20, 455702 (2009).
    70. "Large-scale synthesis of Ga2O3 nanoribbons by a two-step gas flow control", Y. Li, Y. Liu, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Superlattices and Microstructures, Vol. 46, 585-592 (2009).
    71. "Controllable synthesis of vertically aligned p-type GaN nanorod arrays on n-type si substrates for heterojunction diodes", Y. Tang, X. Bo, C.S. Lee, H. Cong, H. Cheng, Z. Chen, W.J. Zhang, I. Bello and S. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 18, 3515-3522 (2008).
    72. "Surface-dominated transport properties of silicon nanowires", J. Jie, W.J. Zhang, K. Peng, G. Yuan, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 18, 3251-3257 (2008).
    73. "Photoconductivity of a single small-molecule organic nanowire", X. Zhang, J. Jie, W.J. Zhang, C. Zhang, L. Luo, Z. He, X. Zhang, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 20, 2427-+ (2008).
    74. "Facile one-step growth and patterning of aligned squaraine nanowires via evaporation-induced self-assembly", C. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Fan, J. Jie, J.C. Chang, C.S. Lee, W.J. Zhang and S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 20, 1716-+ (2008).
    75. "High efficiency and small roll-off electrophosphorescence from a new iridium complex with well-matched energy levels", Z.Q. Gao, B.X. Mi, H.L. Tam, K.W. Cheah, C.H. Chen, M.S. Wong, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 20, 774-+ (2008).
    76. "Tunable n-type conductivity and transport properties of ga-doped ZnO nanowire arrays", G. Yuan, W.J. Zhang, J. Jie, X. Fan, J. Tang, I. Shafiq, Z. Ye, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 20, 168-+ (2008).
    77. "p-type conduction in nitrogen-doped ZnS nanoribbons", G.D. Yuan, W.J. Zhang, W.F. Zhang, X. Fan, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 213102 (2008).
    78. "Hysteresis in In2O3:Zn nanowire field-effect transistor and its application as a nonvolatile memory device", W.J. Zhang, J. Jie, L. Luo, G. Yuan, Z. He, Z. Yao, Z. Chen, C.S. Lee, W.J. Zhang and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 183111 (2008).
    79. "Approaches for achieving highly efficient exciplex-based organic light-emitting devices", S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, Q.X. Tong, M.K. Fung, P.F. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 143301 (2008).
    80. "Slope parameters at metal-organic interfaces", Y.C. Zhou, J.X. Tang, Z.T. Liu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 093502 (2008).
    81. "Interfacial electronic structures in an organic double-heterostructure photovoltaic cell", J.X. Tang, Y.C. Zhou, Z.T. Liu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 043512 (2008).
    82. "Single zinc-doped indium oxide nanowire as driving transistor for organic light-emitting diode", W.J. Zhang, J. Jie, Z. He, S. Tao, X. Fan, Y. Zhou, G. Yuan, L. Luo, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 92, 153312 (2008).
    83. "Controlled synthesis of oriented single-crystal ZnO nanotube arrays on transparent conductive substrates", G. She, X. Zhang, W. Shi, X. Fan, J.C. Chang, C.S. Lee, S. Lee and C. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 92, 053111 (2008).
    84. "High response organic ultraviolet photodetector based on blend of 4,4 ', 4 ''-tri-(2-methylphenyl phenylamino) triphenylaine and tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) gallium", Z. Su, W. Li, B. Chu, T. Li, J. Zhu, G. Zhang, F. Yan, X. Li, Y. Chen and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 103309 (2008).
    85. "Memory effect and negative differential resistance in tris-(8-hydroxy quinoline) aluminum/bathocuproine bilayer devices", Z.S. Su, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, W.L. Li and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 083301 (2008).
    86. "High-efficiency endothermic energy transfer in polymeric light-emitting devices based on cyclometalated ir complexes", H. Liu, P. Wang, J. He, C. Zheng, X. Zhang, S. Chew, C.S. Lee, J. Chang and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 92, 023301 (2008).
    87. "Enhanced electrical properties of pentacene-based organic thin-film transistors by modifying the gate insulator surface", J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee, M.Y. Chan and S.T. Lee, Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 254, 7688-7692 (2008).
    88. "Single-crystal 9,10-diphenylanthracene nanoribbons and nanorods", X. Zhang, G. Yuan, Q. Li, B. Wang, X. Zhang, R. Zhang, J.C. Chang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 20, 6945-6950 (2008).
    89. "Highly efficient blue organic light-emitting device based on a nondoped electroluminescent material", Q. Tong, S. Lai, M. Chan, Y. Zhou, H. Kwong, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 20, 6310-6312 (2008).
    90. "Grafting branches and diameter adjustment to nanotubes", H. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Li, Y. Shan, I. Shafiq, C.S. Lee, D.D.D. Ma and S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 20, 3740-3744 (2008).
    91. "Charge generation layer in stacked organic light-emitting devices", M.K. Fung, K.M. Lau, S.L. Lai, C.W. Law, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 104, 034509 (2008).
    92. "Long-lifetime thin-film encapsulated organic light-emitting diodes", F.L. Wong, M.K. Fung, S.L. Tao, S.L. Lai, W.M. Tsang, K.H. Kong, W.M. Choy, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 104, 014509 (2008).
    93. "Epitaxial ZnS/Si core-shell nanowires and single-crystal silicon tube field-effect transistors", Z.H. Chen, H. Tang, X. Fan, J.S. Je, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 310, 165-170 (2008).
    94. "A triphenylamine derivative as a single-emitting component for highly-efficient white electroluminescent devices", S. Tao, Y. Zhou, C.S. Lee, S. Lee, D. Huang and X. Zhang, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 18, 3981-3984 (2008).
    95. "One- or semi-two-dimensional organic nanocrystals induced by directional supramolecular interactions", X. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Wang, C. Zhang, J.C. Chang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, 16264-16268 (2008).
    96. "Highly efficient nondoped blue organic light-emitting diodes based on anthracene-triphenylamine derivatives", S. Tao, Y. Zhou, C.S. Lee, S. Lee, D. Huang and X. Zhang, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, 14603-14606 (2008).
    97. "New fluorene derivatives for blue electroluminescent devices: Influence of substituents on thermal properties, photoluminescence, and electroluminescence", Z. Peng, S. Tao, X. Zhang, J. Tang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, 2165-2169 (2008).
    98. "Vertically aligned p-type single-crystalline GaN nanorod arrays on n-type si for heterojunction photovoltaic cells", Y.B. Tang, Z.H. Chen, H.S. Song, C.S. Lee, H.T. Cong, H.M. Cheng, W.J. Zhang, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Nano Letters, Vol. 8, 4191-4195 (2008).
    99. "p-type ZnO nanowire arrays", G.D. Yuan, W.J. Zhang, J.S. Jie, X. Fan, J.A. Zapien, Y.H. Leung, L.B. Luo, P.F. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Nano Letters, Vol. 8, 2591-2597 (2008).
    100. "Synthesis and characterization of GaP nanochains with a twin-modulated quasi-periodic structure", Y.K. Liu, Y.Y. Shan, H.B. Wang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Superlattices and Microstructures, Vol. 44, 208-215 (2008).
    101. "Transparent conducting aluminum-doped zinc oxide thin film prepared by sol-gel process followed by laser irradiation treatment", W.M. Tsang, F.L. Wong, M.K. Fung, J.C. Chang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 517, 891-895 (2008).
    102. "Lifetime improvement of organic light-emitting diodes using silicon oxy-nitride as anode modifier", F.L. Wong, M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, K.H. Lai, W.M. Tsang, T.W. Ng, C.O. Poon, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 516, 8195-8198 (2008).
    103. "Influences of connecting unit architecture on the performance of tandem organic light-emitting devices", M. Chan, S. Lai, K. Lau, M. Fung, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 17, 2509-2514 (2007).
    104. "Single-crystal organic microtubes with a rectangular cross section", X. Zhang, X. Zhang, W. Shi, X. Meng, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, Vol. 46, 1525-1528 (2007).
    105. "Efficient green organic light-emitting devices with a nondoped dual-functional electroluminescent material", Q. Tong, S. Lai, M. Chan, K. Lai, J. Tang, H. Kwong, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 91, 153504 (2007).
    106. ""Doping-induced efficiency enhancement in organic photovoltaic devices" (vol 90, art. no. 023504, 2007)", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 91, 089902 (2007).
    107. "High-efficiency nondoped white organic light-emitting devices", Q. Tong, S. Lai, M. Chan, J. Tang, H. Kwong, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 91, 023503 (2007).
    108. "Efficient blue and white organic light-emitting devices based on a single bipolar emitter", S. Tao, C.S. Lee, S. Lee and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 91, 013507 (2007).
    109. "Continuous near-infrared-to-ultraviolet lasing from II-VI nanoribbons", J.A. Zapien, Y.K. Liu, Y.Y. Shan, H. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 90, 213114 (2007).
    110. "Efficiency enhancement and voltage reduction in white organic light-emitting devices", S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 90, 203510 (2007).
    111. "Template fabrication of SiO2 nanotubes", X. Fan, X. Meng, X. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 90, 103114 (2007).
    112. "Doping-induced efficiency enhancement in organic photovoltaic devices", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 90, 023504 (2007).
    113. "Oxide shell assisted vapor-liquid-solid growth of periodic composite nanowires - A case of Si/Sn", H. Wang, X.H. Zhang, C.S. Lee, K. Zou, W.S. Shi, S.K. Wu, J. Chang and S.T. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 19, 5598-5601 (2007).
    114. "Electronic structures of organic/organic heterojunctions: From vacuum level alignment to fermi level pinning", J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 101, 064504 (2007).
    115. "Copper hexadecafluorophthalocyanine and copper phthalocyanine as a pure organic connecting unit in blue tandem organic light-emitting devices", S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 101, 014509 (2007).
    116. "Photo luminescence and electroluminescence of a novel green-yellow emitting material-5,6-bis-[4-(naphthalene-1-yl-phenyl-amino)-phenyl]- pyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitrile", S. Chew, P. Wang, Z. Hong, H.L. Kwong, J. Tang, S. Sun, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, J Lumin, Vol. 124, 221-227 (2007).
    117. "Single-crystal nanoribbons, nanotubes, and nanowires from intramolecular charge-transfer organic molecules", X. Zhang, X. Zhang, K. Zou, C.S. Lee and S. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol. 129, 3527-3532 (2007).
    118. "Wavelength-tunable lasing in single-crystal CdS1-XSeX nanoribbons", Y.K. Liu, J.A. Zapien, Y.Y. Shan, H. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Nanotechnology, Vol. 18, 365606 (2007).
    119. "Transparent organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Yb : Ag cathode", W.F. Xie, K.C. Lau, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 515, 6975-6977 (2007).
    120. "Dart-shaped tricrystal ZnS nanoribbons", X. Fan, X.M. Meng, X.H. Zhang, W.S. Shi, W.J. Zhang, J.A. Zapien, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, Vol. 45, 2568-2571 (2006).
    121. "High-contrast and high-efficiency top-emitting organic light-emitting devices", W.F. Xie, H.Y. Sun, C.W. Law, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and S.Y. Liu, Applied Physics A-Materials Science & Processing, Vol. 85, 95-97 (2006).
    122. "Application of metal-doped organic layer both as exciton blocker and optical spacer for organic photovoltaic devices", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, K.M. Lau, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 89, 163515 (2006).
    123. "Effective organic-based connection unit for stacked organic light-emitting devices", C.W. Law, K.M. Lau, M.K. Fung, M.Y. Chan, F.L. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 89, 133511 (2006).
    124. "Substrate effects on the electronic properties of an organic/organic heterojunction", J.X. Tang, K.M. Lau, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 232103 (2006).
    125. "Fluorocarbon film as cathode protective coating in organic light-emitting devices", H.Y. Sun, K.M. Lau, K.C. Lau, M.Y. Chan, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 223503 (2006).
    126. "High-performance organic red-light-emitting devices based on a greenish-yellow-light-emitting host and long-wavelength emitting dopant", S. Chew, P.F. Wang, Z.R. Hong, S.L. Tao, J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee, N.B. Wong, H.L. Kwong and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 183504 (2006).
    127. "Interfacial electronic structure of copper phthalocyanine and copper hexadecafluorophthalocyanine studied by photoemission", K.M. Lau, J.X. Tang, H.Y. Sun, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and D.H. Yan, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 173513 (2006).
    128. "Photoluminescence and electroluminescence of a new blue-emitting homoleptic iridium complex", S. Chew, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, P.F. Wang, J. He, W. Li, J. Pan, X.H. Zhang and H.L. Kwong, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 093510 (2006).
    129. "Contrast improvement of organic light-emitting devices with sm : Ag cathode", K.C. Lau, W.F. Xie, H.Y. Sun, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 083507 (2006).
    130. "Surface microstructure analysis of cubic boron nitride films by transmission electron microscopy", X.M. Meng, W.J. Zhang, C.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 031904 (2006).
    131. "Chemical bonding and electronic structures at magnesium/copper phthalocyanine interfaces", J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 252, 3948-3952 (2006).
    132. "Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy investigation of interface formation in an indium-tin oxide/fluorocarbon/organic semiconductor contact", S.W. Tong, K.M. Lau, H.Y. Sun, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, Y. Lifshitz and S.T. Lee, Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 252, 3806-3811 (2006).
    133. "Organic heterojunctions and their roles in organic optoelectronic devices", J.X. Tang, K.M. Lau, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Imid/idmc 2006: The 6th International Meeting on Information Display/the 5th International Display Manufacturing Conference, Digest of Technical Papers, Vol. , 233-233 (2006).
    134. "Efficient organic photovoltaic devices using a combination of exciton blocking layer and anodic buffer layer", M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, F.L. Wong, H.Y. Sun, K.M. Lau and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 100, 094506 (2006).
    135. "High-efficiency white organic light-emitting devices using a blue iridium complex to sensitize a red fluorescent dye", W.F. Xie, S.L. Chew, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, P.F. Wang and H.L. Kwong, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 100, 096114 (2006).
    136. "Performance enhancement of organic light-emitting diode by heat treatment", F.L. Wong, H.Y. Sun, S.W. Tong, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 288, 110-114 (2006).
    137. "Geometric and excited-state properties of 1,4-bis(benzothiazolylvinyl) benzene interacting with 2,2 ',2 ''-(1,3,5-phenylene)tris[1-phenyl-1H-benzimidazole] studied by a density-functional tight-binding method", C.S. Lin, R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee, T.A. Niehaus and T. Frauenheim, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 110, 20847-20851 (2006).
    138. "Observation of near infrared and enhanced visible emissions from electroluminescent devices with organo samarium(III) complex", B. Chu, W.L. Li, Z.R. Hong, F.X. Zang, H.Z. Wei, D.Y. Wang, M.T. Li, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, Vol. 39, 4549-4552 (2006).
    139. "Photoluminescence and photoconductivity properties of copper-doped Cd1-xZnxS nanoribbons", T.Y. Lui, J.A. Zapien, H. Tang, D.D.D. Ma, Y.K. Liu, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, S.L. Shi and S.J. Xu, Nanotechnology, Vol. 17, 5935-5940 (2006).
    140. "Electron mobility of rare earth complexes measured by transient electroluminescence method", F.X. Zang, O. Lengyel, W. Li, Z.R. Hong, Z. Liu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Solid-State Electronics, Vol. 50, 1584-1587 (2006).
    141. "Photoluminescence and electroluminescence of 3-methyl-8-dimethylaminophenazine", S. Chew, P.F. Wang, O.Y. Wong, Z.R. Hong, M.X. He, R.Q. Zhang, H. Kwong, J.X. Tang, S.L. Sun, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 156, 185-189 (2006).
    142. "Highly efficient non-doped blue organic light-emitting diodes based on fluorene derivatives with high thermal stability", S.L. Tao, Z.K. Peng, X.H. Zhang, P.F. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 15, 1716-1721 (2005).
    143. "Wavelength-controlled lasing in ZnxCd1-xS single-crystal nanoribbons", Y.K. Liu, J.A. Zapien, Y.Y. Shan, C.Y. Geng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 17, 1372-+ (2005).
    144. "Electronegativity model for barrier formation at metal/organic interfaces", J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 87, 252110 (2005).
    145. "High-efficiency polymer electrophosphorescent diodes based on an ir (III) complex", H.M. Liu, J. He, P.F. Wang, H.Z. Xie, X.H. Zhang, C.S. Lee, B.Q. Sun and Y.J. Xia, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 87, 221103 (2005).
    146. "A high tg carbazole-based hole-transporting material for organic light-emitting devices", J.Y. Li, D. Liu, Y.Q. Li, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong and S.T. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 17, 1208-1212 (2005).
    147. "Novel starburst molecule as a hole injecting and transporting material for organic light-emitting devices", J.Y. Li, C.W. Ma, J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 17, 615-619 (2005).
    148. "Photovoltaic effects of diodes containing lanthanide complexes", B. Chu, W.L. Li, H.Z. Wei, D.Y. Wang, M.T. Li, Z.Q. Zhang, Z.Z. Hu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Alloys Compounds, Vol. 389, 252-255 (2005).
    149. "Uniform-diameter, aligned carbon nanotubes from microwave plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor deposition", W.K. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 97, 084307 (2005).
    150. "Efficient UV-sensitive organic photovoltaic devices using a starburst amine as electron donor", J.Y. Li, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 15, 3268-3271 (2005).
    151. "Calcium/poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) interaction: A theoretical study", S.L. Sun, C.S. Lin, R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 109, 12868-12873 (2005).
    152. "Molecular orientation and film morphology of pentacene on native silicon oxide surface", S.D. Wang, X. Dong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 109, 9892-9896 (2005).
    153. "Fabrication and microstructures of si composite nanocone arrays", X.M. Meng, N.G. Shang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Physica Status Solidi A-Applications and Materials Science, Vol. 202, 2479-2483 (2005).
    154. "Temperature-dependent growth of germanium oxide and silicon oxide based nanostructures, aligned silicon oxide nanowire assemblies, and silicon oxide microtubes", J.Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Small, Vol. 1, 429-438 (2005).
    155. "Study of tribological performance of ECR-CVD diamond-like carbon coatings on steel substrates part 1. the effect of processing parameters and operating conditions", K.Y. Li, Z.F. Zhou, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Wear, Vol. 258, 1577-1588 (2005).
    156. "Study of tribological performance of ECR-CVD diamond-like carbon coatings on steel substrates part 2. the analysis of wear mechanism", Z.F. Zhou, K.Y. Li, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Wear, Vol. 258, 1589-1599 (2005).
    157. "White-light emission from a single-emitting-component organic electroluminescent device", J.Y. Li, D. Liu, C.W. Ma, O. Lengyel, C.S. Lee, C.H. Tung and S. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 16, 1538-+ (2004).
    158. "High-quality CdS nanoribbons with lasing cavity", Y.K. Liu, J.A. Zapien, C.Y. Geng, Y.Y. Shan, C.S. Lee, Y. Lifshitz and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 85, 3241-3243 (2004).
    159. "Observation of 1.5 mu m photoluminescence and electroluminescence from a holmium organic complex", F.X. Zang, W.L. Li, Z.R. Hong, H.Z. Wei, M.T. Li, X.Y. Sun and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 84, 5115-5117 (2004).
    160. "Photoemission study of hole-injection enhancement in organic electroluminescent devices with Au/CFx anode", J.X. Tang, Y.Q. Li, L.S. Hung and C.S. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 84, 73-75 (2004).
    161. "Photoemission and vibrational studies of metal/organic interfaces modified by plasma-polymerized fluorocarbon films", J.X. Tang, Y.Q. Li, X. Dong, S.D. Wang, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 239, 117-124 (2004).
    162. "Application of an evaporable fluoro-molecule as an anode buffer layer in organic electroluminescent devices", D.Q. Gao, M.Y. Chan, S.W. Tong, F.L. Wong, S.L. Lai, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 399, 337-341 (2004).
    163. "Time-resolved transient electroluminescence measurements of emission from DCM-doped alq(3) layers", C.W. Ma, O. Lengyel, J. Kovac, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 397, 87-90 (2004).
    164. "Electronegativity and charge-injection barrier at organic/metal interfaces", J.X. Tang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and Y.B. Xu, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 396, 92-96 (2004).
    165. "Interface gap states of 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum induced by cesium metal", M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, S.W. Tong, S.N. Bao, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 392, 40-43 (2004).
    166. "Impact of the metal cathode and CsF buffer layer on the performance of organic light-emitting devices", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 95, 5397-5402 (2004).
    167. "Zinc selenide nanoribbons and nanowires", Y. Jiang, X.M. Meng, W.C. Yiu, J. Liu, J.X. Ding, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 108, 2784-2787 (2004).
    168. "Orderly growth of copper phthalocyanine on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) at high substrate temperatures", S.D. Wang, X. Dong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 108, 1529-1532 (2004).
    169. "Flexible organic light-emitting device based on magnetron sputtered indium-tin-oxide on plastic substrate", F.L. Wong, M.K. Fung, S.W. Tong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 466, 225-230 (2004).
    170. "Enhancement of green electroluminescence from 2,5-di-p-anisyl-isobenzofuran by double-layer doping strategy", J.Y. Li, Z.R. Hong, P.F. Wang, C.S. Lee, N.B. Wong, H.L. Kwong and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 446, 111-116 (2004).
    171. "Non-reflective black cathode in organic light-emitting diode", F.L. Wong, M.K. Fung, X. Jiang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 446, 143-146 (2004).
    172. "High-resolution electron-energy-loss spectroscopy study on the reaction of MgF2 with alq(3) (8-hydroxy-quinoline) aluminum", H.J. Zhang, S.N. Bao, P.M. He, S.D. Wang, M.K. Fung, R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Acta Phys. Sinica, Vol. 52, 2337-2341 (2003).
    173. "ZnS nanowires with wurtzite polytype modulated structure", Y. Jiang, X.M. Meng, J. Liu, Z.R. Hong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 15, 1195-+ (2003).
    174. "High-density, ordered ultraviolet light-emitting ZnO nanowire arrays", C.H. Liu, J.A. Zapien, Y. Yao, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee, S.S. Fan, Y. Lifshitz and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 15, 838-+ (2003).
    175. "Growth direction and cross-sectional study of silicon nanowires", C.P. Li, C.S. Lee, X.L. Ma, N. Wang, R.Q. Zhang and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 15, 607-609 (2003).
    176. "Fabrication of germanium-filled silica nanotubes and aligned silica nanofibers", J.Q. Hu, X.M. Meng, Y. Jiang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 15, 70-+ (2003).
    177. "Hydrogen-assisted thermal evaporation synthesis of ZnS nanoribbons on a large scale", Y. Jiang, X.M. Meng, J. Liu, Z.Y. Xie, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 15, 323-327 (2003).
    178. "Gallium nitride nanowires doped with silicon", J. Liu, X.M. Meng, Y. Jiang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 83, 4241-4243 (2003).
    179. "Electrical properties of zinc oxide nanowires and intramolecular p-n junctions", C.H. Liu, W.C. Yiu, F.C.K. Au, J.X. Ding, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 83, 3168-3170 (2003).
    180. "Oxide-assisted growth and characterization of Ge/SiOx nanocables", X.M. Meng, J.Q. Hu, Y. Jiang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 83, 2241-2243 (2003).
    181. "Synthesis and characterization of ZnS bicrystal nanoribbons", X.M. Meng, Y. Jiang, J. Liu, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 83, 2244-2246 (2003).
    182. "Properties of 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethyl-aminostyryl)-4H-pyran-doped alq layers as optically pumped lasers", J. Jakabovic, O. Lengyel, J. Kovac, T.C. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 83, 1295-1297 (2003).
    183. "Improved performance and stability of organic light-emitting devices with silicon oxy-nitride buffer layer", C.O. Poon, F.L. Wong, S.W. Tong, R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 83, 1038-1040 (2003).
    184. "Efficient red electroluminescence from organic devices using dye-doped rare earth complexes", Z.R. Hong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, W.L. Li and S.Y. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 82, 2218-2220 (2003).
    185. "Efficient CsF/Yb/Ag cathodes for organic light-emitting devices", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, S.W. Tong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 82, 1784-1786 (2003).
    186. "A dinuclear aluminum 8-hydroxyquinoline complex with high electron mobility for organic light-emitting diodes", D.G. Ma, G. Wang, Y.F. Hu, Y.G. Zhang, L.X. Wang, X.B. Jing, F.S. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 82, 1296-1298 (2003).
    187. "Argon ion stimulated conversion between CFx (x=0-3) chemical states and fluorine depletion in fluorocarbon films studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy", S.W. Tong, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, Y. Lifshitz, S.T. Lee and A. Hoffman, Appl. Surf. Sci., Vol. 220, 19-25 (2003).
    188. "A bis-salicylaldiminato schiff base and its zinc complex as new highly fluorescent red dopants for high performance organic electroluminescence devices", P.F. Wang, Z.R. Hong, Z.Y. Xie, S.W. Tong, O.Y. Wong, C.S. Lee, N.B. Wong, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, Chemical Communications, Vol. , 1664-1665 (2003).
    189. "Red electroluminescence and photoluminescence properties of new porphyrin compounds", X.H. Zhang, Z.Y. Xie, F.P. Wu, L.L. Zhou, O.Y. Wong, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong, S.T. Lee and S.K. Wu, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 382, 561-566 (2003).
    190. "Structure- and size-controlled ultrafine ZnS nanowires", X.M. Meng, J. Liu, Y. Jiang, W.W. Chen, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 382, 434-438 (2003).
    191. "Efficiency and stability enhancement in organic light-emitting devices with CsF/Mg : Ag cathode", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 380, 298-303 (2003).
    192. "Photoemission study of interface formation between ytterbium and tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum", J.X. Tang, S.W. Tong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and P.M. He, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 380, 63-69 (2003).
    193. "Highly efficient and substrate independent CsF/Yb/Ag cathodes for organic light-emitting devices", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 374, 215-221 (2003).
    194. "A soft X-ray absorption study of nanodiamond films prepared by hot-filament chemical vapor deposition", Y.H. Tang, X.T. Zhou, Y.F. Hu, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and T.K. Sham, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 372, 320-324 (2003).
    195. "Efficiency enhancement and retarded dark-spots growth of organic light-emitting devices by high-temperature processing", M.Y. Chan, S.L. Lai, F.L. Wong, O. Lengyel, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 371, 700-706 (2003).
    196. "Vibrational analysis of oxygen-plasma treated indium tin oxide", P. He, S.D. Wang, W.K. Wong, L.F. Cheng, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and S.Y. Liu, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 370, 795-798 (2003).
    197. "Photoelectron spectroscopic study of iodine- and bromine-treated indium tin oxides and their interfaces with organic films", X.H. Sun, L.F. Cheng, M.W. Liu, L.S. Liao, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 370, 425-430 (2003).
    198. "Blue and white organic electroluminescent devices based on 9,10-bis(2 '-naphthyl)anthracene", X.H. Zhang, M.W. Liu, O.Y. Wong, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong, S.T. Lee and S.K. Wu, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 369, 478-482 (2003).
    199. "Silicon nanowires as chemical sensors", X.T. Zhou, J.Q. Hu, C.P. Li, D.D.D. Ma, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 369, 220-224 (2003).
    200. "Interfaces between 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum and cesium as affected by their deposition sequences", S.L. Lai, M.K. Fung, S.N. Bao, S.W. Tong, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 367, 753-758 (2003).
    201. "A simple large-scale synthesis of very long aligned silica nanowires", J.Q. Hu, Y. Jiang, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 367, 339-343 (2003).
    202. "HREELS study on the interaction of MgF2 with tris(8-hydroxy-quinoline) aluminum", H.J. Zhang, S.N. Bao, P. He, S.D. Wang, M.K. Fung, R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 374, 119-124 (2003).
    203. "Boron nanowires synthesized by laser ablation at high temperature", X.M. Meng, J.Q. Hu, Y. Jiang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 370, 825-828 (2003).
    204. "Thermally stable hole-transporting material for organic light-emitting diode: An isoindole derivative", B.X. Mi, P.F. Wang, M.W. Liu, H.L. Kwong, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 15, 3148-3151 (2003).
    205. "A novel neutral red derivative for applications in high-performance red-emitting electroluminescent devices", P.F. Wang, Z.Y. Xie, S.W. Tong, O.Y. Wong, C.S. Lee, N. Wong, L.S. Hung and S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 15, 1913-1917 (2003).
    206. "A new family of isophorone-based dopants for red organic electroluminescent devices", J.Y. Li, D. Liu, Z.R. Hong, S.W. Tong, P.F. Wang, C.W. Ma, O. Lengyel, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong and S. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 15, 1486-1490 (2003).
    207. "Thermal reduction route to the fabrication of coaxial Zn/ZnO nanocables and ZnO nanotubes", J.Q. Hu, Q. Li, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 15, 305-308 (2003).
    208. "Formation and structure of a-C/nanodiamond composite films by prolonged bias enhanced nucleation", X.T. Zhou, X.M. Meng, F.Y. Meng, Q. Li, I. Bello, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and Y. Lifshitz, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 12, 1640-1646 (2003).
    209. "Investigation of calcium as high performance cathode in small-molecule based organic light-emitting devices", S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 94, 7297-7299 (2003).
    210. "Distinct interfaces of poly (9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole) with cesium and calcium as observed by photoemission spectroscopy", M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, S.W. Tong, S.N. Bao, C.S. Lee, W.W. Wu, M. Inbasekaran, J.J. O'Brien and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 94, 5763-5770 (2003).
    211. "Role of ytterbium and ytterbium/cesium fluoride on the chemistry of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole) as investigated by photoemission spectroscopy", M.K. Fung, S.W. Tong, S.L. Lai, S.N. Bao, C.S. Lee, W.W. Wu, M. Inbasekaran, J.J. O'Brien, S.Y. Liu and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 94, 2686-2694 (2003).
    212. "Experimental study of a chemical reaction between LiF and al", S.D. Wang, M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, S.W. Tong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, H.J. Zhang and S.N. Bao, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 94, 169-173 (2003).
    213. "Synthesis, photoluminescence and electroluminescence of new 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]quinoxaline derivatives", P.F. Wang, Z.Y. Xie, Z.R. Hong, J.X. Tang, O.Y. Wong, C.S. Lee, N.B. Wong and S.T. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 13, 1894-1899 (2003).
    214. "Fabrication and characterization of pure and well-aligned carbon nanotubes using methane/nitrogen-ammonia plasma", W.K. Wong, C.P. Li, F.C.K. Au, M.K. Fung, X.H. Sun, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and W. Zhu, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 107, 1514-1517 (2003).
    215. "Concentration effect of glycerol on the conductivity of PEDOT film and the device performance", S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Materials Science and Engineering B-Solid State Materials for Advanced Technology, Vol. 104, 26-30 (2003).
    216. "Improved luminescent efficiency of a red organic dye with modified molecular structure", B.J. Chen, X.W. Sun, X.Q. Lin, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Materials Science and Engineering B-Solid State Materials for Advanced Technology, Vol. 100, 59-62 (2003).
    217. "A mechanistic study of exciplex formation and efficient red light-emitting devices based on rare earth complexes", Z.R. Hong, O. Lengyel, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Organic Electronics, Vol. 4, 149-154 (2003).
    218. "Small-diameter silicon nanowire surfaces", D.D.D. Ma, C.S. Lee, F.C.K. Au, S.Y. Tong and S.T. Lee, Science, Vol. 299, 1874-1877 (2003).
    219. "A thermodynamic and kinetic study of the formation of C-20 compounds encapsulating H, he and ne atoms", R.Q. Zhang, W.Y. Ma, K.L. Han and C.S. Lee, Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, Vol. 109, 278-283 (2003).
    220. "Synthesis and nanostructuring of patterned wires of alpha-GeO2 by thermal oxidation", J.Q. Hu, Q. Li, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 14, 1396-1399 (2002).
    221. "Fabrication and field emission of high-density silicon cone arrays", N.G. Shang, F.Y. Meng, F.C.K. Au, Q. Li, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 14, 1308-+ (2002).
    222. "Metal silicide/silicon nanowires from metal vapor vacuum arc implantation", C.P. Li, N. Wang, S.P. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 14, 218-+ (2002).
    223. "Microstructure and field emission properties of coral-like carbon nanotubes", N.G. Shang, C.P. Li, W.K. Wong, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 81, 5024-5026 (2002).
    224. "Periodic array of intramolecular junctions of silicon nanowires", D.D.D. Ma, C.S. Lee, Y. Lifshitz and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 81, 3233-3235 (2002).
    225. "Bifunctional photovoltaic and electroluminescent devices using a starburst amine as an electron donor and hole-transporting material", Z.R. Hong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, W.L. Li and Y. Shirota, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 81, 2878-2880 (2002).
    226. "Anode modification of polyfluorene-based polymer light-emitting devices", M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, S.W. Tong, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, W.W. Wu, M. Inbasekaran and J.J. O'Brien, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 81, 1497-1499 (2002).
    227. "Phosphorus-doped silicon nanowires studied by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy", Y.H. Tang, T.K. Sham, A. Jurgensen, Y.F. Hu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 80, 3709-3711 (2002).
    228. "Improved efficiency by a graded emissive region in organic light-emitting diodes", D.G. Ma, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and L.S. Hung, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 80, 3641-3643 (2002).
    229. "Manipulation of the equilibrium between diamond growth and renucleation to form a nanodiamond/amorphous carbon composite", X.T. Zhou, Q. Li, F.Y. Meng, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and Y. Lifshitz, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 80, 3307-3309 (2002).
    230. "Negative differential resistance in scanning-tunneling spectroscopy of diamond films", D.D.D. Ma, Y.G. Wang, L. Lu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 80, 1231-1233 (2002).
    231. "Dispersion, refinement, and manipulation of single silicon nanowires", J.Z. He, J.B. Xu, M.S. Xu, Z. Xie, I.H. Wilson, X.L. Ma, Q. Li, N. Wang, L.S. Hung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 80, 1812-1814 (2002).
    232. "New 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]quinoxaline derivatives as sharp green-emitting dopants for highly efficient electroluminescent devices", P.F. Wang, Z.Y. Xie, O.Y. Wong, C.S. Lee, N.B. Wong, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, Chemical Communications, Vol. , 1404-1405 (2002).
    233. "Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure study of helicity and defects in carbon nanotubes", Y.H. Tang, T.K. Sham, Y.F. Hu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 366, 636-641 (2002).
    234. "Applications of ytterbium in organic light-emitting devices as high performance and transparent electrodes", S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 366, 128-133 (2002).
    235. "Ultrafine and uniform silicon nanowires grown with zeolites", C.P. Li, X.H. Sun, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and B.K. Teo, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 365, 22-26 (2002).
    236. "Control of growth orientation of GaN nanowires", H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, X.T. Zhou, Y.F. Zheng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 359, 241-245 (2002).
    237. "Uniform carbon nanoflake films and their field emissions", N.G. Shang, F.C.K. Au, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 358, 187-191 (2002).
    238. "Substrate dependence of thermal effect on organic light-emitting films", L.S. Liao, L.F. Cheng, X.H. Sun, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 356, 194-200 (2002).
    239. "Direct growth of beta-SiC nanowires from SiOx thin films deposited on si (100) substrate", J.C. Li, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 355, 147-150 (2002).
    240. "Ag nanostructures on a silicon nanowire template: Preparation and X-ray absorption fine structure study at the SiK-edge and ag L-3,L-2-edge", X.H. Sun, R. Sammynaiken, S.J. Naftel, Y.H. Tang, P. Zhang, P.S. Kim, T.K. Sham, X.H. Fan, Y.F. Zhang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, N.B. Wong, Y.F. Hu and K.H. Tan, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 14, 2519-2526 (2002).
    241. "Synthesis of uniform hexagonal prismatic ZnO whiskers", J.Q. Hu, Q. Li, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 14, 1216-1219 (2002).
    242. "Reductive growth of nanosized ligated metal clusters on silicon nanowires", X.H. Sun, C.P. Li, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Inorg. Chem., Vol. 41, 4331-4336 (2002).
    243. "Diamond grown on steel via in-situ formed interlayers", N.G. Shang, F.Y. Meng, C.Y. Chan, Q. Li, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and I. Bello, International Journal of Modern Physics B, Vol. 16, 881-886 (2002).
    244. "Metal/Alq(3) interactions in organic light emitting devices: The different roles of mg, al, and li atoms", R.Q. Zhang, W.C. Lu, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, J. Chem. Phys., Vol. 116, 8827-8837 (2002).
    245. "Microstructural characterization of si cones fabricated by ar+-sputtering Si/Mo targets", X.L. Ma, N.G. Shang, Q. Li, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 234, 654-659 (2002).
    246. "New polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dopants for red organic electroluminescent devices", B.X. Mi, Z.Q. Gao, M.W. Liu, K.Y. Chan, H.L. Kwong, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 12, 1307-1310 (2002).
    247. "Microstructure of si cones prepared by ar+-sputtering Si/Mo target", X.L. Ma, N.G. Shang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Materials Science & Technology, Vol. 18, 173-175 (2002).
    248. "Synthesis of beta-Ga2O3 nanowires by laser ablation", J.Q. Hu, Q. Li, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 106, 9536-9539 (2002).
    249. "Silicon nanowires wrapped with au film", C.P. Li, X.H. Sun, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and B.K. Teo, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 106, 6980-6984 (2002).
    250. "Large-scale rapid oxidation synthesis of SnO2 nanoribbons", J.Q. Hu, X.L. Ma, N.G. Shang, Z.Y. Xie, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 106, 3823-3826 (2002).
    251. "Templating effect of hydrogen-passivated silicon nanowires in the production of hydrocarbon nanotubes and nanoonions via sonochemical reactions with common organic solvents under ambient conditions", X.H. Sun, C.P. Li, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and B.K. Teo, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol. 124, 14856-14857 (2002).
    252. "Formation of silicon carbide nanotubes and nanowires via reaction of silicon (from disproportionation of silicon monoxide) with carbon nanotubes", X.H. Sun, C.P. Li, W.K. Wong, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and B.K. Teo, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol. 124, 14464-14471 (2002).
    253. "Interface between poly (9,9-dioctylfluorene) and alkali metals: Cesium, potassium, sodium, and lithium", M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, S.N. Bao, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, W.W. Wu, M. Inbasekaran and J.J. O'Brien, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A-Vacuum Surfaces and Films, Vol. 20, 911-918 (2002).
    254. "Sample refinement and manipulation of silicon nanowires - A step towards single wire characterization", J.Z. He, J.B. Xu, Z. Xie, M.F. Chiah, N. Ke, W.Y. Cheung, I.H. Wilson, X.L. Ma, Y.H. Tang, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Mater Charact, Vol. 48, 177-181 (2002).
    255. "Photoelectron spectroscopic studies of poly(9,9-dioetylfluorene)-potassium interface, and its influence by oxygen", M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, S.N. Bao, C.S. Lee, J.J. O'Briein, M. Inbasekaran, W.W. Wu and S.T. Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 128, 97-101 (2002).
    256. "Reduction of self-quenching effect in organic electrophosphorescence emitting devices via the use of sterically hindered spacers in phosphorescence molecules", H.Z. Xie, M.W. Liu, O.Y. Wang, X.H. Zhang, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung, S.T. Lee, P.F. Teng, H.L. Kwong, H. Zheng and C.M. Che, Adv Mater, Vol. 13, 1245-1248 (2001).
    257. "A general synthetic route to III-V compound semiconductor nanowires", W.S. Shi, Y.F. Zheng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 13, 591-+ (2001).
    258. "Temperature dependence of si nanowire morphology", H.Y. Peng, Z.W. Pan, L. Xu, X.H. Fan, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 13, 317-320 (2001).
    259. "Amorphous carbon nanowires investigated by near-edge-x-ray-absorption-fine-structures", Y.H. Tang, P. Zhang, P.S. Kim, T.K. Sham, Y.F. Hu, X.H. Sun, N.B. Wong, M.K. Fung, Y.F. Zheng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 79, 3773-3775 (2001).
    260. "Scanning tunneling microscopic study of boron-doped silicon nanowires", D.D.D. Ma, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 79, 2468-2470 (2001).
    261. "Microstructure and field-emission characteristics of boron-doped si nanoparticle chains", Y.H. Tang, X.H. Sun, F.C.K. Au, L.S. Liao, H.Y. Peng, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and T.K. Sham, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 79, 1673-1675 (2001).
    262. "Vibrational and photoemission study of the interface between phenyl diamine and indium tin oxide", P. He, S.D. Wang, W.K. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 79, 1561-1563 (2001).
    263. "Oxide-assisted growth and optical characterization of gallium-arsenide nanowires", W.S. Shi, Y.F. Zheng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 78, 3304-3306 (2001).
    264. "Microstructures of gallium nitride nanowires synthesized by oxide-assisted method", W.S. Shi, Y.F. Zheng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 345, 377-380 (2001).
    265. "Characterization of zinc oxide crystal whiskers grown by thermal evaporation", J.Q. Hu, X.L. Ma, Z.Y. Xie, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 344, 97-100 (2001).
    266. "Carbon monoxide-assisted growth of carbon nanotubes", Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zheng, C.S. Lee, N. Wang, S.T. Lee and T.K. Sham, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 342, 259-264 (2001).
    267. "Morphology and growth mechanism study of self-assembled silicon nanowires synthesized by thermal evaporation", Z. Zhang, X.H. Fan, L. Xu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 337, 18-24 (2001).
    268. "Effects of ambient pressure on silicon nanowire growth", X.H. Fan, L. Xu, C.P. Li, Y.F. Zheng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 334, 229-232 (2001).
    269. "Transient electroluminescence measurements on electron-mobility of N-arylbenzimidazoles", T.C. Wong, J. Kovac, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 334, 61-64 (2001).
    270. "Inhibition of dark spots growth in organic electroluminescent devices", M.K. Fung, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 333, 432-436 (2001).
    271. "Ambient effect on the electronic structures of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum films investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy", L.S. Liao, X.H. Sun, L.F. Cheng, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 333, 212-216 (2001).
    272. "A new family of red dopants based on chromene-containing compounds for organic electroluminescent devices", X.H. Zhang, B.J. Chen, X.Q. Lin, O.Y. Wong, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong, S.T. Lee and S.K. Wu, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 13, 1565-1569 (2001).
    273. "A novel yellow fluorescent dopant for high-performance organic electroluminescent devices", X.Q. Lin, B.J. Chen, X.H. Zhang, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong and S.T. Lee, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 13, 456-458 (2001).
    274. "Mechanical properties of a-C : H multilayer films", J. Qi, K.H. Lai, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, S.T. Lee, J.B. Luo and S.Z. Wen, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 10, 1833-1838 (2001).
    275. "Wear-resistant multilayered diamond-like carbon coating prepared by pulse biased arc ion plating", R.F. Huang, C.Y. Chan, C.H. Lee, J. Gong, K.H. Lai, C.S. Lee, K.Y. Li, L.S. Wen and C. Sun, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 10, 1850-1854 (2001).
    276. "Mechanical and tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films prepared on steel by ECR-CVD process", K.Y. Li, Z.F. Zhou, C.Y. Chan, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 10, 1855-1861 (2001).
    277. "Mechanical properties of DLC films prepared in acetylene and methane plasmas using electron cyclotron resonance microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition", K.H. Lai, C.Y. Chan, M.K. Fung, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 10, 1862-1867 (2001).
    278. "Synthesis and characterization of cubic boron nitride films: Substrate bias and ion flux effects", Q. Li, Z.F. Zhou, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and I. Bello, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 10, 1886-1891 (2001).
    279. "Epitaxial growth of beta-SiC on si (100) by low energy ion beam deposition", X.T. Zhou, S.X. Sun, H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 10, 1927-1931 (2001).
    280. "Effect of ion beam nitriding on diamond nucleation and growth onto steel substrates", N.G. Shang, Z.F. Zhou, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 10, 1506-1510 (2001).
    281. "Bulk-quantity si nanosphere chains prepared from semi-infinite length si nanowires", H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, W.S. Shi, Y.F. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 89, 727-731 (2001).
    282. "Efficient green electroluminescence of pure chromaticity from a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon", B.X. Mi, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong, N.B. Wang and S.T. Lee, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 11, 2244-2247 (2001).
    283. "Very low-field emission from aligned and opened carbon nanotube arrays", Z.W. Pan, F.C.K. Au, H.L. Lai, W.Y. Zhou, L.F. Sun, Z.Q. Liu, D.S. Tang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and S.S. Xie, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 105, 1519-1522 (2001).
    284. "Improvement of efficiency and colour purity of red-dopant organic light-emitting diodes by energy levels matching with the host materials", B.J. Chen, X.Q. Lin, L.F. Cheng, C.S. Lee, W.A. Gambling and S.T. Lee, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, Vol. 34, 30-35 (2001).
    285. "Free-standing single crystal silicon nanoribbons", W.S. Shi, H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, C.P. Li, L. Xu, C.S. Lee, R. Kalish and S.T. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol. 123, 11095-11096 (2001).
    286. "Deposition and properties of tetrahedral amorphous carbon films prepared on magnetic hard disks", C.Y. Chan, K.H. Lai, M.K. Fung, W.K. Wong, I. Bello, R.F. Huang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and S.P. Wong, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A-Vacuum Surfaces and Films, Vol. 19, 1606-1610 (2001).
    287. "Fracture resistance enhancement of diamond-like carbon/nitrogenated diamond-like carbon multilayer deposited by electron cyclotron resonance microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition", J. Qi, K.H. Lai, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, J.B. Luo and S.Z. Wen, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A-Vacuum Surfaces and Films, Vol. 19, 130-135 (2001).
    288. "Synthesis and microstructure of gallium phosphide nanowires", W.S. Shi, Y.F. Zheng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Vol. 19, 1115-1118 (2001).
    289. "Si nanowires synthesized from silicon monoxide by laser ablation", Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, N. Wang, W.S. Shi, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, Vol. 19, 317-319 (2001).
    290. "A new blue-emitting benzothiazole derivative for organic electroluminescent devices", X.H. Zhang, O.Y. Wong, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong, S.T. Lee and S.K. Wu, Materials Science and Engineering B-Solid State Materials for Advanced Technology, Vol. 85, 182-185 (2001).
    291. "New iridium derivatives with good electrophosphorescence properties", M.W. Liu, O.Y. Wong, H.Z. Xie, T.C. Wong, B.X. Mi, F.L. Wong, W.L. Chan, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung and S.T. Lee, Optical Engineering for Sensing and Nanotechnology (Icosn 2001), Vol. 4416, 466-469 (2001).
    292. "Direct growth of amorphous silicon oxide nanowires and crystalline silicon nanowires from silicon wafer", S. Jin, Q. Li and C.S. Lee, Physica Status Solidi A-Applied Research, Vol. 188, R1-R2 (2001).
    293. "A new series of blue emitting pyrazine derivatives for organic electroluminescence devices", M.W. Liu, X.H. Zhang, W.Y. Lai, X.Q. Lin, F.L. Wong, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung, S.T. Lee and H.L. Kwong, Physica Status Solidi A-Applied Research, Vol. 185, 203-211 (2001).
    294. "Film thickness effects on mechanical and tribological properties of nitrogenated diamond-like carbon films", J. Qi, C.Y. Chan, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, J.B. Luo and S.Z. Wen, Surf. Coat. Technol., Vol. 145, 38-43 (2001).
    295. "Improved color purity and efficiency of blue organic light-emitting diodes via suppression of exciplex formation", B.J. Chen, X.H. Zhang, X.Q. Lin, H.L. Kwong, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee, W.A. Gambling and S.T. Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 118, 193-196 (2001).
    296. "Characterization and optical investigation of BCN film deposited by RF magnetron sputtering", M.K. Lei, Q. Li, Z.F. Zhou, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 389, 194-199 (2001).
    297. S. T. Lee, N. Wang, Y. F. Zhang, Y. H. Tang, I. Bello and C. S. Lee, Synthesis of nanowires from laser ablation, th edn. ( , , 2000), p. 46.
    298. "Synthesis of large areas of highly oriented, very long silicon nanowires", W.S. Shi, H.Y. Peng, Y.F. Zheng, N. Wang, N.G. Shang, Z.W. Pan, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Adv Mater, Vol. 12, 1343-1345 (2000).
    299. "Oriented silicon carbide nanowires: Synthesis and field emission properties", Z.W. Pan, H.L. Lai, F.C.K. Au, X.F. Duan, W.Y. Zhou, W.S. Shi, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, N.B. Wong, S.T. Lee and S.S. Xie, Adv Mater, Vol. 12, 1186-1190 (2000).
    300. "Improvement of interface formation between metal electrode and polymer film by polymer surface modification using ion sputtering", L.S. Liao, M.K. Fung, L.F. Cheng, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, M. Inbasekaran, E.P. Woo and W.W. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 77, 3191-3193 (2000).
    301. "Response to "comment on 'organic electroluminescent devices by high-temperature processing and crystalline hole transporting layer ' " [appl. phys. lett. 77, 3113 (2000)]", Z.Q. Gao, W.Y. Lai, T.C. Wong, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 77, 3115-3115 (2000).
    302. "Smallest diameter carbon nanotubes", H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, Y.F. Zheng, Y. Lifshitz, J. Kulik, R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 77, 2831-2833 (2000).
    303. "Electronic structure and energy band gap of poly (9,9-dioctylfluorene) investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy", L.S. Liao, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, M. Inbasekaran, E.P. Woo and W.W. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 76, 3582-3584 (2000).
    304. "Modification of the hole injection barrier in organic light-emitting devices studied by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy", X.M. Ding, L.M. Hung, L.F. Cheng, Z.B. Deng, X.Y. Hou, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 76, 2704-2706 (2000).
    305. "Direct evidence for interaction of magnesium with tris(8-hydroxy-quinoline) aluminum", P. He, F.C.K. Au, Y.M. Wang, L.F. Cheng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 76, 1422-1424 (2000).
    306. "Straight beta-SiC nanorods synthesized by using C-si-SiO2", H.L. Lai, N.B. Wong, X.T. Zhou, H.Y. Peng, F.C.K. Au, N. Wang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and X.F. Duan, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 76, 294-296 (2000).
    307. "Improved performance of electroluminescent devices based on an europium complex", C.J. Liang, D. Zhao, Z.R. Hong, D.X. Zhao, X.Y. Liu, W.L. Li, J.B. Peng, J.Q. Yu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 76, 67-69 (2000).
    308. "Highly efficient and stable photoluminescence from silicon nanowires coated with SiC", X.T. Zhou, R.Q. Zhang, H.Y. Peng, N.G. Shang, N. Wang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 332, 215-218 (2000).
    309. "Computation of large systems with economic basis set: Systems involving weak sodium-organic interaction", R.Q. Zhang, X.G. Xie, S.X. Liu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 330, 484-490 (2000).
    310. "Deposition of carbon nanotubes on si nanowires by chemical vapor deposition", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, Y. Zhang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 330, 48-52 (2000).
    311. "A simple route to annihilate defects in silicon nanowires", Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zheng, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 328, 346-349 (2000).
    312. "Bulk-quantity GaN nanowires synthesized from hot filament chemical vapor deposition", H.Y. Peng, X.T. Zhou, N. Wang, Y.F. Zheng, L.S. Liao, W.S. Shi, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 327, 263-270 (2000).
    313. "Interface formation between poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) and ca electrode investigated using photoelectron spectroscopy", L.S. Liao, L.F. Cheng, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, M. Inbasekaran, E.P. Woo and W.W. Wu, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 325, 405-410 (2000).
    314. "Yttrium-barium-copper-oxygen nanorods synthesized by laser ablation", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, X.F. Duan, Y. Zhang, C.S. Lee, N. Wang, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 323, 180-184 (2000).
    315. "Ab initio/Rice-ramsperger-kassel-marcus approach to carbon nitride formation: CH3NH2 decomposition", R.Q. Zhang, K.L. Han, R.S. Zhu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 321, 101-105 (2000).
    316. "Photoluminescence and electroluminescence of pyrazoline monomers and dimers", X.H. Zhang, W.Y. Lai, Z.Q. Gao, T.C. Wong, C.S. Lee, H.L. Kwong, S.T. Lee and S.K. Wu, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 320, 77-80 (2000).
    317. "Effect of deposition rate on the morphology, chemistry and electroluminescence of tris-(8-hydroxyqiunoline) aluminum films", L.F. Cheng, L.S. Liao, W.Y. Lai, X.H. Sun, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 319, 418-422 (2000).
    318. "Thin beta-SiC nanorods and their field emission properties", X.T. Zhou, H.L. Lai, H.Y. Peng, F.C.K. Au, L.S. Liao, N. Wang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 318, 58-62 (2000).
    319. "Effect of charging on electronic structure of the alq(3) molecule: The identification of carrier transport properties", R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 326, 413-420 (2000).
    320. "Effects of hydrogen etching on different carbon and boron nitride phases", R.Q. Zhang, T.S. Chu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Vapor Deposition, Vol. 6, 227-+ (2000).
    321. "Intrinsic stress evolution in diamond films prepared in a CH4-H-2-NH3 hot filament chemical vapor deposition system", N.G. Shang, C.S. Lee, Z.D. Lin, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 9, 1388-1392 (2000).
    322. "Diamond-like carbon coatings applied to hard disks", M.K. Fung, K.H. Lai, H.L. Lai, C.Y. Chan, N.B. Wong, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 9, 815-818 (2000).
    323. "Microcrystalline diamond films by direct ion beam deposition", J.Y. Feng, N.G. Shang, X.S. Sun, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 9, 872-876 (2000).
    324. "Heteroepitaxial nucleation of diamond on si(100) via double bias-assisted hot filament chemical vapor deposition", X.T. Zhou, H.L. Lai, H.Y. Peng, C. Sun, W.J. Zhang, N. Wang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 9, 134-139 (2000).
    325. "Photoemission study of a new electroluminescent material: Trimer of N-arylbenzimidazoles (TPBI)", L.F. Cheng, L.M. Hung, X.M. Ding, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Displays, Vol. 21, 51-54 (2000).
    326. "Improved time-of-flight technique for measuring carrier mobility in thin films of organic electroluminescent materials", B.J. Chen, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, P. Webb, Y.C. Chan, W. Gambling, H. Tian and W.H. Zhu, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 1-Regular Papers Short Notes & Review Papers, Vol. 39, 1190-1192 (2000).
    327. "Crystal morphology and phase purity of diamond crystallites during bias enhanced nucleation and initial growth stages", C. Sun, W.J. Zhang, N. Wang, C.Y. Chan, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 88, 3354-3360 (2000).
    328. "The electronic structures and properties of alq(3) and NPB molecules in organic light emitting devices: Decompositions of density of states", R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Chem. Phys., Vol. 112, 8614-8620 (2000).
    329. "Large-scale synthesis of ultrafine si nanoparticles by ball milling", C. Lam, Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 220, 466-470 (2000).
    330. "Bulk-quantity si nanowires synthesized by SiO sublimation", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, C. Lam, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 212, 115-118 (2000).
    331. "A theoretical study on the interactions of hydrogen species with various carbon and boron nitride phases", R.Q. Zhang, T.S. Chu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Phys Chem B, Vol. 104, 6761-6766 (2000).
    332. "Laser ablation synthesis and optical characterization of silicon carbide nanowires", W.S. Shi, Y.F. Zheng, H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J Am Ceram Soc, Vol. 83, 3228-3230 (2000).
    333. "A family of electroluminescent silyl-substituted poly(p-phenylenevinylene)s: Synthesis, characterization, and structure-property relationships", Z.K. Chen, W. Huang, L.H. Wang, E.T. Kang, B.J. Chen, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Macromolecules, Vol. 33, 9015-9025 (2000).
    334. "Semiconductor nanowires: Synthesis, structure and properties", S.T. Lee, N. Wang and C.S. Lee, Materials Science and Engineering A-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, Vol. 286, 16-23 (2000).
    335. "Growth and emission properties of beta-SiC nanorods", X.T. Zhou, N. Wang, F.C.K. Au, H.L. Lai, H.Y. Peng, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Materials Science and Engineering A-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, Vol. 286, 119-124 (2000).
    336. "Physical properties of a-C : H films prepared by electron cyclotron resonance microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition", X.T. Zhou, S.T. Lee, I. Bello, A.C. Cheung, D.S. Chiu, Y.W. Lam, C.S. Lee, K.M. Leung and X.M. He, Materials Science and Engineering B-Solid State Materials for Advanced Technology, Vol. 77, 229-234 (2000).
    337. "Electroluminescent property and charge separation state of bis-naphthalimides", H. Tian, J.H. Su, K.C. Chen, T.C. Wong, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Optical Materials, Vol. 14, 91-94 (2000).
    338. "Diamond nucleation enhancement by direct low-energy ion-beam deposition", W.J. Zhang, X.S. Sun, H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Physical Review B, Vol. 61, 5579-5586 (2000).
    339. "Oxygen effect on the interface formation between calcium and a polyfluorene film", L.S. Liao, L.F. Cheng, M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, M. Inbasekaran, E.P. Woo and W.W. Wu, Physical Review B, Vol. 62, 10004-10007 (2000).
    340. "Germanium nanowires sheathed with an oxide layer", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Physical Review B, Vol. 61, 4518-4521 (2000).
    341. "A nucleation site and mechanism leading to epitaxial growth of diamond films", S.T. Lee, H.Y. Peng, X.T. Zhou, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and Y. Lifshitz, Science, Vol. 287, 104-106 (2000).
    342. "Influence of external constraint on deformation behaviour of copper single crystals with {112} orientation", Y.P. Zeng, C.S. Lee, K.C. Lee and W.M. Mao, Scr. Mater., Vol. 43, 253-258 (2000).
    343. "Synthesis and characterization of boron carbon nitride films by radio frequency magnetron sputtering", Z.F. Zhou, I. Bello, M.K. Lei, K.Y. Li, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Surf. Coat. Technol., Vol. 128, 334-340 (2000).
    344. "Deposition and properties of a-C : H films on polymethyl methacrylate by electron cyclotron resonance microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method", X.T. Zhou, S.T. Lee, I. Bello, A.C. Cheung, D.S. Chiu, Y.W. Lam, C.S. Lee, K.M. Leung and X.M. He, Surf. Coat. Technol., Vol. 123, 273-277 (2000).
    345. "The effect of functional group substitution on the photoluminescence and electroluminescence of pyrazoline derivatives", X.H. Zhang, W.Y. Lai, T.C. Wong, Z.Q. Gao, Y.C. Jiang, S.K. Wu, H.L. Kwong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 114, 115-117 (2000).
    346. "White light electroluminescence from a hole-transporting layer of mixed organic materials", Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 111, 39-42 (2000).
    347. "Blue electroluminescent devices made from a naphthyl-substituted benzidine derivative and rare earth metal chelates", W.L. Li, Z.Q. Gao, Z.Y. Hong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Synth. Met., Vol. 111, 53-56 (2000).
    348. "Pyrazoline derivatives for blue color emitter in organic electroluminescent devices", X.H. Zhang, S.K. Wu, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and H.L. Kwong, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 371, 40-46 (2000).
    349. "Mechanical properties and corrosion studies of amorphous carbon on magnetic disks prepared by ECR plasma technique", M.K. Fung, K.H. Lai, C.Y. Chan, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, D.S. Mao and X. Wang, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 368, 198-202 (2000).
    350. "Effects at reactive ion etching of CVD diamond", I. Bello, M.K. Fung, W.J. Zhang, K.K. Lai, Y.M. Wang, Z.F. Zhou, R.K.W. Yu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 368, 222-226 (2000).
    351. "Formation of cubic boron nitride films on nickel substrates", Z.F. Zhou, I. Bello, V. Kremnican, M.K. Fung, K.H. Lai, K.Y. Li, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 368, 292-296 (2000).
    352. "Carrier transport and high-efficiency electroluminescence properties of copolymer thin films", B.J. Chen, Y.Q. Liu, C.S. Lee, G. Yu, S.T. Lee, H.Y. Li, W.A. Gambling, D.B. Zhu, H. Tian and W.H. Zhu, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 363, 173-177 (2000).
    353. "Enhanced electroluminescence of europium(III) complex by terbium(III) substitution in organic light emitting diodes", D.X. Zhao, Z.R. Hong, C.J. Liang, D. Zhao, X.Y. Liu, W.L. Li, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 363, 208-210 (2000).
    354. "Organic electroluminescent devices using europium complex as an electron-transport emitting layer", C.J. Liang, Z.R. Hong, X.Y. Liu, D.X. Zhao, D. Zhao, W.L. Li, J.B. Peng, J.Q. Yu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 359, 14-16 (2000).
    355. "The influence of boron-doping on the effectiveness of grain boundary hardening in Ni3Al", C.S. Lee, G.W. Han, R.E. Smallman, D. Feng and J.K.L. Lai, Acta Materialia, Vol. 47, 1823-1830 (1999).
    356. "Reduction of molecular aggregation and its application to the high-performance blue perylene-doped organic electroluminescent device", B.X. Mi, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, H.L. Kwong and N.B. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 75, 4055-4057 (1999).
    357. "Electron drift mobility and electroluminescent efficiency of tris(8-hydroxyquinolinolato) aluminum", B.J. Chen, W.Y. Lai, Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and W.A. Gambling, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 75, 4010-4012 (1999).
    358. "Field-emission characteristics of SiC nanowires prepared by chemical-vapor deposition", K.W. Wong, X.T. Zhou, F.C.K. Au, H.L. Lai, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 75, 2918-2920 (1999).
    359. "Synthesis and characterization of amorphous carbon nanowires", Y.H. Tang, N. Wang, Y.F. Zhang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 75, 2921-2923 (1999).
    360. "Theory of the charge-transport properties of naphthyl diamine used in organic light-emitting devices", R.Q. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 75, 2418-2420 (1999).
    361. "Diameter modification of silicon nanowires by ambient gas", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 75, 1842-1844 (1999).
    362. "Ion-beam-induced surface damages on tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum", L.S. Liao, L.S. Hung, W.C. Chan, X.M. Ding, T.K. Sham, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 75, 1619-1621 (1999).
    363. "Beta-SiC nanorods synthesized by hot filament chemical vapor deposition", X.T. Zhou, N. Wang, H.L. Lai, H.Y. Peng, I. Bello, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 74, 3942-3944 (1999).
    364. "Germanium dioxide whiskers synthesized by laser ablation", Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, N. Wang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 74, 3824-3826 (1999).
    365. "Organic electroluminescent devices by high-temperature processing and crystalline hole transporting layer", Z.Q. Gao, W.Y. Lai, T.C. Wong, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 74, 3269-3271 (1999).
    366. "Bright-blue electroluminescence from a silyl-substituted ter-(phenylene-vinylene) derivative", Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, S.T. Lee, R.M. Chen, T.Y. Luh, J. Shi and C.W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 74, 865-867 (1999).
    367. "Si nanowires synthesized by laser ablation of mixed SiC and SiO2 powders", Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, H.Y. Peng, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 314, 16-20 (1999).
    368. "Si nanowires grown from silicon oxide", N. Wang, Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 299, 237-242 (1999).
    369. "Nucleation of diamond films by ECR-enhanced microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition", C. Sun, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 8, 1410-1413 (1999).
    370. "The effect of ion bombardment on the nucleation of CVD diamond", X.S. Sun, N. Wang, H.K. Woo, W.J. Zhang, G. Yu, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 8, 1414-1417 (1999).
    371. "Nitrogenated amorphous carbon films synthesized by electron cyclotron resonance plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition", W.C. Chan, M.K. Fung, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 8, 1732-1736 (1999).
    372. "Growth of epitaxial beta-SiC films on silicon using solid graphite and silicon sources", H.K. Woo, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 8, 1737-1740 (1999).
    373. "Effect of nitrogen incorporation into diamond-like carbon films by ECR-CVD", M.K. Fung, W.C. Chan, Z.Q. Gao, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 8, 472-476 (1999).
    374. "Nanocrystalline C-BN synthesized by mechanical alloying", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 8, 610-613 (1999).
    375. "Mechanistic study of ion-induced diamond nucleation", X.S. Sun, H.K. Woo, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 8, 48-51 (1999).
    376. "Dislocation dissociations and fault energies in Ni3Al alloys doped with palladium", J. Sun, C.S. Lee, J.K.L. Lai and J.S. Wu, Intermetallics, Vol. 7, 1329-1335 (1999).
    377. "Nucleation enhancement of diamond via electron cyclotron resonance plasma", C. Sun, W.J. Zhang, J. Yang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 2-Letters, Vol. 38, L65-L67 (1999).
    378. "Sputter deposition of cathodes in organic light emitting diodes", L.S. Hung, L.S. Liao, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 86, 4607-4612 (1999).
    379. "Morphology of si nanowires synthesized by high-temperature laser ablation", Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, X.D. Han, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 85, 7981-7983 (1999).
    380. "A new nucleation method by electron cyclotron resonance enhanced microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition for deposition of (001)-oriented diamond films", W.J. Zhang, C. Sun, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Chem. Phys., Vol. 110, 4616-4618 (1999).
    381. "One-dimensional growth mechanism of crystalline silicon nanowires", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 197, 136-140 (1999).
    382. "Microstructure and mechanical behaviour of a SiC particles reinforced al-5Cu composite under dynamic loading", Y.X. Lu, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee, R.K.Y. Li, C.G. Huang and J.K.L. Lai, J. Mater. Process. Technol., Vol. 94, 175-178 (1999).
    383. "The effect of cold rolling on the dynamic mechanical responses of SiCp/Al composites", Y.X. Lu, C.S. Lee, R.K.Y. Li and J.K.L. Lai, J. Mater. Process. Technol., Vol. 91, 215-218 (1999).
    384. "Semiconductor nanowires from oxides", S.T. Lee, Y.F. Zhang, N. Wang, Y.H. Tang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and Y.W. Chung, J. Mater. Res., Vol. 14, 4503-4507 (1999).
    385. "Synthesis of nanocrystalline diamond by the direct ion beam deposition method", X.S. Sun, N. Wang, W.J. Zhang, H.K. Woo, X.D. Han, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Mater. Res., Vol. 14, 3204-3207 (1999).
    386. "Characterization and optical investigation of diamondlike carbon prepared by electron cyclotron resonance plasma", X.M. He, S.T. Lee, I. Bello, A.C. Cheung, W.Z. Li, D.S. Chiu, Y.W. Lam, C.S. Lee, K.M. Leung and X.T. Zhou, J. Mater. Res., Vol. 14, 1617-1625 (1999).
    387. "Effect of matrix strength on the fracture mechanism of SiC particle reinforced al-cu matrix composites under dynamic loading", Y.X. Lu, C.S. Lee, X.M. Meng and R.K.Y. Li, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., Vol. 18, 533-535 (1999).
    388. "Laser ablation behavior of a granulated si target", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, C.S. Lee, N. Wang, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., Vol. 18, 123-125 (1999).
    389. "Deposition of ultra-thin diamond-like carbon protective coating on magnetic disks by electron cyclotron resonance plasma technique", M.K. Fung, W.C. Chan, K.H. Lai, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, N.B. Wong and S.T. Lee, J. Non Cryst. Solids, Vol. 254, 167-173 (1999).
    390. "Formation of crystalline diamond by ion beam deposition", X.S. Sun, W.J. Zhang, N. Wang, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Non Cryst. Solids, Vol. 254, 174-179 (1999).
    391. "Mechanical properties of amorphous carbon nitride films synthesized by electron cyclotron resonance microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition", W.C. Chan, M.K. Fung, K.H. Lai, I. Bello, S.T. Lee and C.S. Lee, J. Non Cryst. Solids, Vol. 254, 180-185 (1999).
    392. "Bias-assisted etching of polycrystalline diamond films in hydrogen, oxygen, and argon microwave plasmas", W.J. Zhang, C. Sun, I. Bello, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A-Vacuum Surfaces and Films, Vol. 17, 763-767 (1999).
    393. "Amorphous CNx films prepared by electrochemical deposition", J.W. Sun, Y.F. Zhang, X.X. He, W.M. Liu, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Mater Lett, Vol. 38, 98-102 (1999).
    394. "Performance optimization of organic electroluminescent devices", S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, Z.Q. Gao, B.J. Chen, W.Y. Lai and T.C. Wong, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices Iii, Vol. 3797, 138-156 (1999).
    395. "Reddish organic light electroluminescent device with DPP emitting layer", W.Y. Lai, Z.Q. Gao, T.C. Wong, L.F. Cheng, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, X.H. Zhang and S.K. Wu, Physica Status Solidi A-Applied Research, Vol. 173, 491-494 (1999).
    396. "Vibrational structure of ultrathin 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum films studied by high-resolution electron-energy-loss spectroscopy", X.M. Ding, L.M. Hung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Physical Review B, Vol. 60, 13291-13293 (1999).
    397. "Blue organic electroluminescence of 1,3,5-triaryl-2-pyrazoline", Z.Q. Gao, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, S.T. Lee, S.K. Wu, Z.L. Yan and X.H. Zhang, Synth. Met., Vol. 105, 141-144 (1999).
    398. "Excimer laser ablation of silicon at rich temperature", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, C.S. Lee, N. Wang, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Advances in Laser Ablation of Materials, Vol. 526, 39-44 (1998).
    399. "Large scale synthesis of silicon nanowires by laser ablation", Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, C.S. Lee, N. Wang, D.P. Yu, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Advances in Laser Ablation of Materials, Vol. 526, 73-77 (1998).
    400. "Silicon nanowire: A new shape of crystalline silicon", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, N. Wang, C.S. Lee, D.P. Yu, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon Technology-1998, Vol. 507, 993-998 (1998).
    401. "SiO2-enhanced synthesis of si nanowires by laser ablation", N. Wang, Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 73, 3902-3904 (1998).
    402. "Synthesis of boron nitride nanotubes by means of excimer laser ablation at high temperature", D.P. Yu, X.S. Sun, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, S.T. Lee, H.D. Gu, K.M. Leung, G.W. Zhou, Z.F. Dong and Z. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 72, 1966-1968 (1998).
    403. "Silicon nanowires prepared by laser ablation at high temperature", Y.F. Zhang, Y.H. Tang, N. Wang, D.P. Yu, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 72, 1835-1837 (1998).
    404. "Transmission electron microscopy evidence of the defect structure in si nanowires synthesized by laser ablation", N. Wang, Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, D.P. Yu, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 283, 368-372 (1998).
    405. "Oriented diamond growth on silicon (111) using a solid carbon source", H.K. Woo, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, S.T. Lee, K.W. Wong and N.B. Wong, J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 83, 4187-4192 (1998).
    406. "Deformation characteristics of ti-24Al-14Nb-3V-0.5Mo alloy during hot compression", C. Huang, J.K.L. Lai and C.S. Lee, J. Mater. Process. Technol., Vol. 73, 119-124 (1998).
    407. "Epitaxial growth of beta-SiC on silicon by bias-assisted hot filament chemical vapor deposition from solid graphite and silicon sources", H.K. Woo, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and S.T. Lee, J. Mater. Res., Vol. 13, 1738-1740 (1998).
    408. "Synthesis, composition, surface roughness and mechanical properties of thin nitrogenated carbon films", W.C. Chan, B.Z. Zhou, Y.W. Chung, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A-Vacuum Surfaces and Films, Vol. 16, 1907-1911 (1998).
    409. "The effect of rolling geometry on the distribution of deformed cube structure and its recrystallisation kinetics", C.S. Lee, F.C. Ng and K.C. Lee, Materials Science and Engineering A-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, Vol. 257, 198-203 (1998).
    410. "Microstructure and creep behavior of an orthorhombic ti-25Al-17Nb-1Mo alloy", J.W. Zhang, C.S. Lee, D.X. Zou, S.Q. Li and J.K.L. Lai, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, Vol. 29, 559-564 (1998).
    411. "Failure mechanisms of a SiC particles 2024Al composite under dynamic loading", Y.X. Lu, X.M. Meng, C.S. Lee, R.K.Y. Li and C.G. Huang, Physica Status Solidi A-Applied Research, Vol. 169, 49-55 (1998).
    412. "The effect of particle size on the failure mechanism of SiC/2024Al composites", Y.X. Lu, C.S. Lee, X.M. Meng, R.K.Y. Li and J. Bi, Physica Status Solidi A-Applied Research, Vol. 169, R3-R4 (1998).
    413. "Nucleation and growth of si nanowires from silicon oxide", N. Wang, Y.H. Tang, Y.F. Zhang, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, Physical Review B, Vol. 58, 16024-16026 (1998).
    414. "Influence of external constraint on deformation banding of copper single crystals of {110}[uvw] orientations", K.C. Lee, Y.P. Zeng and C.S. Lee, Scr. Mater., Vol. 40, 197-202 (1998).
    415. "A mechanical model for embrittlement of polycrystalline Ni3Al", G.W. Han, C.S. Lee, D. Feng and J.K.L. Lai, Scr. Mater., Vol. 38, 653-659 (1998).
    416. "Synthesis of nano-scale silicon wires by excimer laser ablation at high temperature", D.P. Yu, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, X.S. Sun, Y.H. Tang, G.W. Zhou, Z.G. Bai, Z. Zhang and S.Q. Feng, Solid State Commun., Vol. 105, 403-407 (1998).
    417. "Preparation of crystalline carbon nitride films on silicon substrate by chemical vapor deposition", H.K. Woo, Y.F. Zhang, S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, Y.W. Lam and K.W. Wong, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 6, 635-639 (1997).
    418. "The influence of boron doping on the structure and characteristics of diamond thin films", X.Z. Liao, R.J. Zhang, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee and Y.W. Lam, Diamond and Related Materials, Vol. 6, 521-525 (1997).
    419. "Silicon cylinder grown on the surface of a silicon wafer", Y.F. Zhang, G.C. Li, C.S. Lee and S.T. Lee, J. Cryst. Growth, Vol. 182, 337-340 (1997).
    420. "Diamond films grown by hot filament chemical vapor deposition from a solid carbon source", H.K. Woo, S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, I. Bello and Y.W. Lam, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A-Vacuum Surfaces and Films, Vol. 15, 2988-2992 (1997).
    421. "Deformation microstructure of Ni3Al intermetallic compound macroalloyed with pd", J. Sun, C.S. Lee and J.K.L. Lai, Mater Lett, Vol. 31, 1-4 (1997).
    422. "The antiphase boundary energies of L1(2) ordered Ni74.5Pd2Al23.5 alloy", J. Sun, C.S. Lee and J.K.L. Lai, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, Vol. 28, 1093-1095 (1997).
    423. "The dependence of tensile behaviour of L1(2) compound Al67Ti25Mn8 on the strain rate at 1173 K", J. Sun, C.S. Lee and G.X. Hu, Scr. Mater., Vol. 37, 645-650 (1997).
    424. "High temperature compression of Ti3Al-nb-V-mo alloy", C. Huang, J.K.L. Lai and C.S. Lee, Materials Science and Engineering A-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, Vol. 215, 143-149 (1996).
    425. "TEM observations of superlattice intrinsic stacking faults in polycrystalline Ni74.5Pd2Al23.5", J. Sun, C.S. Lee and J.K.L. Lai, Physica Status Solidi A-Applied Research, Vol. 158, 369-376 (1996).
    426. "A simplified criterion for deformation banding applied to deformation texture simulation", C.S. Lee, R.E. Smallman and B.J. Duggan, Scripta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 33, 727-733 (1995).
    427. "A dislocation avalanche theory of shear banding", C.S. Lee and B.J. Duggan, Acta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 42, 857-860 (1994).
    428. "Advances in the theory of deformation and recrystallization texture formation", R.E. Smallman and C.S. Lee, Materials Science and Engineering A-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, Vol. 184, 97-112 (1994).
    429. "Deformation banding and formation of cube volumes in cold-rolled fcc metals", C.S. Lee, R.E. Smallman and B.J. Duggan, Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 10, 862-868 (1994).
    430. "Effect of rolling geometry and surface friction on cube texture formation", C.S. Lee, R.E. Smallman and B.J. Duggan, Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 10, 149-154 (1994).
    431. "Modified theory of rolling texture development in alpha-brass", C.S. Lee and B.J. Duggan, Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 10, 155-161 (1994).
    432. "On the inhomogeneous rolling texture transition", B.J. Duggan, C.S. Lee and R.E. Smallman, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Textures of Materials, Pts 1 and 2 - Icotom-10, Vol. 157, 659-664 (1994).
    433. "Deformation banding and its influence on high sfe fcc rolling texture development", B.J. Duggan, C.S. Lee and R.E. Smallman, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Textures of Materials, Pts 1 and 2 - Icotom-10, Vol. 157-, 1167-1173 (1994).
    434. "A new theory of the fcc rolling texture transition", B.J. Duggan, C.S. Lee and R.E. Smallman, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Textures of Materials, Pts 1 and 2 - Icotom-10, Vol. 157, 1759-1764 (1994).
    435. "Deformation banding and copper-type rolling textures", C.S. Lee and B.J. Duggan, Acta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 41, 2691-2699 (1993).
    436. "A theory of deformation banding in cold-rolling", C.S. Lee, B.J. Duggan and R.E. Smallman, Acta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 41, 2265-2270 (1993).
    437. "On the origin of cube texture in copper", B.J. Duggan, K. Lucke, G. Kohlhoff and C.S. Lee, Acta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 41, 1921-1927 (1993).
    438. "Deformation banding and its influence on deformation textures formation", C.S. Lee, B.J. Duggan and R.E. Smallman, Journal De Physique Iv, Vol. 3, 2027-2032 (1993).
    439. "The formation of cube volumes in cold-rolled fcc metals", C.S. Lee, R.E. Smallman and B.J. Duggan, Journal De Physique Iv, Vol. 3, 2043-2046 (1993).
    440. "Deformation banding in copper", C.S. Lee, B.J. Duggan and R.E. Smallman, Philosophical Magazine Letters, Vol. 68, 185-190 (1993).
    441. "The formation of cube-oriented material and its surrounding in cold-rolled fcc metals", C.S. Lee, R.E. Smallman and B.J. Duggan, Scripta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 29, 43-48 (1993).
    442. "Studies on the sharpness of simulated deformation textures", C.S. Lee and B.J. Duggan, Scripta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 28, 121-126 (1993).
    443. C. S. Lee, B. J. Duggan and R. E. Smallman, The Texture Transition and Shear Bands in Fcc Metals, th edn. ( , , 1992), p. 84.
    444. "Deformation banding, original grain-size and recrystallization in fcc intermediate-to-high sfe metals", B.J. Duggan and C.S. Lee, Scripta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 27, 1503-1507 (1992).
    445. "A simple theory for the development of inhomogeneous rolling textures", C.S. Lee and B.J. Duggan, Metallurgical Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, Vol. 22, 2637-2643 (1991).
    446. "A catastrophic yield theory of shear band formation in alpha-brass", C.S. Lee and B.J. Duggan, Textures and Microstructures, Vol. 14, 965-970 (1991).
    447. "Macroscopic shear bands in cross-rolled alpha-brass", C.S. Lee, W.T. Hui and B.J. Duggan, Scripta Metallurgica Et Materialia, Vol. 24, 757-762 (1990).

Book Chapters

  1. M.F. Lo, T.W. Ng, M.K. Fung, S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, C.S. Lee, and S.T. Lee, "Implications of interfacial electronics to performance of organic photovoltaic devices" in WOLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics - Recent Advances and Application, edited by Yam, Vivian W. W., Springer (2010).
  2. M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, "Invited book chapter - Metal Interfaces in Organic Electronic Devices - New Insights to Traditional Concepts" in Organic Electronics: Materials, Processing, Devices and Applications, (p.181-210) edited by Franky So, CRC Press. (2009)
  3. M.K. Fung, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, "Chapter 5 - Metal/Polymer Interface Studies for Organic Light-Emitting Devices" (p181-214) in Organic Light-Emitting Devices — Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, (2005) edited by K. Müllen, U. Scherf, Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
  4. L.S. Liao, C.S. Lee, S.T. Lee, M. Inbasekaran and W.W. Wu, "Metal/polyfluorene interface and surface: structures and stability" in "Conjugated Polymer and Molecular Interfaces: Science and Technology for Photonic and Optoelectronic Applications", (2002)

Patents

  1. P.F. Wang, N.L. Wang, W.M. Liu, S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, “Organic compound having electron-transporting and/or hole-blocking performance and its use and OLEDs comprising the compound” US Patent no. 8,101,290 B2, 24 Jan 2012
  2. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, S.L. Lai, M.Y. Chan, “Organic electroluminescent devices formed with rare earth metal containing cathode”, US Patent no. 8,119,254, 21 Feb 2012
  3. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, P.F. Wang, Z.Y. Xie, “Organic Electroluminescence Device”, US Patent No. 8,048,541, 1 Nov 2011
  4. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, B.X. Mi, P.F. Wang, “Red-emitting electro-phosphorescent Devices”, US Patent No. 7,429,662 B2, 30 September 2008
  5. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, P.F. Wang, B.X. Mi, “Electroluminescent devices”, US Patent No. 7,232,617 B2, 19 June 2007
  6. S.T. Lee, C.P. Li, X.H. Sun, N.B. Wong, C.S. Lee, B.K. Teo, “Room temperature solutions synthesis of multiwalled carbon nanostructures”, US Patent No. 7,132,126 B2, 7 Nov 2006
  7. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung, B.X. Mi, Z.Q. Gao, “Red-emitting organic electroluminescent elements”, US Patent No. 7,037,600 B2, 2 May 2006
  8. S.T. Lee, X. Jiang, C.S. Lee, F.L. Wong, “High-quality aluminum-doped zinc oxide layer as transparent conductive electrode for organic light-emitting devices”,  US Patent No. 6,917,158 B2, 12 July 2005
  9. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, P.F. Wang, Z.Y. Xie, “Organic electroluminescent devices using pyrazolo[3,4b]quinoxaline derivatives”, US Patent No. 6,861,162, 1 March 2005
  10. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, P.F. Wang, Z.Y. Xie, “Electroluminescent Devices”, US Patent No. 6,833,202, 21 December 2004
  11. S.T. Lee, I. Bello, C.S. Lee, Q. Li, N.G. Shang, "Large area silicon cone arrays fabrication and cone based nanostructure modification", US Patent No. 6,761,803, 13 July 2004
  12. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, L.S. Hung, M.X. Mi, Z.Q. Gao, "Organic electroluminescent elements", US Patent No. 6,613,458, 2 September 2003
  13. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee and Z.Q. Gao, "White and colored organic electroluminescent devices using single emitting material by novel color change technique", US Patent No. 6,521,360, 18 February 2003
  14. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, N. Wang, I. Bello, C.H. L. Lai, X.T. Zhou and F.C.K. Au, “Method for growing beta-silicon carbide nanorods, and preparation of patterned field-emitters by chemical vapor deposition (CVD)”, US Patent No. 6,221,154, 24 April 2001
  15. S.T. Lee, N. Wang, C.S. Lee and I. Bello, “Growth method for silicon nanowires and nanoparticle chains from silicon monoxide”, US Patent No. 6,313,015, 6 November 2001
  16. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, Z.D. Lin and Y.W. Lam, "Deposition method for heteroepitaxial diamond", US Patent No. 6,063,187, 16 May 2000
  17. S.T. Lee, C.S. Lee, I. Bello, Y.W. Lam and H. K. Woo, "Method of  heteroepitaxial growth of beta silicon carbide on silicon", US Patent No. 5,879,450, 9 March 1999

Conferences Organization

2015 Chairman
International Conference on Molecular ElectronicMaterials and Devices, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 5-8 January 2015
2014 Co-Chair
The 11th Cross-Strait Workshop on "Nano Science and Technology" (CSWNST11), City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong,14-18 December 2014
2013

Organizing Committee Member
Croucher Advanced Study Institute on Printed Electronics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 9-11 December 2013

Chairman
Asian Pacific Conference on Chemistry of Materials, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 3-6 December 2013

2012

Organizing Committee Member
The 16th International Workshop on Inorganic and Organic Electroluminescence, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, 10-14 December 2012

2010

Organizing Committee Member
The 8th Cross-Strait Workshop on Nano Science & Technology (CSWNST-8), City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 19-22 December 2010

2007

Co-Chair
Optical Society of America - Organic Materials and Devices for Displays and Energy Conversion, USA, September 16–19, 2007

Program Committee Member
SPIE Conference on "Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XI", California, USA, August 26-30, 2007

Organizing Committee Member
ECI Conference on "Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Biological/Biomedical/Chemical Sensing", City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, 3-8 June 2007.

2005

Organizing Committee Member
The 6th International Conference on Electroluminescence of Molecular Materials and Related Phenomena (ICEL-6), City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, 7-10 August 2006.

2004

Organizing Committee Member
The Inter-Pacific Workshop on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, 22-24 November 2004

2003

Organizing Committee Member
The 2nd Cross-Strait Workshop on "Nano Science and Technology, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, 9-11 December 2002

2000

Organizing Committee Member
The 7th International Conference of New Diamond Science and Technology (ICNDST-7), City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, 24-28 July, 2000.

Organizing Committee Member
The International Union of Materials Research Societies – 6th International Conference in Asia (IUMRS-ICA2000), City University of Hong Kong, 24-28 July, 2000

1999

Organizing Committee Member
The Asia Pacific Symposium on Organic Electroluminescent Materials and Displays, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, 8-11 June, 1999

 

Plenary / Invited Talks

  1. “Applications of charge transfer complex in organic optoelectronic devices”, Light, Energy and the Environment Congress, December 2014 (Canberra, Australia).
  2. “CityU’s Recent Works in the TBRS Project with Highlight on the Applications of Charge-Transfer Complexes”, Symposium for OLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics, November 2014 (Hong Kong).
  3. “Charge transfer complex (CTC) & its applications in organic optoelectronic devices”, The 10th International Conference on Electroluminescence and Organic Optoelectronics, September 2014 (Cologne, Germany).
  4. “Charge transfer complex & its applications in OLED & OPV devices”, Workshop for OLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics, December 2013 (Hong Kong).
  5. “Charge transfer complex & its applications in OLED & OPV devices”, International Conference on Nanoscience and Technology (ChinaNano 2013), September 2013 (Beijing, China).
  6. “Recent Scene of Hong Kong’s Research Efforts on Nanotechnology”, The 10th Cross-Strait Workshop on Nanoscience and Technology, August 2013 (Inner Mongolia, China) [Plenary]
  7. “Stability Enhancement of Organic Light-Emitting and Organic Photovoltaic Devices by Interface Engineering”, The 13th International Meeting on Information Display (IMID 2013), August 2013 (Deagu, South Korea).
  8. “Charge transfer complex and exciplex emission”, The 8th National Conference on Organic Luminescence, July 2013 (Changchun, China).
  9. “Exciplex emission -- its applications and mechanisms”, International LED Expo 2013, June 2013 (Kintex, Korea).
  10. “Charge transfer complex and its roles in optoelectronic devices”, The First International Workshop on Nanostructured Materials – Properties and Characteristics, June 2013 (Beijing, China).
  11. “Exciplex emission, charge transfer complex and their implications to electroluminescent and photovoltaic processes”, The 16th International Workshop on Inorganic and Organic Electroluminescence, December 2012 (Hong Kong).
  12. “Exciplex emission, charge transfer complex and their implications to electroluminescent and photovoltaic processes”, The 68th International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications Workshop, December 2012 (Hong Kong).
  13. “Nanowires and their Applications in Photovoltaic Devices”, The Ninth International Conference on Advanced Semiconductor Devices and Microsystems, November 2012 (Smolenice, Slovakia).
  14. “Exciplex emission and its relationship with electronic structure in organic heterojunction”, Organic Semiconductor Workshop 2012, June 2012 (Changsha, China).
  15. “Band gap engineering of Copper-Indium-Selenide nanowires and their applications in photovoltaic devices”, The 9th Cross-Strait Workshop on "Nano Science and Technology”, April 2012 (Tainan, Taiwan).
  16. “Simple Chemical Conversion of Copper-Indium-Selenide Nanowires and their Applications in Photovoltaic Devices”, International Conference on Advanced Materials, January 2012 (Chennai, India). [Plenary]
  17. “Interfacial engineering in organic photovoltaic devices for performance and stability enhancements”, Asian Conference on Organic Electronics 2011, November 2011 (Taipei, Taiwan).
  18. “Interface Physics & Engineering in Organic Photovoltaic Devices”, 7th National & Global Chinese Conference of Organic Molecules & Polymer Light-emitting Materials and Their Opto-electronic Properties, October 2011 (Zhangjiajie, China).
  19. “Enhancement of Performance & Stability of OPV Devices via Interface Engineering”, 6th Electronic Structure and Processes at Molecular-Based Interfaces (ESPMI-VI) workshop, September 2011 (Karlsruhe, Germany).
  20. “Interfacial Engineering of Organic Photovoltaic Devices”, Chinese Physics Society 2011 Fall Meeting, September 2011 (Hangzhou, China).
  21. “Prediction of carrier injection barriers at organic-metal interfaces”, 12th National Luminescence Conference, November 2010 (Suzhou, China).
  22. “Conversion of One-Dimensional Nanostructured CuInSe2 and Related Materials via Simple Chemistry & Physics”, Tsinghua University – Tokyo Institute of Technology Joint Materials Symposium 2010, November 2010 (Tokyo, Japan).
  23. “Interfaces of Organic Semiconductors and Their Influences on Device Performance”, The 8th National Conference on Solid State Electron Process, June 2010 (Xian, China). [Plenary]
  24. “Interface Science and Engineering of Organic Photovoltaic Devices”, Solar Energy Winter School, Nano and Advanced Materials Institute, 23 January 2010 (Hong Kong).
  25. “Implications of interfacial electronics to the performance of organic photovoltaic devices”, WOLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics Workshop, January 9-10, 2009 (Hong Kong).
  26. “Energy Level bending and dipole at organic heterojunctions and their implications on device performance”, Material Research Society fall meeting, Interfaces in Organic & Molecular Electronics, November 26-30, 2007, (Boston, USA).
  27. “Energy Level bending and dipole at organic heterojunctions and their implications on device performance”, The 4th Workshop on Advanced Spectroscopy Organic Materials for Electronic Applications, October 8-12, 2007 (Chiba, Japan). [Plenary]
  28. “Reassessment of some common assumptions on organic heterojunctions & their implications to device performance”, Optical Society of America - Organic Materials and Devices for Displays and Energy Conversion, September 16-19, 2007, (San Jose, USA).
  29. “Reassessment of some common assumptions on organic heterojunctions & their implications to device performance”, SPIE Conference on Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XI, August 26-30, 2007, (San Diego, USA).
  30. “Influences of connecting unit architecture on the performance of tandem organic light-emitting devices”, 10th Asian Symposium on Information Display 2007 (ASID’07), August 2007 (Singapore).
  31. “Approaches for enhancing efficiency of organic photovoltaic devices”, International Display Manufacturing Conference & Exhibition 2007 (IDMC’07), July 2007 (Taipei).
  32. “Interfaces in organic electronic devices – new insights to traditional concepts”, 12th  Hong Kong Physical Society Annual Conference, June 2007 (Hong Kong).
  33. "Interfaces of organic semiconductors and their influences on device performance”, Organic Light-Emitting Device Workshop, 2007 January (Hong Kong).
  34. “Organic heterojunctions and their roles in organic optoelectronic devices”, The 6th International Meeting on Information Display and The 5th International Display Manufacturing Conference, August 2006, Deagu (Korea).
  35. “Organic heterojunctions and their roles in organic optoelectronic devices”, The 6th International Conference on Electroluminescence of Molecular Materials and Related Phenomena (ICEL-6), August 2006 (Hong Kong)
  36. .“Novel Properties of Si and II-VI Nanowires and Nanoribbons”, The 4th Cross-Strait Workshop on Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, August 2005, Lijiang (China).
  37. “Novel Properties of Si and II-VI Nanowires and Nanoribbons”, Shanghai Jiangtong University, August 2005 (China)
  38. .“Properties of interfaces between metals and organic semiconductors”, Fudan University, August 2005 (China).
  39. “Carrier injection barrier formation at metal/organic interfaces”, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices IX, Optics & Photonics 2005, July 2005 (USA).
  40. “Novel Properties of Si and II-VI Nanowires and Nanoribbons”, The 2nd International Conference on Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies, June 2005 (Greece).
  41. "Carrier Injection Barrier in Metals/Organic Interface”, Xiamen University March 2005 (China).
  42. “Carrier Injection Barrier in Metals/Organic Interface”, Chiba University, Feb. 2005 (Japan).
  43. “Carrier injection barrier at Alq3/metal interface”, International Discussion Meeting on Tri(8-hydroxyquinoline) Aluminum (III), Sept. 2004 (Japan).
  44. “Semiconducting Nanowires and Device Applications”, The 21st Annual Symposium of HKIE, October 2003 (Hong Kong).
  45. “OLED Research in CityU”, Display industry roadmap forum, Hong Kong Optoelectronic Association, Sept 2003 (Hong Kong).
  46. "Scanning Tunnelling spectroscopy characterisation of small silicon nanowires”, The 12th International Conference on Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, July 2003 (Holland).
  47. "Nanowire research in CityU”, Hong Kong Physical Society Annual Conference, June 2003 (Hong Kong).
  48. "Applications of surface analysis and engineering for performance enhancement in organic light emitting devices”, Kumamoto University, November 2002 (Japan).
  49. "Laser ablation synthesis of inorganic nanowires”, The Asian Symposium on Recent Trend in Applications of Laser Ablation, November 2002 (Japan).
  50. “Applications of high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy to OLEDs studies”, 3rd International Conference on Electroluminescence of Molecular Materials and Related Phenomena, September 2001 (USA).
  51. “Diamond heteroepitaxial nucleation by ion beam impart”, 6th Applied Diamond Conferences/2nd Frontier Carbon Technology Joint Conference (ADC/FCT 2001), August 2001 (USA)
  52. “Engineering of the metal/polyfluorene interface”, International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies 2001, July 2001 (Singapore).
  53. "Diamond nucleation by ion beam”, International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies 2001, July 2001 (Singapore).
  54. “Semiconductor nanowires”, NanoTechnhology Symposium – NanoTechnhology & Our Future, June 2001 (Hong Kong).
  55. "Oxide-assisted synthesis and characterisation of semiconductor nanowires”, National Conference on Nanosciences and Surface Sciences, May 2001 (Beijing).
  56. “Semiconductor nanowires and nanocrystalline diamond”, Institute of Nano Science & Technology Inaugural Ceremony and Workshop, May 2001 (Hong Kong).
  57. “Indentification of diamond nucleation sites and their implication on heteroepitaxial growth”, 7th International Conf. On New Diamond Science & Tech., July 2000 (Hong Kong).
  58. “Synthesis of semiconductor Nanowires”, Micro Engineering & Nanotechnology II, April 2000 (UK).
  59. “Performance enhancement of OLED by process and surface engineering”, The 5th Frontier-Science Research Conference: Science and Technology of Organic Light-Emitting Materials, November 1999. (USA)
  60. “High performance organic light-emitting devices through optimisation and new design”, The 5th International Conference on Science and Technology of Display Phosphors, November 1999. (USA)
  61. "Performance optimisation of organic electroluminescent devices”, The 5th International Union of Materials Research Society International Conference on Advanced Materials, June 1999. (China)
  62. "Rolling Texture in FCC Metals”, Materials Department, RISO National Laboratory, Denmark, July 1993. (Denmark)

Current Opening

 

Opening for Post-doctoral Fellows / Senior Research Assistants / Research Assistant

Applicants who are interested to the below research topics, are always welcomed to send the CV to c.s.lee@cityu.edu.hk for further considerations.

  • Biomedical Materials for drug delivery, bio-imaging, cancer therapy, etc.
  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for energy and environmental applications
  • Organic Light-Emitting Devices (OLEDs), Organic Solar Cells and other optoelectronic devices
  • Surface Science of Organic Semiconductors and Nanomaterials

 

Opening for PhD Students

Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme

Applicants, who would  like to develop his/her study in my research areas, are encouraged to apply for “Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme”.

The Fellowship provides a monthly stipend of HK$20,000 (~US$2,564) and conference and research related travel allowance of HK$10,000 (~US$1,282) per year for the awardees for a maximum period of three years.

More details can be found: http://www.sgs.cityu.edu.hk/prospective/RPg/HKPhD#04

 

CityU Research Degree Programme (PhD Study)

For successful candidates, CityU will offer monthly studentship (about HKD14,800 per month). Candidate with outstanding academic performance can apply for the scholarship and conference grants to attend interantional conferences.

Applicants seeking admission to a research degree programme should satisfy the following minimum entrance requirements:

  • be a current MPhil student in the University who seeks transfer to PhD candidature; or
  • hold a higher degree by research (or equivalent qualification) from a recognized university; or
  • hold a Master’s degree (or equivalent qualification) from a recognised university; or
  • hold a Bachelor’s degree with first class honours (or equivalent qualification) from a recognised university.
English Proficiency Requirements
  • a minimum TOEFL score of 550 (paper-based) or 213 (computer-based) or 79(internet-based); or
  • a minimum overall band score of 6.5 in IELTS; or
  • a score of 490 in the Chinese mainland’s College English Test Band 6; or
  • other test scores that may be regarded as equivalent to TOEFL 550 (paper-based) or 213 (computer-based) or 79 (internet-based).
More details can be found: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/sgs/download/rpg/prospective/handbook.pdf