This course aims to enable students to develop an understanding of the principles of analytical chemistry with an emphasis on the common analytical methods and instruments. It builds upon introductory courses in analytical chemistry and extends the scope to include the more in-depth principles of analytical chemistry and the functions of equipment for qualitative and quantitative analysis. In this course, students will have practical experience in analytical, environmental and separation techniques and designing innovative analytical methods, and opportunities of presentation of experimental results. This course offers students knowledge and skills that will allow them to undertake courses in analytical chemistry and instrumental analysis at a more advanced level. Additionally, it prepares graduates with knowledge, discovery capability, and experience in analytical chemistry for industrial applications, laboratory analysis and research studies.