Master of Laws in Human Rights (LLM-HR), University of Hong Kong; Bachelor of Arts (Major in Mass Communication), University of Mindanao
Human rights and Democracy
Supervisor: Prof Mark R. Thompson
PhD Research Topic
- Impunity despite democracy: exempting the state coercive apparatus from accountability since the fall of the Marcos regime
Abstract: This research seeks to explain impunity of the Philippine state coercive apparatus from prosecution for human rights violations despite the transition to democracy after the end of the authoritarian Marcos regime in 1986. The building of democratic institutions in this Southeast Asian country has not prevented continued human rights violations – from torture, forced disappearances, massacres, political killings and persecution of far left political dissidents. It is paradoxical that a regime built to protect human rights violated during the Marcos dictatorship not only fails to protect those rights but justifies and legitimizes impunity for state actors who continued to violate them. Impunity in the Philippines does not exists in vacuum. Using discourse analysis and interpretive research as methods, I will look into the construction of impunity within the criminal justice system. I will examine the reports of official investigations by police and prosecutors and analyze court decisions involving human rights cases which exempted perpetrators in the state coercive apparatus from criminal liability. My research thus seeks to contribute to scholarship on the cause of impunity for the coercive apparatus and its relationship to democracy in developing countries.
- Reyes, D. 2015, “Freedom of speech: cases during, after Musharraff,” in .The state of freedom of expression in Pakistan,” article 2, Vol. 14, No. 3 & 4.
- Reyes, D. and Naw, N. 2015, “Crackdown on protests: exclusion of students’ rights in the education law”, in Police torture and crackdown on protests in changing Burma, article 2, Vol. 14, No. 2.
- Reyes, D. 2015. “Torture by law enforcers: is Burma’s police the new military?” article 2, Vol. 14, No. 2.
- Reyes, D. 2014. “Focus on Southeast Asia: Suppression of emerging protest in Cambodia”, article 2, Vol. 13, No. 1.
- Reyes, D. 2013. “Impeachment of the Chief Justice: A critique on the Sri Lankan and Philippine cases”, in Struggle for Constitutionalism and Judicial Independence in Asia, article 2, Vol. 12, No. 1.
- Reyes, D. 2012. “The Maguindanao Massacre: Legal and human rights implications of court delay”, in the Philippines’ hollow human rights system, article 2, Vol. 11, No. 2-3.
- Reyes, D. 2011 "Torture in the Philippines & the unfulfilled promised of the 1987 Constitution," article 2, Vol. 10, No. 1
- Reyes, D. 2009 “The milking cow that is law enforcement in the Philippines,” in Use of police powers for profit, article 2, Vol. 8, No. 1.
- Reyes, D. 2008. “Prosecutions in the Philippines,” in Focus: Prosecutions in Asia, article 2, Vol. 7, No. 1, cited in Haugen, G. and Boutros, V. 2013. The locust effect. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Ch. 4.
- “Torture in the Philippines: obstacles to enforcement of the Anti-Torture Law” presented at the Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA) 21st Biennial Conference, Australian National University (ANU), Canberra, July 7, 2016.
- “Journalism and Human Rights: Protecting yours and others’ rights,” presented at the 19th National Press Forum, Philippine Press Institute (PPI), at Diamond Hotel, Manila, May 2015.
- “Torture Prevention and Rehabilitation in Asia,” presented at Asian Regional Conference on Enhancing the Capacity of Rehabilitation Centers and Civil Society in Accessing Justice for the Victims of Torture, at Diamond Hotel, Manila, November 2011.
- “Practice of torture with or without Anti-torture law: A study on the Philippines, Burma, Indonesia and Thailand,” a lecture on UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, at Hong Kong University, June 2011.