This advanced cell biology course deals with the molecular biology of cell signaling and cell cycle control. The students will gain an insight into the fundamental processes of the cellular uptake of molecules by membrane receptors, including membrane-protein and protein-protein interactions, and their associated effectors. The objective is to provide students with current knowledge of cell signaling from the cell surface to the nucleus, integrating cellular regulatory signals and cumulating to cell cycle control. Students will explore the amplification of signals and learn about oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes and cancer. They will learn about insulin and the signal transduction cascades it invokes. This course builds on (and complements) knowledge covered in Cell Biology, and underpins the more advanced concepts that are covered Physiology, Molecular Biology and Final Year Project.