Knowledge Transfer Award
- Winners in 2017 -
Winner of Excellence in Knowledge Transfer Award in 2017
Excellence in Knowledge Transfer Award
Dr LI Wanxin
Department of Public Policy
2016 Hong Kong Rugby Sevens Green Ambassador Scheme
Mission Statement:
Induce environmentally friendly behaviors through innovations in education and intervention design.

As the project Principal Investigator and Advisor, Dr. Wanxin Li worked closely with three ENP students to design and execute the 2016 Hong Kong Rugby Sevens Green Ambassador Scheme. Sponsored by the Campus Sustainability Fund, in collaboration with the EPD and HKRU, during the 2016 Hong Kong Rugby Seven Annual Match held 8-10 April 2016, the project successfully promoted recycling of plastic waste, conducted waste audit, and completed a survey with spectators.

Project Descriptions:
Wanxin Li has been actively seeking opportunities in putting knowledge to work through both formal and informal collaborations with practitioners and research partners. Her research covers analysis of policy advocacy and public participation in policy making processes, costs and benefits of policy alternatives, policy induced behavioral changes, and quality of life. Analytical tools developed for environmental policymaking and management have allowed her to make a contribution to the OECD Environmental Performance Review of China, EU-China Environmental Governance Programme and the Taskforce of the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development.

Furthermore, as the project Principal Investigator and Advisor, she worked closely with three ENP students, Alaric Hui, Steven Ho, and Regine Cheung to design and execute the 2016 Hong Kong Rugby Sevens Green Ambassador Scheme. The project was funded by the Campus Sustainability Fund. During the 2016 Hong Kong Rugby Seven Annual Match held 8-10 April 2016, the three ENP students led a team of 35 student volunteers to promote recycling of plastic waste, to conduct waste audit, and to complete a survey with spectators. This project was conducted in collaboration with the Environmental Protection Department and Leisure and Cultural Services Department of the Hong Kong SAR Government, Hong Kong Rugby Union, and HK Recycles. This has been selected as one of the flagship projects presented at the Climate Change Stakeholder Engagement Forum held by the Hong Kong SAR Government on 12 July 2016.

Certificate of Merit
Dr FUNG Lai-chu Annis
Department of Applied Social Sciences
The Pioneer Study of Innovation Treatment for Reducing Aggressive Behaviour through Chinese Martial Arts and Ethic Program
Mission Statement:
Reducing reactively and proactively aggressive behaviour among schoolchildren by developing an innovative evidence-based Chinese Martial Arts and Ethics intervention.
Dr Fung’s “Essence of Chinese Martial Arts and Ethics” (ECMA) Program is the first scientific study which aims at utilizing Chinese martial arts to reduce reactively and proactively aggressive behaviour among schoolchildren. High-risk children were selected from 12 primary schools and 1 children’s home, and received one of the four kinds of 10-session intervention: Martial arts skills only; Martial arts ethics only; Combination of skills and ethics; or Physical fitness only. Results suggested that the combination of martial arts skills and ethics shows the greatest effectiveness in reducing aggressive behaviour across other interventions.

Project Descriptions:
This groundbreaking study was a single-blind, cluster randomized longitudinal study, which is the first to examine the effectiveness of Chinese martial arts and ethics in reducing reactive and proactive aggressive behavior among schoolchildren aged 6–12 as well as promote the mental health and psychological benefit of Chinese martial arts and ethics training to the public. This study was granted by the General Research Fund (GRF) from January 2014 to June 2017.

ECMA Program draws upon the well-documented literature on the use of martial arts such as judo, taekwondo, aikido, karate and boxing to reduce children’s aggressive behavior. However, it remained unknown if Chinese martial arts could have similar effect. Public impression even holds negative view on martial arts training, which may enhance childhood aggression, instead of reducing it. In fact, true Chinese martial arts training encompasses both skills (martial techniques or wu gong) and ethics (moral principles or wu de), under the direction of highly respected instructor (shi fu) to his or her participants (disciples).

Using social-information processing (SIP) model to depict steps before the performance of social behaviour, we have categorized reactive aggression to be associated with cognitive distortion in the encoding and interpretation of social cues, with impulsive behaviour, whereas proactive aggression is related to distortion in evaluation of outcomes and aggression itself, with personal goal-oriented behaviour.

ECMA Program integrates the essence of traditional Chinese martial arts and the SIP model. The instructor (shi fu) challenged the children’s cognitive distortion around using aggressive behaviour for gaining personal interests or for revenge. The shi fu advocated self-control and tolerance so that the children would use martial arts only for self-defence. The attackers will feel ashamed at the non-violence of the one under attack and eventually show heartfelt respect towards the being-attacked. Thus, Chinese martial arts training will reduce the urge to seek revenge in reactively aggressive children, and to stop achieving their dominance and sense of superiority by bullying others in proactively aggressive children.

The pioneer study produces wide impacts, both academic and social, locally and internationally. The results provided theoretical proof for the relationship between aggression and sport involvement combined with children’s moral reasoning. Internationally, the project led to publications in top international journals and presentations at worldwide conferences. The results provided innovative and valuable social impacts to promoting “zero” violence and anti-aggressive cultures in communities. A press conference was organized in July 2016. The huge news coverage ensured successful transfer of the message to the public. Furthermore, in September 2016, Dr Fung was invited by Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) to be the guest speaker for a radio programme. This study gives practical implications to educators and social workers that solely playing sports or merely teaching moral lessons is not effective enough for high-risk schoolchildren with aggressive behaviour. However, combined traditional Chinese martial arts skills and ethics training could be considered in the school curriculum to reduce school violence and facilitate creation of harmonious schools. ECMA is also important for high-risk children to receive early prevention and treatment at a young age, without any negative stigmatization, preventing them to grow into aggressive grown-ups who could commit violent crimes.

Certificate of Merit
Dr Christoph A. HAFNER
Department of English
Digital Multimedia Resource for Legal English: An interdisciplinary project
Mission Statement:
Improve professional communication by making the insights of disciplinary experts and applied linguists available to all.
Learning ‘legal English’, the specialized language that students encounter in law school, is particularly challenging. Dr. Christoph A. Hafner and colleagues from the three Law Schools/Faculties in Hong Kong have created a digital multimedia resource that provides insights into academic/professional legal writing and oral advocacy. It combines the views of expert legal professionals with understandings derived from applied linguistics to produce an accessible resource into effective communication in legal English.

Project Descriptions:
This project provides an interdisciplinary video-based resource which aims to promote the English language skills of Hong Kong law students. The project takes an English for specific purposes approach, focusing on the disciplinary language communication needs of law students and designing video-based materials that respond to these particular needs. In line with this philosophy, the project brings together academics from the Department of English at CityU and from the three law schools/faculties in Hong Kong. The videos created are made publically available so as to reach out to a wide global audience and the materials can be accessed at There are three different series of videos available on the site: Conversations with Experts, The Quick Guide to Legal Writing, and The Quick Guide to Oral Advocacy .

Conversations with Experts is a series of expert interviews which engages professional lawyers in something that they don’t do very often – talking about effective language use in legal communication and oral advocacy. The experts interviewed are a mix of senior and junior legal practitioners, including the Honourable Chief Justice of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal, Geoffrey Ma Tao-li. The Quick Guide to Legal Writing and The Quick Guide to Oral Advocacy are two series of instructional videos that focus on the two key academic genres of ‘legal problem question’ and ‘oral moot’. They provide English language tips for writing and presenting well and offer an applied linguistic perspective on the topic of effective communication in law.

These resources have been well received by the legal education and language education communities. The videos are now being regularly used in the CityU General Education English course on legal English as well as on a HKU course on Legal Research. LLM programmes that use the materials include the HKU LLM in Arbitration & Dispute Resolution, Masters in Common Law and the LLM in Human Rights Programmes. The videos are also being widely viewed online. At the time of writing, they have been viewed 68,428 times, with 490 ‘likes’ and only 13 ‘dislikes’. 829 people have subscribed to our channel, with 105 from India, 88 from Hong Kong, and 77 from the US as the top three geographies. From this perspective the transfer of expert knowledge that is at the core of this project goes well beyond its original intended audience of Hong Kong law students.

For any queries, please contact Mrs Tina Leung, CLASS KTC Secretary at 3442 4834.